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Explain the contribution of Maimonides to the development and expression of Judaism Maimonides contribution to Judaism is seen through his teachings and writings, which were a response to the current events during the time that Maimonides lived. Maimonides grew up during the Islamic conquest of Spain, where he was born. The Muslims gave Jew’s residing there 3 options; conversion, exile and death. If a Jew chose exile they would be posed with the problem of how to practice their faith away from other adherents, because prayer within a community is one of the essential elements of Judaism. Also in that society the average person was uneducated, meaning that many Jew’s were unsure of how to interpret the teachings within the Torah. In response to these pressing issues and also to raise awareness of the Jewish faith to officials with other beliefs Maimonides composed four books, which are currently studied by orthodox, reform and liberal Jew’s alike. The table below summarises the contents of some of his books and how they have changed the way in which Judaism is expressed. Book Contribution to Judaism Book of Provides the 613 Mitzvot in a catergorised list and commandments includes the criteria used to evaluate if each commandment should or should not be included. This book excludes the ramblings of the Torah and provide the commandments of God in a simple easy to read text for Jew and non-Jew alike Mishneh Torah Contains a comprehensive code for Jew’s to live by. It also contains details on Jewish rituals, civil laws and discusses the Messiah. This book is a simple guideline for the average Jew Guide for the A guide to the Jewish faith, with an attempt to Perplexed combine Aristotelian philosophy with Jewish theology. It also describes the Jewish faith without the dichotomies of the sacred and the secular linking it to the wider community. 13 Principles of A simple summary of the main aspects of Judaism Faith that enables exiled Jew’s to practice their faith until such point as they are able to join a Jewish community. It also summarises the Jewish faith for a non-Jew. Maimonides teachings also influenced the development and expression of Judaism as they provided the faith with a framework of values by which to live by. Maimonides teachings include those on free will, God and charity. These teachings also allowed the average Jew to make sense of the Torah’s teachings and gave them their morals.