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Transcript
Darwin and Genesis
Pacific Apologetics Center
EvidenceandAnswers.org
Hawaii Apologetics
Conference 2014
Friday, Feb 28, 6:30 –
9 PM
Sat, March 1, 3-8:30
PM
Hawaii Apologetics Conference
2014
Feb 28- March 2
Kalihi Union Church
Schedule
Friday, Feb 28, 6:30 – 9 PM
Sat, March 1, 3-8 PM
Sunday Service at Kalihi Union
Seminar Topics
Is Jesus the Only way?
Resurrection: The Ultimate Proof
False Views of the Afterlife
Ghosts and Paranormal Activity
Near Death Experiences
The Wonder of Heaven
Shroud of Turin
Hawaii Apologetics Conference
2014
Feb 28- March 2
Kalihi Union Church
Speakers
Dr. Gary Habermas
Dr. Ron
Rhodes
Dr. Bong Ro
Darwin and Genesis
Pacific Apologetics Center
EvidenceandAnswers.org
Most Founders of Modern Science
were Theists
• Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) Celestial
Mechanics, Physical Astronomy
• Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) Hydrostatics
• Robert Boyle (1627-1691) Chemistry,Gas
Dynamics
• Nicolaus Steno (1638-1687) Stratigraphy
• Isaac Newton (1642-1727) Calculus
• Michael Faraday (1791-1867) Magnetic
Theory
• Charles Babbage (1792-1871) Computer
Science
• Louis Agassiz (1807-1873) Glacial Geology,
Ichthyology
• James Simpson (1811-1870) Gynecology
• Gregor Mendel (1822-1884) Genetics
• Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)
Bacteriology
• Lord Kelvin (1824-1907) Energetics,
Thermodynamics
• Joseph Lister (1827-1912) Antiseptic Surgery
• James Maxwell (1831-1879) Electrodynamics
Statistical Thermodynamics
• William Ramsay (1852-1916) Isotopic
Chemistry
Johannes Kepler
(1571-1630):
• "May God make it come to pass that my
delightful speculation [in Mysterium
Cosmographicum] have everywhere among
reasonable men fully the effect which I
strove to obtain in the publication; namely,
that the belief in the creation of the world be
fortified through this external support...."
(cited by Holton, Origins, 84)
Sir Isaac Newton
(1642-1727):
• “It is not to be conceived that mere mechanical
causes could give birth to so many regular motions,
since the comets range over all parts of the
heavens in very eccentric orbits.... This most
beautiful system of the sun, planets, and comets,
could only proceed from the counsel and dominion
of an intelligent and powerful Being." ("Scholium,"
369)
Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
• Darwinism is a comprehensive
philosophy stating that all life
can be explained by natural
causes acting randomly – which
implies no need for a creator.
• If God did not create the world,
then the entire body of Christian
belief collapses.
Conclusions of Darwinism
• Dr. Provine further states
that Darwinism ultimately
means, “No life after death,
no absolute foundation for
right and wrong, no ultimate
meaning for life, no free will.”
– Biologist, William Provine, Cornell
University quoted in Case for a
Creator p. 16.
Dr. William Provine
Oxford Evolutionist
• “The more you understand the significance
of evolution, the more you are pushed away
from an agnostic position and towards
atheism.”
– Richard Dawkins quoted in Case for a Creator,
p. 21
In the Beginning. .
Genesis
• In the Beginning
God created …
• Created for a
purpose
• Our life has
meaning
• Life after death
•
•
•
•
Darwinian Evolution
Cosmic accident
No ultimate purpose
for our existence
Our lives have no
ultimate meaning
Death and
extinction
Defining Key Terms
•
•
•
•
•
Evolution
Micro Evolution
Macro Evolution
Common Descent
Intelligent Design
Defining Key Terms
Darwinian Evolution
• The diversity of life on earth is the outcome
of evolution: an unsupervised, impersonal,
unpredictable and natural process of
temporal descent with genetic modification
that is affected by natural selection, chance
historical contingencies and changing
environments.
– American National Association of Biology
Teachers 1995
Defining Key Terms: Evolution
• Evolution - the belief that undirected
mechanistic processes can account for all
the diverse and complex living organisms
that exists. There is no long range plan or
purpose in the history of life.
Darwinism
“Man is the result of a
purposeless and natural process
that did not have him in mind.”
George Gaylord Simpson
(Architect of Neo
Darwinism)
“Man must understand that he is a
mere accident.”
Jacques Monod
Defeating Darwinism
Defining Key Terms
• Micro-evolution - Refers to minor variations
that occur within a species over time.
• Macro-evolution - refers to the emergence of
major innovations or the unguided development
of new structures, new organs, and body plans.
Includes changes above the species level,
especially a new phyla or class
Defeating Darwinism
Microevolution
within type
Macroevolution
across types
Defeating Darwinism
Defining Key Terms
• Common Descent - the theory that all
currently living organisms are descended
from a common ancestor
• Intelligent Design - belief that the earth and
biological life owe their existence to a
purposeful, intelligent creator
Darwin’s Fatal Flaws
Defeating Darwinism
Thinking Through the Issues
• Evolution is missing the
mechanism for change
– Natural selection cannot account for
macroevolutionary change in species
– Mutations cannot produce
macroevolutionary change in species
Defeating Darwinism
Natural Selection
Drosophila fruit
flies have been
mutated
endlessly.
Geneticists have
made some
strange looking
fruit flies but they
are still fruit flies.
Origin of Complex Adaptations
“What is the use of their unceasing
mutations? . . . a swing to the right, a
swing to the left, but no final
evolutionary effect.”
Pierre-Paul Grasse’ quoted in Natural
Limits, p. 88.
Recognized Neonatologist-pediatrician
• “I have been a neonatologistpediatrician for over 30 years, and I
have seen hundreds of mutation
affected infants, and read about
thousands more in the medical
literature. And I have never seen a real
live “good” mutation. In fact, the
medical literature is full of reports
showing how even a small one amino
acid mistake/mutation in the
phenomenally complex DNA can
cause a profound problem.”
– Dr. Reginald Tsang, U of Cincinnati
Minor Changes, not Major
Carp: Minor Changes
Phyla: Major Changes
Molluscs Arthropods
Echinoderms
Defeating Darwinism
Thinking Through the Issues
• Evolution is missing the mechanism for
change
– Natural selection cannot account for
macroevolutionary change in species
– Mutations do not create
macroevolutionary changes
• The Fossil Record
Defeating Darwinism
Fossil Record
Defeating Darwinism
Fossil Record
Recent
Tertiary
Recent
Cambrian
Cretacious
600 million
years
Jurassic
Triassic
Permian
Carboniferous
Formation
of the
Earth
Devonian
4.5 billion
years
Ordovician
Silurian
Cambrian
Cambrian Explosion
Corals Mollusks Arthropods Brachiopods Echinoderms Vertebrates
440
Mill
ion
530
Mill
ion
570
Mill
ion
570
Mill
ion
550
Mill
ion
PreCambrian 4 Billion Years
450
Mill
ion
Time magazine (1995)
Cambrian Explosion
“New discoveries show that life as we know it began
in an amazing biological frenzy that changed the
planet almost overnight.”
Cambrian Explosion
• “The major animal groups appear in
the fossil record as Athena did from
the head of Zeus - full blown and
raring to go.”
– Evolutionist Jeffrey Schwartz
Defeating Darwinism
Thinking Through the Issues
• Evolution is missing the mechanism for
change
– Natural selection cannot account for change in
species
– Mutations cannot explain change in species
• The Fossil Record
• Cambrian Explosion
• No evidence life came from non-life
HOW DID LIFE COME FROM NONLIFE?
Primordial Soup Theory
• There is no evidence of life arising from
non-life.
• Scientist have never shown how life came
from non-life
Urey-Miller Experiment
Miller – Urey Experiment
Flaws in Miller-Urey Experiment
• Urey assumed the earth’s
atmosphere was the same as
interstellar gas clouds (hydrogen,
methane, ammonia, and water
vapor)
• However, the earth’s atmosphere
was formed by gases from
volcanoes.
• Volcanoes release water vapor,
carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and
hydrogen.
Flaws in Miller-Urey Experiment
• The earth’s atmosphere was different from the
atmosphere of the experiment.
• The presence of Oxygen, no methane or
ammonia!
Atheist Acknowledges a Divine
Intelligence
• Darwin saw that there was a
“problem with the origin of life. It
is simply out of the question that
the first living matter evolved out
of dead matter and then
developed into an extraordinary,
complicated creature of which
we have no examples. There
must have been some
intelligence.” (Antony Flew)
– Christian Research Journal, Volume
28/No. 3/2005, p. 42-43.
Fazal Rana
• Their research seemed to turn up more dead
ends than fruitful avenues to study. They also
started probing the geochemical and fossil
records of Earth’s earliest rocks – data that
establish time constraints for beginning of life
scenarios. In addition, researchers began
applying information theory to the origin-oflife dilemma and started to understand life’s
minimal complexity. Problems grew
increasingly insurmountable. The thrills of
early decades of research gave way to
growing frustration and pessimism.
•
Fazal Rana and Hugh Ross, 25.
Dr. Richard Dawkins
Evidence for God Still Stands
• The Argument from First Cause – The
Universe Has a Beginning
• The Design Argument – The Universe
Displays Design
• The Moral Argument – There is a Universal
Moral Law
Dealing with Evolution in the
Classroom
•
•
•
•
Don’t challenge but listen (Proverbs 18:13)
Ask good questions (Proverbs 18:15)
Learn the evolution arguments
Parents know the issues and be able to
discuss them intelligently
Great DVDs
Websites