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Transcript
Atomic Structure- History
Modern Day Scientists
– Dalton
• atoms could not be divided
• all elements of a given element are the same
• different atoms could join to form compounds
– Thomson
• the plum pudding model
• negatively-charged "plums” surrounded by positivelycharged "pudding”
– Rutherford http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/essentialchemistry/flash/ruther14.swf
• atom is made up of a central charge surrounded by a
cloud of orbiting electrons
– Bohr
• electrons are in levels around the nucleus
Next week
Structure of the Atom
Particle
Charge
Mass
(atomic
mass units)
1
Location
Proton
positive
+
Neutron
neutral
Ø
1
nucleus
Electron
negative
-
0.0006
orbit, level,
cloud
nucleus
• End here if did notes on same day of
History of the Atom video.
The Nucleus
A 1946 test of an atomic bomb in the lagoon at Bikini atoll. The
explosion has just started; surplus ships moored nearby can still be
seen.
The nucleus
– the center of the atom composed
of protons and neutrons
– held together by four forces
(electromagnetic, strong , weak, and gravity)
– 99.9% of the atom’s mass is here
– about 100,000 times smaller than
the entire atom
– the atomic number of an atom is the number of
protons in the nucleus
– the atomic mass or mass number of an atom is
the sum of the protons and neutrons
– Isotopes
atoms with the same number of protons (and
therefore the same element) but with a different
number of neutrons.