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COEN 152 Computer Forensics Introduction to Computer Forensics Computer Forensics Digital Investigation Focuses on a digital device Computer Router Switch Cell-phone SIM-card … Computer Forensics Digital Investigation Focuses on a digital device involved in an incident or crime Computer intrusion Generic criminal activity Perpetrator uses internet to gather information used in the perpetration of a crime. Digital device is an instrument of a crime Perpetrator uses cell-phone to set-off a bomb. Details are sensitive to natural security. If you get clearance, I can tell you who to ask. Email scams Internet auction fraud Computer is used for intrusion of another system. Computer Forensics Digital Investigation Has different goals Prevention of further intrusions. Assessment of damage. Goal is to reconstruct modus operandi of intruder to prevent further intrusions. Goal is to certify system for safe use. Reconstruction of an incident. For criminal proceedings. For organization-internal proceedings. Computer Forensics Digital Investigation Process where we develop and test hypotheses that answer questions about digital events. We can use an adaptation of the scientific method where we establish hypotheses based on findings and then (if possible) test our hypotheses against findings resulting from additional investigations. Computer Forensics Evidence Procedural notion That on what our findings are based. Legal notion Defined by the “rules of evidence” Differ by legislation “Hear-say” is procedurally evidence, but excluded (under many circumstances) as legal evidence. Computer Forensics Forensics Used in the “forum”, especially for judicial proceedings. Definition: legal Computer Forensics Digital Crime Scene Investigation Process System Preservation Phase Evidence Searching Phase Event Reconstruction Phase Note: These phases are different activities that intermingle. Computer Forensics Who should know about Computer Forensics Those involved in legal proceedings that might use digital evidence Judges, Prosecutors, Attorneys, Law Enforcement, Expert Witnesses Those involved in Systems Administration Systems Administrators, Network Administrators, Security Officers Those writing procedures Managers Computer Forensics Computer Forensics presupposes skills in Ethics Law, especially rules of evidence System and network administration Digital data presentation Systems OS, especially file systems. Hardware, especially disk drives, memory systems, computer architecture, … Networking Number and character representation Network protocols, Intrusion detection, … Information Systems Management COEN 152 Prerequisites: Junior standing Willingness to learn about Computer Organization, OS (Processes, File Systems,) Network Protocols. COEN 152 Grading Written final. Practical final. For your convenience, I will try to release it as the quarter progresses. Laboratory projects You’ll need access to a computer with administrator privileges. Ethics and legal cases. Email tracing and forging. Hard drive analysis. Network traces. … Syllabus contains binding weights. COEN 152 Labs: I will move half of each lab (random selection if necessary) to Friday lab. Unless there is a documented conflict. Maximum enrollment is 15 per lab (= number of computers). You will have administrative privileges for the computers. You are not allowed to connect to the internet other than through the wireless. You change the IP setting on your own and / or connect to the internet other than through the firewall Automatic F in lab Automatic F in class. You delete an application we need, you get to reinstall it or you receive an F in lab (and hence in class). Clean up after using laptop. (Remove temporary files). Feel free to save files on floppy / USB memory stick.