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Map Skills Notes
There are two basic types of maps: political and physical.
Physical maps show elevation and landforms.
Political maps show countries, states, etc.
There are other types of maps as well such as temperature,
products, endangered animals, topographical, etc.
A Map key or legend helps provide information to read a map.
A Compass Rose helps show direction.
There are two types of imaginary lines on a map: latitude and
Latitude lines go across the map from side to side.
The equator is a latitude line.
Longitude lines run up and down on a map.
A state border is usually shown with a thin line.
A national border is usually shown with a thick line.
A state capital is usually shown with a star.
A national capital is usually shown with a star in a circle.
A globe is a type of map that is round and more accurately
portrays the earth’s shape.
There are 7 continents: Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica,
Europe, North America, and South America.
There are 5 major oceans: Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Southern,
and Arctic.