... non-scientific or of doubtful value in a specific society and time period."
And we would find even more remote definitions, if we examined the German or Indonasian
literature on the subject.
I will not give a definition of my own here. I only wanted to show the uncertainity among
specialists on the ...
JEALOUSY REFLECTED AT HENRIK IBSEN`S HEDDA GABLER
... concern showed when she knows that Lovborg was back to town alone, she
immediately went to the city to seek him. Elvsted so worried about a many
temptation that occurred in the town that can influence Lovborg.
The minor characters in this play are Miss Juliana, Brack, and Berta.
Miss Juliana Tesman ...
Toward a Psychology of Humiliation in Asymmetric Conflict
... In psychology, development of new theoretical constructs
is an integral part of empirical research. The researcher
hypothesizes an initial definition of the construct (dissonance is awareness of two or more dissonant cognitions),
places the construct in a nomological net of constructs and
Humor as a Double-Edged Sword: Four Functions of Humor in
... generally more popular with others (Wanzer, Booth-Butterfield, & BoothButterfield, 1996). Such social properties make humor a natural focus
for communication study. Central to all communication is the audiencethose to whom a message may be directed. The audience gives attempts
at humor their success ...
Foul Behavior - Victor Kumar
... Daniel Kelly (2011) articulates a view that has garnered widespread acceptance in
the scientific literature on tribal instincts: disgust was co-opted in social cognition for the
sake of marking group boundaries. In our hunter-gatherer past it was vitally important
to coordinate with members of one’s ...
Malleability of Attitudes or Malleability of the IAT?
... subsequent questions. For example, after being asked to select two high quality TV shows from
a list of 10, participants rated TV programming as generally more satisfying than after selecting
two low quality TV shows (Bless & Wänke, 2000). Similarly, Salancik and Conway (1975)
demonstrated that havi ...
The ABC of Ambivalence: Affective, Behavioral
... responses is via the aforementioned presumed human motivation to be consistent. Consistency violations can be experienced as unpleasant and lead to a
negative affective response, as shown, for example, in the context of cognitive dissonance (e.g., Zanna & Cooper, 1974). Based on the similarities
Resilience for public health - Glasgow Centre for Population Health
... The understanding of factors that promote resilience for individuals has been
shaped by research within the field of child development. In particular,
investigations of how some young people flourish in challenging
circumstances. Such studies highlight the importance of both personality traits
and f ...
configuring the identity of amir and baba in the
... In the era of globalization and diaspora, diverse cultures meet and
intersect with each other. This phenomenon creates changes on the identities of
the society undergoing the diasporic experience. The Kite Runner is a novel
telling the story of individuals who face social changes in their life inclu ...
... Which is worse: being socially attacked or rejected? We sought to answer that question by having participants imagine
themselves in scenarios where they were excluded, aggressed upon or included by other group members. We found
that overall, being excluded is indeed more threatening to fundamental n ...
A methodological approach to examining racial and ethnic
... this journey. I owe a significant debt to all of them. First, I would like to express my
gratitude to Dr. Riyad Shahjahan. He was the first person who recognized my need and the
importance of my being able to understand and express my internal struggles in order to gain
a sense of inner peace. Becau ...
The (In)egalitarian Self: On the Motivated Rejection of Implicit Racial
... White Americans widely endorse egalitarian values and strongly oppose hostile forms of
racial prejudice, yet significant racial disparities persist in many important life domains.
Unconscious, implicit forms of bias at the individual-level have been offered as one
explanation for aggregate racial di ...
PSPB in press 2017 - Open Research Exeter
... On the attitudinal consequences of being mindful:
Links between mindfulness and attitude ambivalence
We routinely experience mixed reactions to objects in our environment. At a recent
coffee shop visit, the lead author was presented with a free sample of cake. He was torn –
while he likes cake, he k ...
Why Implicit Attitudes Are (Probably) not Beliefs
... states, from the most primitive perceptions to complex imaginings. The correct criterion will
fall between these two extremes, and, in the next section, I argue that sensitivity to logical form
is a good fit for this purpose. Since a primary aim of this paper is to argue that implicit attitudes
Shame in Two Cultures: Implications for
... of the present research was to use cross-cultural comparisons to gain a
more complete understanding of shame, it was important to first establish
the salience of shame in the two cultures at issue in order to provide a
context for the interpretation of other results. Reasoning that individuals’
If they are genuine refugees, why?
... assessed. These people were also less likely to view government policies as
legitimate, more empathetic towards the plight of asylum seekers in detention
and more likely to feel guilt about the situation of detainees.
Unfair consumption of resources
Study participants repeatedly expressed the view t ...
Author`s personal copy - Wake Forest University
... The rationale is that a general implicit theory of attitude stability
(malleability) will foster the perception that any speciﬁc attitude one
considers has been stable (unstable) over time, which in turn will lead
to greater (less) certainty about that speciﬁc attitude. As noted,
indirect evidence f ...
pan paniscus - Utrecht University Repository
... are the best coalition partners. As a consequence of this, most grooming
will go up the hierarchy. As a result of this, competition will arise, leading
to a monopolizatio n of high ranking individuals by the individual s ranking
just below them, so that most grooming will occur among adjacent ranks
02whole - Massey Research Online
... positive rebound effect. Stereotype rebound effects may therefore not always be
evidenced by higher levels of negative or prejudiced responding in suppressors, but can
also appear as positive evaluations and approach behaviours. Findings from this research
(i.e., stereotype rebound effects can be ei ...
Attitudes and Attitude Change - 2008
... The classic scaling approaches of Thurstone, Guttman, Likert, and Osgood, the
latter two still widely used today, require respondents to report their evaluations
and beliefs overtly. Recently, these manifest response methods were extended by
measures that purport to assess attitudes implicitly (e.g. ...
Political Polarization Projection - University of California, Santa
... In partisan contexts (e.g., American politics), it is common
knowledge that populations are divided between partisan stances
(e.g., between support for and opposition to Democratic candidates
or policies). In these contexts, polarization projection and simple
projection can be both confounded and mu ...
Irony as a Means of Perception Through Communication Channels
... In Study 1 adults were tested for their comprehension of the concept of irony
and its emotional valence, their self-perception of being ironic or non-ironic and
their attitude to irony understood here as the social functions of ironic comments.
In lieu of a verbal irony task [scenarios/stories where ...
Amour-Propre, Good and Bad - Western Political Science Association
... role of social critic than natural historian.20 In particular, he gets ahead of himself by
referencing cognitive and social developments that could not have occurred in human
history both when and how he claimed they did. These errors reveal Rousseau’s real
motive—to criticize the salonistes for fet ...
What Do We Mean by Accumulation? Advancing
... Accumulation often begets accumulation; but if humans
are aware of accumulation, agency is often activated. It
is also plausible that accumulation may be initiated by an
exogenous source but give way to a combination of exogenous and endogenous influences.
Consider, for example, the social breakdown ...
Group dynamics is a system of behaviors and psychological processes occurring within a social group (intragroup dynamics), or between social groups (intergroup dynamics). The study of group dynamics can be useful in understanding decision-making behavior, tracking the spread of diseases in society, creating effective therapy techniques, and following the emergence and popularity of new ideas and technologies. Group dynamics are at the core of understanding racism, sexism, and other forms of social prejudice and discrimination. These applications of the field are studied in psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science, epidemiology, education, social work, business, and communication studies.