* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Download The Spanish and the Aztecs
Document related concepts
The Spanish and the Aztecs THE AZTECS How Did the History of the Aztec Affect Their Worldview? Aztecs believed they were following the orders of their patron god They followed his orders and migrated from northern Mexico to central Mexico and further south They believed their god would lead them to the land of their destiny As the Aztecs moved, they had to adapt and change to the other cultures around them and this forced them to grow stronger So Aztec history has affected their worldview in the following ways: Religion and their gods have always played an important part in how they view the world. Their migration made them stronger as a culture and this gave them confidence and strength in how they viewed the world around them. How Did Aztec Social Systems Reflect Their Worldview Because religion and a sense of strength played a strong role in their daily lives, priests, nobles and warriors occupied the upper level of Aztec society. The only ways commoners could move up in class is if they joined the military or became priests. Education was important for all, as it was a means of passing on traditions and religious beliefs to all people. How Did the Aztec Political System Reflect Their Worldview Because of the importance of religion, the emperor held the most powerful position in Aztec politics...he was the representative of their most important god. No one could disobey him. If they did, they were disobeying the gods themselves. How Did the Aztec Economic System Reflect Their Worldview An important aspect of their economic system was based on paying tribute to the emperor. This was based on the importance of religion as the emperor was considered a representative of the gods. Tribute was made in the form of agricultural goods. Therefore the backbone of the Aztec economy was farming. How Did the Aztecs worldview influence their choices, decisions and customs? All choices, decisions and customs of the Aztecs was based on religion and the gods. All decisions were based on the omens and the power of the gods. THE SPANISH How Did the Spanish Worldview lead to their desire to expand their empire? The Spanish believed that the world was theirs to take for the glory of Spain. They believed that Spanish imperialism was their right. • They wanted new colonies to gain more wealth. • They felt it was their duty to convert non-Christians to Roman Catholicism. • They felt they needed a large empire to compete with Portugal. How did things like technology and disease contribute to the Spanish dominating the Aztecs Technology The Spanish had much better technology in the form of weapons than the Aztecs did. • Spanish had muskets, cannons as well as armour to use while fighting. The Aztecs simply had bows and spears. • Although not a technology, the Spanish also had horses that they rode in on. The Aztecs had never seen horses before. Disease Along with new technology, the Spanish also brought diseases with them that decimated the Aztec. • The Aztecs had no immunity for the new diseases as they had never been exposed. • The diseases that the Spanish brought ended up killing thousands of Aztecs. Psychological The Spanish also had a psychological advantage over the Aztecs. • The Aztecs thought that the Spanish were gods or demons and were also scared of them. • The Aztecs knew that their gods had vast powers and that they surely couldn’t defeat the Spanish whom they thought were gods. How were different Worldviews factors in conflict between the Spanish and the Aztecs Conflict of Religion The Aztecs respected and feared the gods, and thought that the Spanish leader was a god himself. Therefore they treated him with respect and open arms. The Spanish were on a mission to convert non-Christians to Christianity. They saw the non-Christian Aztecs as barbarians who needed change. Conflict of Expanding Empires The Aztecs were just starting to expand their empire in the only world they knew. The Spanish were out to expand their empire worldwide and would let nobody stand in their way. Conflict of War Tactics The Aztecs viewed war differently. They would rather negotiate first. If war was to follow, there were specific rules that they followed. Enemies were not to be killed, rather they were to be captured. The Spanish believed in killing anyone that opposed them in their pursuit of land and money.