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CGE Workshop on Exchange of Experience and Good Practices amonng Parties not included in
Annex I to the Convention in Preparing National Communications and on Cross-cutting Issues
20-22 September 2007, Egypt Cairo
Building and Sustaining Capacities to Prepare
National Communications
- Case of the Republic of Korea -
Jaekyu Lim
Korea Energy Economics Institute
Outline of Presentation
 Context and status of National Communication
 Capacity building activities (in-country / external)
 Institutions involved
 Results / Critical Success Factors
 Key Lessons Learned
Context and Status of National Communications
 Initial NC submitted in Feb. 1998
 2nd NC submitted in Dec. 2003
– Using the guideline for Parties included in AnnexⅠto
the Convention (FCCC/1999/L.3/Add.1)
– More systematic approach for the preparation
• National project with full support from government
• Joint research and preparation with research institutes,
academics, government officials, etc.
 Self-assessment and review on 2nd NC
– Methodological approaches
– Credibility of results and findings
– Sections required to improve quality and credibility
Context and Status of National Communications
 Preparation of 3rd NC at final stage
– Use of similar institutional and human resource
arrangement to 2nd NC
– Improvement of methodological approaches on
inventory and projection of GHG emissions
– Emphasis on mitigation assessment with special
technical modeling efforts
– Balanced approach on mitigation and adaptation
– Planned to finalize the Korean version by Dec. 2007
– Planned to submit to UNFCCC at May 2008
Context and Status of National Communications
 Contents of 3rd NC : 9 Chapters
Executive Summary
National Circumstances
Greenhouse Gas Inventory
Policies and Measures
Projections of Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Vulnerability Assessment, Climate Change Impacts and
Adaptation Measures
– Financial Resources and Technology Transfer
– Research and Systematic Observation
– Education, Training and Public Awareness
Capacity Building Activities
 Research project (2004~2006) on methodological
improvement and mitigation assessment
– Improvement of national GHG inventory system
– Modeling, data gathering and analysis for GHG projection
– Modeling & analysis for mitigation assessment of
different sectors (i.e. energy, agriculture, waste, etc.)
 Research project (2005~2007) on CC impact
assessment and development of adaptation strategies
– Assessment of CC impacts on sectorial levels
– Identification of climate vulnerability
– Development of an integrated and effective nationwide
adaptation strategies
Participation in various training programs & workshops
Institutions Involved
Inventory & Projection
Policies and Measures
Review &
Scientific Analysis,
Observation, etc.
Tech. Transfer &
Public Awareness
 4 task-forces, 1 coordination and review group
– Each TF consists of experts, officials, stakeholders, etc.
– Information and data gathering, analysis and preparation
– The group consists of TF leaders, experts and officials.
 12 institutions, 12 ministries, academics, etc.
 Formal approval by Inter-Ministerial Committee
Institutions Involved
Environmental Management Corp.
Korea Meteorological Administration
Korea Energy Economics Institute
Korea Forest Service
Korea Energy Management Corp.
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
Korea Environment institute
Ministry of Commerce, Industry & Ene.
Korea Environment institute
Ministry of Construction and Trans.
Korea Forest Research Institute
Ministry of Environment
Korea Institute of Construction Tech.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Korea Ocean and Development Inst.
Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fishes
Korea Transport Institute
Ministry of Science and Technology
Meteorological Research Institute
National Statistical Office
National Institute of Agricultural
Science and Technology
Office for Government Policy Coordi.
National Livestock Research Institute
Rural Development Administration
…..including academics, NGOs and stakeholders
Results / Critical Success Factors
 Improved quality, transparency and credibility of 3rd NC
– Construction of basic and supporting DB for inventory
and projection
– Improvement of methodological approach on GHG
emission projection and mitigation assessment
– Balanced preparation efforts between mitigation and
 Experiences and know-how on preparation of NC
– Involvement and efforts of experienced experts who
participated in preparation of 2nd NC
– Recognition of barriers and know-how to solve problems
– Effective coordination to economize time and energy
Systematic institutional & human resource arrangement
Barriers and Constraints
 Unbalanced capacities and resources between sectors
– Environment, energy and forestry sectors with high
interest and much financial and human resources
– Unbalanced information and database between sectors
– Launch of backup research projects for deficient sectors
 Continuity of preparation process
– Self-funded preparation ⇒ continuous financial support
by government required
– Realization of government on the importance of NC
Domestic issues regarding climate change problem
– Relatively high political interest on mitigation and post2012 framework
– Balanced interest and measures on infrastructure and
adaptation issues required to tackle CC problem
Key Lessons Learned
 To build capacities in preparing NC
– Deep interest of government and experts on NC
– Continuous basic research on inventory, projection
methods, mitigation assessment, adaptation, etc.
– Cultivation of relevant experts from various fields
 To sustain capacities in preparing NC
– Systematic and effective institutional network and
– Continuous support for deficient sectors
– Regular meeting and forum for information and
knowledge sharing
Thank you !
Korea Energy Economics Institute