Download Romanticism Period - Washington Preparatory High School

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• Romanticism is a movement in art and literature
in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in
revolt against the Neoclassicism of the previous
• Neoclassicism the revival of a classical style or treatment in
art, literature, architecture, or music.
• It was partly a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, it was
also a revolt against the aristocratic social and political
norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against
the scientific rationalization of nature.
• Rationalization :refers to the replacement of traditions,
values, and emotions as motivators for behavior in society
• Although the movement was rooted in the German Sturm und
Drang movement, which prized intuition and emotion over
the rationalism of the Enlightenment, the events of and
ideologies that led to the French Revolution planted the
seeds from which both Romanticism and the CounterEnlightenment sprouted.
Sensibility: an awareness and responsiveness toward something.
Love of nature
Sympathetic interest in the past especially the medieval.
Primitivism- a belief in the superiority of a simple way of life and a nonindustrial society
Romanticism reached beyond the rational and Classicist ideal models to raise a revived medievalism and
elements of art and narrative perceived to be authentically medieval in an attempt to escape the confines
of population growth, urban sprawl, and industrialism. Romanticism embraced the exotic, the unfamiliar,
and the distant in modes more authentic than Rococo chinoiserie, harnessing the power of the
imagination to envision and to escape.
• The landscape was, on one hand regarded as an extension of
the human personality, capable of sympathy with mans
emotional state. On the other hand, it was regarded as a
vehicle for spirit just as man.
• Ludwig van Beethoven 1770 1827
• composer and pianist, regarded by
many as the first Romantic-era
composer, famous for his nine
symphonies, thirty-two piano sonatas,
sixteen string quartets, ten violin
sonatas and piano trios
• Édouard Du Puy 1770
1822 Swiss
• composer, singer, director
and violinist
• Franz Schubert 1797 1828 Austrian
• composer, best known for his
more than 600 lieder, chamber
music, piano works and
• Frederic Chopin 1810 1849
• composer and virtuoso pianist,
his output includes nocturnes,
ballade, scherzos, etudes, and a
number of Polish dances such as
mazurkas, polonaises, and
waltzes (including Minute
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
William Wordsworth
Francois-Rene de Chateaubriand
Konstantin Batyushkov
Adam Mickiewicz
Anne Louise Germaine de Stael-Holstein