Download 1 Power Point Group Comm Intro

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Social dilemma wikipedia , lookup

False consensus effect wikipedia , lookup

Internet relationship wikipedia , lookup

Intimate relationship wikipedia , lookup

Social loafing wikipedia , lookup

Belongingness wikipedia , lookup

Social perception wikipedia , lookup

James M. Honeycutt wikipedia , lookup

Interpersonal relationship wikipedia , lookup

Group development wikipedia , lookup

Group cohesiveness wikipedia , lookup

Social norm wikipedia , lookup

Group dynamics wikipedia , lookup

Communication in small groups wikipedia , lookup

Communicating in
Small Groups
What is a Group?
A small group is:
At least 3, but not more than 15 people,
 Who interact and communicate with one
 Who share a common purpose or goal;
 Who have group norms and values;
 Who feel a sense of belonging; and
 Who exert influence on each other.
Why do people join groups?
Support and Commitment
The idea that two heads are better than one
People are more willing to take on larger
commitments with a group
Interpersonal Needs
Affection – relationships
Inclusion – establish identity with others
Control – exercise leadership and prove abilities
Group Dynamics
Specific guidelines related to specific
issues; often written down formally
 Example – HHS dress code states that
pants should not sag below the waist
Standards that govern behavior; rarely
written down, just understood
 Example – Most teachers at GHS allow
students to get away sagging pants
Group Dynamics
Consistent ways you communicate with
others in a group
 Types
 Task
 Social
 Individual
/ Self-Centered
Role Types in Groups
set of behaviors that helps the group
accomplish the work, solve a problem or
address an issue
set of behaviors that helps establish and
maintain positive, cooperative relationships
among members
Individual / Self-Centered
set of behaviors that meet the needs of an
individual while harming the task or social
dimension of the group
Group Types
Formal (A committee at work; a jury)
Clear rules
Official roles and duties (president, chairperson)
Official name / title
Usually designed to last a specific length of time
Informal (your group of friends)
Fewer formal rules and roles, but sometimes more norms
Less structured
Smaller in size
Often satisfy interpersonal needs
Group Types (cont.)
 Purpose
is to accomplish a specific task
 Purpose
is to satisfy need for relationships and
both functions – sometimes they exist for
the relationships, but sometimes the group
needs to accomplish a task
 Serve
Balance is the Key
Manage the task
Is achieved through
enforcement of rules
and norms
One person may
dominate at times
Manage relationships
and reactions to the
There is considerable
give and take
There is much talk
and participation
from group members
Group Cohesiveness
The degree of attraction that members
of a group feel toward one another and
the group.
 High group cohesiveness is essential for
group success.
The longer the length of the group, the
more important cohesiveness is to the
survival of the group
Characteristics of Cohesive Groups
Emphasize “we” rather than “I”
 Reinforce good attendance
 Establish group traditions
 Set clear goals
 Encourage participation
 Celebrate accomplishing goals
 Stress teamwork and collaboration over
individual accomplishment
Communicating in Groups
Communication Network – a pattern
that describes or identifies the flow of
communication within a group (who talks
to whom and how much)
 Types of Communication Networks
 Wheel
 Open
Chain Network
A network in which members pass messages
from one person to another “up or down” the
chain, but there is no communication among
member’s except for talking to the person next
to you
Wheel Network
A network in which there is a single person
through whom all messages are sent.
Open Network
A network where everyone has an equal
opportunity to communicate with everyone
else in the group. The ideal network!
Problem Solving in Groups
Identify and Define the Problem
Develop Criteria for a Potential Solution
Nominal group technique
Select the Best Solution
Identify needs
Set Limits
Generate Possible Solutions
Set scope!
Consensus – a solution all members can be satisfied with
NO Groupthink
Implement the Solution
A tendency in groups to become more
focused on reaching a solution than
exploring the issues at hand
 How to avoid Groupthink
 Encourage
critical thinking
 Don’t agree with someone just because of
 Consider third-party evaluation
 Assign a devil’s advocate
 Consider pros and cons of solutions
Stages in Group Communication
Forming – coming together for a purpose
Norming – establishing and discovering
group norms (happens throughout)
Storming – brainstorming about problem
Conforming – coming to consensus about
problem; also conforming to established group
norms and rules
Performing – presenting finished process