Bridging the Climate and Water Agenda UNDP and UN-Water priorities Barcelona, November 2009 Joakim Harlin Senior Water Resources Advisor Water Governance Programme A world rich in water for some …But millions of the world’s people lack access to safe water not because of scarcity, but because they are locked out by poverty, inequality and failures of governance. UNDP Human Development Report 2006 Source: Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, 2007. Water Related Climate Change Impacts TEMPERTURE, PRECIPTION, EVAPOTRANSPIRATION Heat waves Glacial Mean annual changes outbursts Changes in seasonality Changes in inter-annual variability Changes in intensity Flooding, Monsoon change in extreme events Changes Drought Storm intensification Air, water pollution inundation Ecosystem collapse Hydrological, glacial changes Water Agriculture •Irrigation •Runoff -Net Crop Water •Water Supply/Yield Warming, Demand •Floodsretreat & Droughts glacial •Rain fed •Water Quality • Yield Impacts •Erosion Drought Disease range expansion Health Infrastructure Desertification •Transportation •Malaria •Urban Storm water •Waterborne Fisheries •Flood Control diseases disruption •Dams, pipes and canals etc Fires Coral loss Energy •Hydropower •Thermal Cooling Impacts on water resources affects the poor • Water scarcity • Floods & extreme weather • Water related diseases • Sea level rise Towards adaptation apartheid • 1 in 19 people in developing countries vs 1 in 1,500 in developed countries affected by disasters • Poor predisposed to convert risk into vulnerability • Long term effects –Indian women born during a flood in 1970s -19% less likely to attend school • US$279 million pledged -10% delivered Promoting coherence in and coordination of, UN system actions • UN Agencies and Programs FAO, UNESCO, WHO, WMO, UNEP, UNDP, UNICEF, ...24 Agencies • Non-UN Partners GWP, WWC, SIWI, ...and others The UN System Delivering as One.... A strategic joint framework of activities, e.g. Focus Areas •Adaptation (collectively) •Technology Transfer (UNIDO, UN-DESA) •Reduction of emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) (UNDP, FAO, UNEP) •Financing mitigation and adaptation action (UNDP, World Bank Group) •Capacity Building (UNDP, UNEP) Cross-cutting areas include: •Climate knowledge: Science, assessment, monitoring and early warning (WMO, UNESCO) •Support global, regional and national action (UNDESA, UN Regional Commissions, UNDP) •Public awareness (UNCG, UNEP) Supporting Adaptation Through adaptation interventions we are attempting to move from reactive and ad hoc toward anticipatory & deliberative adaptation anticipatory Adaptation projects ad hoc deliberative Disaster response Historical experience reactive No-regrets Climate change impact Adaptation response Current climate variability impact on water resources Current ability to cope with variability and manage water resources Paradigm Shift Climate change impact Climate change impact Adaptation response Current climate variability impact on water resources Current ability to cope with variability and manage water resources For CC-Water UNDPs role is to: • Raise awareness of water and climate issues and integrate climate change consideration into water governance reform, participatory scenario planning and capacity building for WRM & WSS • Enhance national capacities in the developing countries to mainstream climate change into water resource management and decision making processes • Assess financing requirements, sources and flows for adaptation response measures UNDPs role, cont. • Support vertically integrated development, coordination and implementation of water related CC adaptation strategies – transboundary, national, local scales (IWRM). • Capacity building and knowledge management. • Facilitate a coordinated UN system support at national level Examples of UNDP CC-A actions • A training manual on IWRM and Climate Change has been developed by Cap-Net with WMO, UNESCOIHE. • Training materials on urban flood management, community flood management, integrated flood management etc by Cap-Net. • The UNDP adaptation portfolio is worth approximately 200 million USD of which 14 M USD are water related adaptation projects. 58 countries. • UNDP supports 29 Least Developed Countries to prepare (NAPAs), & assists with the implementation of identified adaptation priorities. Some good news … Good investment! Water and sanitation investments generate broad economic benefits that considerably outweigh the costs. The average economic benefit of a $1 investment in sanitation is $9.1 return and $4.4 on water Global commitment to make rapid progress! Water and sanitation impacts all the MDG’s goal 7 is about halving, by 2015, the proportion of people without safe drinking water and basic sanitation. More sustainable water resources management – advancing IWRM It is imperative to recognize the pivotal role of water TO MAKE IT in adapting to climate change in HAPPEN…. order to increase resilience and achieve sustainable development!