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Unit 3: The Great Civilizations at the time of Columbus I. The Lords of Tenochtitlán 1. Describe the “first chapter of Mexican history” as explained in the text. 2. Describe the Aztecs in 3 sentences. 3. How did the Aztecs grow into a powerful nation? II. Tenochtitlán as the Center of an Empire 1. Explain how the Aztecs held control over their conquered foes. 2. What is the “terror” of the Aztecs? Describe it completely. 3. What impressed Hernán Cortés about the Aztecs? Name 4 things. III. Those above and those below 1. Describe the basic divisions of Aztec society. Also, how could you improve your class? 2. How were the different “classes” educated? 3. Explain the situation of the typical Aztec woman. IV. The Emperor Moctezuma II (15021520) 1. How did Moctezuma quickly start to behave as ruler? What was he, in all actuality? 2. How was MZ politically savvy? 3. How did MZ act like a god? V. Perú before the Incas 1. Compare and contrast the Chavín, Paracas, and Mochica cultures. 2. Describe the Ica-Nazca lines. 3. What took place between 600-1460 AD in Peru? VI. Children of the Sun 1. To what does the name “inca” refer? 2. Describe Garcilaso’s story of the Sun god. 3. Explain the history of territorial conquests of the Incas. VII. The Force of an Empire 1. Why is Cuzco important to Incan culture? 2. What is the mystery surrounding Machu Picchu? 3. Describe the military and administrative genius of the Inca. VIII. Life as a Common Citizen 1. Explain the values of the “puric”, or common citizen. 2. What is the “mita”? 3. How did the “puric” spend his/her time in the “ayllu”? IX. The Imperial Pyramid 1. Describe the organization of the imperial pyramid, using the correct terminology. 2. Explain the power of the ruling Inca. 3. How did the Sun Cult dominate the lives of the Inca? X. The Last Chapter 1. What crisis developed when Huayna Capac died suddenly? 2. Who was Atahualpa? 3. What did Francisco Pizarro do?