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Lesson 8 Day 1
You will need a pencil, paper, your
reading book.
Turn to Student Edition page 224.
Let’s look at the chart on that page.
The ow in cow stands for the /ou/ sound.
ow can also stand for the /ō/ sound.
The two words beneath cow also have the /ou/
 Which word uses the spelling ou and which word
uses the spelling ow?
 In the word cow, the /ou/ sound is spelled ow.
Look at the other column on the chart.
The word boy has the sound /oi/.
oy is one way of spelling the sound /oi/.
Read the words listed beneath boy.
Which word uses the spelling oi for the /oi/
sound? Which word uses the spelling oy for the
/oi/ sound?
Sort the following words by words that contain the
/ou/ sound and words that contain the /oi/ sound:
/ou/ sound—how, loud, pouch
/oi/ sound—coin, boil, toy
Spelling/Phonics Practice
 Read the sentences on page 225.
 Copy the chart, and write each
underlined word from the sentences in
the correct column. Underline the
letters that stand for /ou/ and /oi/.
Spelling Pretest
1. foil
2. loud
3. gown
4. coil
5. house
6. annoy
7. growl
8. moist
9. enjoy
10. round
11. spoil
12. mouse
13. clown
14. bounce
15. cowboy
16. eyebrows
17. voyage
18. boiling
19. cloudy
20. avoid
Main Idea and Details
 The main idea is the most important idea in a
paragraph. It is often found in the first or last
sentence of a paragraph, but it can be found in
the middle.
 Details are facts and statements that support and
explain the main idea.
 Turn to Student Edition page 203.
 As I read the first paragraph, I see that the first
sentence is “Officer Mike and Aero are partners.”
This tells me what this paragraph is about. As I
continue reading, I look for details that support
and explain that sentence.
 Pick out the first supporting detail from the third
paragraph on page 203. How does it support the
main idea of that paragraph?
Main Idea and Details
 Write in your notebook the
supporting details in the paragraph.
Afterwards, explain how these
details support the main idea in the
Listening Comprehension
 You will be listening to a nonfiction selection
about wild animals that help each other in
unusual ways.
 Nonfiction gives ideas and information about
a topic.
 As I read aloud the first paragraph of “Weird
Friends,” I see that this selection is about
animals that help each other. The selection
is nonfiction, so I expect to read facts and
explanations about animals helping one
Listening Comprehension
 A main idea is the most important idea in a
paragraph. It often is found at the beginning or
end of the paragraph. The main idea is supported
by details that give information about it.
 Listen for main ideas and supporting details as I
read “Weird Friends.”
 A long piece of nonfiction may have more than one
main idea.
 After Reading:
 Summarize how at least one pair of “Weird
Friends” help each other.
 How do you know “Weird Friends” is nonfiction?
 The crocodile went charging home because its
nest was in danger.
 If an animal is charging, it is rushing or moving
quickly towards something or someone.
 If a strange dog were charging you, would you
run or stand still?
 The ferocious crocodile protected the “water
thick-knees” bird.
 A ferocious animal is angry and dangerous.
 Are most dogs you know gentle or ferocious?
 Two bull elks crash horns to see who is
 The strongest or most powerful member of a
group is dominant.
 Which is dominant, a puppy or a grown cat?
 Two arctic hares hit each other because they
are in a conflict.
 If two animals are fighting, they are in a
conflict. If you are arguing with someone, you
are in a conflict with each other.
 Do you talk about conflict or argue about it?
 An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or
phrase that is used in place of the whole word or
 Most abbreviations begin with a capital letter and
end with a period.
 Mr.
 Mr. is the abbreviation for Mister.
 Mrs. is the abbreviation for Mistress.
 St. is the abbreviation for Street.
 Pl. is the abbreviation for Place.
 Notice how each abbreviation is capitalized and
ends with a period.
Grammar Practice
The following sentences include abbreviations.
Identify each abbreviation. What does the
abbreviation stand for? Remember most
abbreviations begin with a capital letter and end
with a period.
Mrs. Brown lives in Orlando.
The mayor’s office is on Main St.
The school on Rose Pl. is near my house?
I asked Mr. Sanchez for help with my homework.
My full name is Anthony James Flynn, Jr.
Underhill Rd. goes near Beartown Mountain.
My favorite teacher is Ms. Kim.
Miss Lu moved to Benton Ave.
 “The Leaping Gray Whale” is a
paragraph that describes. A descriptive
paragraph uses vivid and precise words
to create a picture of its topic. Vivid
words help a reader hear, see, smell,
taste, or feel what is happening. Precise
words give specific information about the
 As I read the paragraph, identify the vivid
and precise words that make a picture of
the gray whale.
Writing cont.
 Read the following paragraph with
 The Leaping Gray Whale
We waited for the gray whale to come to the
surface. Finally, it rose out of the blue-green water,
and the sunlight flashed on the whale’s enormous,
bumpy back. It was crusted with hundreds of
barnicles. We were close enough to see the
creature’s round, friendly eye. A gushing stream of
water shot from its blowhole. Then, the whale raised
its huge tail and slapped it on the water with an earsplitting crash. Finally, the whale sank slowly into
the sea.
Writing cont.
 A description:
 Uses vivid words that appeal to the senses.
 Uses precise words that give specific information
about the topic.
 The sun was hot.
 Some ants were in the kitchen.
 These underlined words are not vivid or precise.
 The sun was glowing.
 The word glowing gives a better picture of what
the sun was like.
 What vivid or precise words could replace the
word some?