Download Aztec

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Tepotzotlán wikipedia, lookup

Templo Mayor wikipedia, lookup

Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire wikipedia, lookup

Texcoco, State of Mexico wikipedia, lookup

National Palace (Mexico) wikipedia, lookup

Fall of Tenochtitlan wikipedia, lookup

Aztec warfare wikipedia, lookup

Human sacrifice in Aztec culture wikipedia, lookup

Aztec Empire wikipedia, lookup

Aztec religion wikipedia, lookup

Aztec cuisine wikipedia, lookup

Aztec society wikipedia, lookup

AZTECS (1325-1521 AD)
1. The Aztecs built a rich and powerful empire in central _____________.
2. Life in the empire was shaped by social structure, religion, and
3. Hernán ______________ conquered the Aztec Empire in 1521.
 The first Aztecs settled on a swampy island in the middle of Lake
 Capital was _________________________________
 Problem: difficulty getting to & from the city
o Solution: built canals & ___________________, raised
roads above water or wet ground
 Problem: little area for farming
o Solution: created ______________ ______________
(chinampas), piled soil on top of rafts & anchored them to
trees that stood in the water
 __________, _______________, and _________________ made
the Aztec Empire strong and rich.
o War was a ___________ factor in the Aztecs’ rise to power
o demanded tribute payments from the people they
conquered...that cotton, gold, and food became vital to
their _____________________________
o controlled a huge _________________ network
TOP “level” was the _____________, head of society & his
__________________ – noble status passed from father to
son; sons attended school to learn responsibilities
Next _______________ & ___________________; priests led
religious ceremonies, passed down history, and, as keepers of
the calendars, decided when to plant and harvest
Then…_________________ & ____________________
____________________& _______________________
 _________________________
 Regularly provided _______________ __________________ as
tribute to their gods
o Sacrifices usually came from slaves or captives of war
 fine stone pyramids and statues
 used gold, gems, and bright feathers to make jewelry and masks
 embroidered colorful designs on the cloth they wove
 studied astronomy and devised a calendar much like the Maya
 kept detailed written records & had a strong oral tradition
 Examples of Aztec riddles:
o “What is a little blue-green jar filled with popcorn?”
the sky
o “What is a mountainside that has a spring of water in
it?”Our nose
 ______________________ (Spanish conquerors) arrived in
Mexico in 1519
 Led by Hernan _________________
 Wanted to _______ _________, _________ _________, &
______________ the natives
 Aztec emperor, ________________________ was said to have left
Mexico & was to return in the SAME year, 1519)
 Aztecs gave Cortes gold, but Cortes was dissatisfied & wanted
more; he took the emperor hostage & war broke out (Moctezuma
II was killed)
 Despite pushing the conquistadors out, Cortes returned with
more natives who were angry with the Aztecs for their harsh rule
 Spanish won with:
o ____________ _____________ – armor, cannons, swords
o ______________________
o Deadly ____________________ that wiped out natives