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Transcript
Vocab
Evidence
of
Evolution
MacroEvolution
Classification
Misc.
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200
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300
300
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400
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500
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500
Theory of
Evolution
He traveled to the Galapagos
Islands on the HMS Beagle and
observed similar species suited
to their particular environment.
A 100
Who is Charles Darwin?
A 100
This person suggested
that there would soon
be insufficient food and
living space for the
growing population.
A 200
Who is Malthus?
A 200
He proposed that giraffes got their
long necks from stretching them.
(the idea of use and disuse)
A 300
Who is Lamarck?
A 300
Geologists that proposed Earth to
be many millions of years old,
older than anyone believed.
A 400
Who is Hutton and Lyell?
A 400
Process by which individuals
better suited to their
environment can survive and
reproduce most successfully.
A 500
What is
Natural Selection or
Survival of the Fittest?
A 500
A long, slow change in
organisms over long
periods of time.
B 100
What is Evolution?
B 100
Any inherited trait or
characteristic that
increases an organism’s
chances for survival.
B 200
WhatisisAdaptation?
adaptation?
What
B 200
A sudden change in the
sequence of DNA
B 300
What is a Mutation?
B 300
The combined genetic
make-up of ALL the
members of a
population.
B 400
What is a Gene Pool?
B 400
A process in which HUMANS
choose the most desirable
traits of a population for
breeding purposes.
B 500
What is Artificial Selection
Or Selective Breeding?
B 500
Preserved or
mineralized remains of
organisms usually found
in sedimentary rock.
C 100
What are Fossils?
C 100
Structures that have similar
origin and structure but are
adapted for different purposes
(Example: Human arm/Bat wing)
C 200
What are
Homologous Structures?
C 200
•Fossil Records
•Geographical Distribution
•Homologous Structures
•Vestigial Organs
•Similarities in Embryology
•Similarities in DNA
C 300
What is
Evidence of Evolution?
C 300
DAILY
Place A Wager
DOUBLE
C 400
Appendix in Humans
Leg Bones in Whales
C 400
What are examples of
Vestigial Structures?
C 400
The early stages of
development in organisms in
which there are many
similarities among different
species.
C 500
What is Embryology?
C 500
This may happen if a
species lacks the variations
necessary to adapt to a
changing environment.
D 100
What is Die and
Become Extinct?
D 100
Two populations are capable of
interbreeding but have
differences in courtship rituals or
other reproductive strategies that
involve behavior.
(ex: Eastern and Western Meadowlarks)
D 200
What is Behavioral Isolation?
D 200
Two populations are separated
by geographic barriers such as
rivers, mountains, or other
bodies of water.
D 300
What is Geographic Isolation?
D 300
Two or more species
reproduce at different times
and therefore, cannot
interbreed.
D 400
What is Temporal Isolation?
D 400
When the Industrial Revolution
began the tree trunks and buildings
blackened with soot. Moths that
were darker in color blended in with
their environment better than lightcolored moths. This is an example
of
D 500
What is
Natural Selection (in favor of
more darkly colored
individuals).
D 500
A Swedish botanist that
developed a two-word
naming system
(Science of Taxonomy)
E 100
Who is Linnaeus?
E 100
The broadest, largest
category of classification organisms have the fewest
traits in common
E 200
What is Domain?
E 200
The most specific level of
classification in which
organisms have the most
traits in common
A Genus is composed of a
number of these
E 300
What is Species?
E 300
The 2-word scientific naming
of an organism
E 400
What is
Binomial Nomenclature?
E 400
The two levels of
classification used to
identify an organism
E 500
What is
Genus and Species?
E 500
All the individuals of a
species that live
together in one area.
(Example: Alligators in
the Florida Everglades)
F 100
What is a Population?
F 100
Differences such as
fur color shape of teeth
beak sizes shapes in shells
F 200
What is Variation?
F 200
A tool used by scientists
to identify organisms
F 300
What is a
Dichotomous Key?
F 300
The two main sources of
genetic variation
F 400
What is gene shuffling
and mutations?
F 400
A diagram used to show
evolutionary relationships
among organisms.
F 500
What is
A Cladogram?
F 500
The Final Jeopardy Category is:
TAXONOMY
Please record your wager.
What scientists believe
might explain why many
bones of fossil
vertebrates are similar
to those in living
vertebrates.
What is a
Common Ancestor?
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