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Transcript
Bridging the Climate and Water Agenda
UNDP and UN-Water priorities
Barcelona, November 2009
Joakim Harlin
Senior Water Resources Advisor
Water Governance Programme
A world rich in water for some
…But millions of the world’s people
lack access to safe water not because
of scarcity, but because they are locked
out by poverty, inequality and failures
of governance.
UNDP Human Development Report 2006
Source: Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, 2007.
Water Related Climate Change Impacts
TEMPERTURE, PRECIPTION, EVAPOTRANSPIRATION
Heat waves
Glacial
Mean annual changes
outbursts
Changes in seasonality
Changes in inter-annual variability
Changes in intensity
Flooding,
Monsoon
change in extreme events
Changes
Drought
Storm
intensification
Air, water
pollution
inundation
Ecosystem
collapse
Hydrological,
glacial changes
Water
Agriculture
•Irrigation
•Runoff
-Net Crop Water
•Water Supply/Yield
Warming,
Demand
•Floodsretreat
& Droughts
glacial
•Rain fed
•Water Quality
• Yield Impacts
•Erosion
Drought
Disease range
expansion
Health
Infrastructure
Desertification
•Transportation
•Malaria
•Urban Storm water
•Waterborne
Fisheries
•Flood Control
diseases
disruption
•Dams, pipes and
canals etc
Fires
Coral loss
Energy
•Hydropower
•Thermal Cooling
Impacts on water resources
affects the poor
• Water scarcity
• Floods & extreme weather
• Water related diseases
• Sea level rise
Towards adaptation apartheid
• 1 in 19 people in developing
countries vs 1 in 1,500 in
developed countries affected by
disasters
• Poor predisposed to convert risk
into vulnerability
• Long term effects –Indian women
born during a flood in 1970s -19%
less likely to attend school
• US$279 million pledged -10%
delivered
Promoting coherence in and coordination of,
UN system actions
• UN Agencies and Programs
FAO, UNESCO, WHO, WMO,
UNEP, UNDP, UNICEF,
...24 Agencies
• Non-UN Partners
GWP, WWC, SIWI,
...and others
The UN System Delivering as One....
A strategic joint framework of activities, e.g.
Focus Areas
•Adaptation (collectively)
•Technology Transfer (UNIDO, UN-DESA)
•Reduction of emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) (UNDP, FAO,
UNEP)
•Financing mitigation and adaptation action (UNDP, World Bank Group)
•Capacity Building (UNDP, UNEP)
Cross-cutting areas include:
•Climate knowledge: Science, assessment, monitoring and early warning (WMO,
UNESCO)
•Support global, regional and national action (UNDESA, UN Regional
Commissions, UNDP)
•Public awareness (UNCG, UNEP)
Supporting Adaptation
Through adaptation interventions we are attempting to move from
reactive and ad hoc toward anticipatory & deliberative adaptation
anticipatory
Adaptation
projects
ad hoc
deliberative
Disaster
response
Historical
experience
reactive
No-regrets
Climate change impact
Adaptation
response
Current climate variability impact
on water resources
Current ability to cope with
variability and manage water
resources
Paradigm Shift
Climate
change
impact
Climate
change
impact
Adaptation
response
Current
climate
variability
impact on
water
resources
Current ability to cope
with variability and
manage water
resources
For CC-Water UNDPs role is to:
• Raise awareness of water and climate issues and
integrate climate change consideration into water
governance reform, participatory scenario
planning and capacity building for WRM & WSS
• Enhance national capacities in the developing
countries to mainstream climate change into water
resource management and decision making
processes
• Assess financing requirements, sources and flows
for adaptation response measures
UNDPs role, cont.
• Support vertically integrated development,
coordination and implementation of water related
CC adaptation strategies – transboundary,
national, local scales (IWRM).
• Capacity building and knowledge management.
• Facilitate a coordinated UN system support at
national level
Examples of UNDP CC-A actions
• A training manual on IWRM and Climate Change has
been developed by Cap-Net with WMO, UNESCOIHE.
• Training materials on urban flood management,
community flood management, integrated flood
management etc by Cap-Net.
• The UNDP adaptation portfolio is worth approximately
200 million USD of which 14 M USD are water related
adaptation projects. 58 countries.
• UNDP supports 29 Least Developed Countries to
prepare (NAPAs), & assists with the implementation of
identified adaptation priorities.
Some good news …

Good investment!
Water and sanitation investments generate
broad economic benefits that considerably
outweigh the costs. The average economic
benefit of a $1 investment in sanitation is
$9.1 return and $4.4 on water
Global commitment to make rapid
progress!
Water and sanitation impacts all the MDG’s goal 7 is about halving, by 2015, the
proportion of people without safe drinking
water and basic sanitation.
More sustainable water resources
management – advancing IWRM
It is imperative to recognize
the pivotal
role of water
TO MAKE
IT in
adapting to climate change in
HAPPEN….
order to increase resilience
and achieve sustainable
development!