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COEN 252 Computer Forensics
Introduction to Computer
Forensics
Thomas Schwarz, S.J. 2013
Computer Forensics
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Digital Investigation
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Focuses on a digital device
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Computer
Router
Switch
Cell-phone
SIM-card
Kindle
…
Computer Forensics
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Digital Investigation
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Focuses on a digital device involved in an incident
or crime
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Computer intrusion
Generic criminal activity
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Perpetrator uses internet to gather information used in the
perpetration of a crime.
Digital device is an instrument of a crime
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Perpetrator uses cell-phone to set-off a bomb.
Email scams
Internet auction fraud
Crimeware
Computer is used for intrusion of another system
Botnet
Computer Forensics
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Digital Investigation
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Has different goals
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Prevention of further intrusions.
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Assessment of damage.
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Goal is to reconstruct modus operandi of intruder to
prevent further intrusions.
Goal is to certify system for safe use.
Reconstruction of an incident.
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For criminal proceedings.
For organization-internal proceedings.
Computer Forensics
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Digital Investigation
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Process where we develop and test
hypotheses that answer questions about
digital events.
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We can use an adaptation of the scientific
method where we establish hypotheses based
on findings and then (if possible) test our
hypotheses against findings resulting from
additional investigations.
Computer Forensics
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Evidence
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Procedural notion
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That on what our findings are based.
Legal notion
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Defined by the “rules of evidence”
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Differ by legislation
“Hear-say” is procedurally evidence, but
excluded (under many circumstances) as
legal evidence.
Computer Forensics

Forensics
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Used in the “forum”, especially for judicial
proceedings.
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Definition: legal
Computer Forensics
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Digital Crime Scene Investigation
Process
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System Preservation Phase
Evidence Searching Phase
Event Reconstruction Phase
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Note: These phases are different activities that
intermingle.
Computer Forensics
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Who should know about Computer Forensics
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Those involved in legal proceedings that might use
digital evidence
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Judges, Prosecutors, Attorneys, Law Enforcement, Expert
Witnesses
Those involved in Systems Administration
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Systems Administrators, Network Administrators,
Security Officers
Those writing procedures
Managers
Computer Forensics
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Computer Forensics presupposes skills in
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Ethics
Law, especially rules of evidence
System and network administration
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Digital data presentation
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Systems
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OS, especially file systems.
Hardware, especially disk drives, memory systems, computer
architecture, …
Networking
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Number and character representation
Network protocols, Intrusion detection, …
Information Systems Management
COEN 252
Prerequisites
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Required:
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Good moral character. Ability and willingness to respect
ethical boundaries.
Familiarity with at least one type of operating system.
(Windows, Unix/Linux, DOS experience preferred.)
Some programming.
Access to a computer with Hex editor.
Desired:
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Familiarity with OS Theory.
Familiarity with Networking.
Some Knowledge of U.S. Legal System.