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Transcript
1.3 Ten themes unify
the study of life
Mrs. Kerstetter
Biology
Biological Systems

System= a complex organization formed from
a combination of smaller parts
Has properties based on the arrangement and
interaction of its parts
 Examples:

Your body!
 Ecosystem

Cellular Basis of Life


All organisms are made of cells
Most multicellular organisms have cells that are
specialized for different functions


What does specialized mean?
Most multicellular organisms have higher levels of
organization

Interaction of cells determines development and survival
Celltissueorgansystemorganism
Form and Function

How something works is related to its structure


AKA “form fits function”
What are some examples in nature where “form
fits function?”
Reproduction and Inheritance

“Like begets like”



Organisms reproduce their own kind
Genes (units of genetic information) are
responsible for family inheritance
Genes are made of DNA
Each cell contains copy of ALL DNA in your
genome
 Inherited info in the form of DNA enables
organisms to reproduce their own kind

Interaction with the Environment


Each organisms interacts continuously with its
environment
Imp in an ecosystem (of which we are a part!)
Transfer of chemicals b/w organisms and the
environments
 React to environmental stimuli

Energy and Life

Energy is needed in chemical form


Carbohydrates, lipids, etc.
Ecosystem
Regulation


Homeostasis= regulation of internal
conditions
Examples?
Adaptation and Evolution




Adaptation= an inherited trait that helps an organism’s
ability to survive and reproduce
Population= localized group of organisms of the
same species
Natural selection= individuals with beneficial
variations may live longer and produce more offspring
than those that don’t
Evolution= generation-to-generation change in the
proportion of different inherited genes in a population
Biology and Society






DNA
Medicine
Agriculture
Pharmaceuticals
Environmental issues
Genetics
Scientific Inquiry
=asking questions about nature
=using observations or experiments to to find
possible answers