Download Chapter 16, Section 2

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Malinalco wikipedia, lookup

Naucalpan wikipedia, lookup

Tepotzotlán wikipedia, lookup

Texcoco, State of Mexico wikipedia, lookup

Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire wikipedia, lookup

National Palace (Mexico) wikipedia, lookup

Templo Mayor wikipedia, lookup

Fall of Tenochtitlan wikipedia, lookup

Aztec warfare wikipedia, lookup

Aztec Empire wikipedia, lookup

Aztec cuisine wikipedia, lookup

Human sacrifice in Aztec culture wikipedia, lookup

Aztec religion wikipedia, lookup

Aztec society wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Chapter 16, Section 2 – The Aztecs
The Aztecs Build an Empire
 First Aztecs were farmers who migrated from the north to Central Mexico.
 They settled on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco
 Controlled a huge trade network & tributes from people they
conquered kept them rich
 The Aztec capital was called Tenochtitlan
 Built 3 wide causeways to connect the island to the shore
 Built canals that crisscrossed the city
 To help with farming, the Aztecs built floating gardens called chinampas
 Tenochtitlan had over 200,000 people, huge temples, busy markets, & a
grand palace
Aztec Society
Cultural Achievements
 Emperor (attended to law,
 Appreciated art & beauty
trade, tribute, & warfare)
 Made stone pyramids & statues
 Nobles (tax collectors,
 Gold, gems & feathers were used
judges, & gov’t officials)
to make masks
 Warriors & priests (led
 Valued learning
religious ceremonies,
 Studied astronomy & made a
passed down history,
calendar
decided when to plant &
 Wrote down historical records
harvest)
 Passed down stories from
 Merchants & artisans
generation to generation
 Farmers & laborers (the
majority of the pop)
 Slaves
Religion & Warfare
Cortes Conquers the Aztecs
 Worshipped many gods
 In the late 1400s, Spanish arrived
(polytheists) who they
in the Americas
believed controlled both
 In 1519, a group of conquistadors
nature & human activities
reached Mexico to claim land,
 To please the gods, they
look for gold, & convert to
sacrificed humans
Catholicism.
 They typically sacrificed
 Moctezuma II, the Aztec emperor,
slaves who were battle
welcomed Cortes, believing he
captives (10,000 people a
was the god Quetzalcoatl
year)
 Aztecs attacked & drove out the
 To supply enough victims,
conquistadors, but Moctezuma
they went to war frequently
was killed in battle
 Within a year, Cortes & his men
returned & defeated the Aztecs.
 They were able to defeat them
b/c they had help from other
people in the area, better
weapons, big horses, & brought
disease