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Maya, Aztec, and Inca Study Guide
1. Where was the Maya civilization located?
2. Did the Maya have wheeled technology?
3. Which of the following did the Maya have: a system of writing, a system of numbers, a
calendar, or scientific tools? (circle all that apply)
4. What were the most important buildings in the Maya civilization?
5. The Aztecs built their civilization in the location of modern-day ______________________.
6. What was Aztec life like before they built their empire?
7. The Aztecs were known as what kind of people?
8. Describe features of the Aztec civilization.
9. Who was a prominent ruler of the Aztec Empire?
10. Describe the Aztec style of government.
11. What was unusual about the location of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan?
12. Why did the Aztecs constantly wage war?
Where were the Incas?
What is the name of the mountain range that extends through the Inca Empire?
What is the name for the sole ruler of the Inca Empire?
What is the name for the Inca tax collector and matchmaker?
Describe how the llama was an important animal for the Inca.
18. What is the purpose of the quipu?
19. How was farming possible for the Incas in the rugged mountains?
20. What do Cuzco, Machu Picchu, and Quito have in common?
21. Name the achievements of the Inca engineers.
22. Describe the Aztecs’ and Incas’ reaction and demeanor upon meeting the Spanish.
23. Which conquistadors invaded which empires?
24. What happened to the rulers of the Aztec and Inca empires during the invasions by the Spanish?
25. The Spaniards enjoyed rapid success in conquering the Aztec and Inca empires due to several
factors. What were those factors?