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OBJECTS! DIRECT (DO) INDIRECT (IO) OBJECTS OF PREPOSITIONS (OP) Transitive Verb – has a direct object Intransitive does not have a direct object Helpful Hints about DO’s You MUST have an AV to have a DO DO’s (almost) ALWAYS come after the verb – the exception would be in a question Not all action verbs have DO’s – these are called intransitive verbs Linking Verbs NEVER have DO’s!! Indirect Objects (IO’s) Noun or pronoun that comes after the action verb but before the DO. Answers the question to whom? For whom? To what? For what? IMPORTANT: Only verbs with a DO can have an IO!!! Direct objects These nouns or pronouns receive the action of the verb. Ex. I threw the ball to the dog. Threw / AV Ball / DO Ask yourself threw who or what?? When a verb has a DO, it is called a transitive verb Examples Joe gave me the ball. What is the verb? DO? IO? Always in this order… AV/IO/DO Question?? Do you have to have an IO if you have a DO? NO! Do you have to have a DO if you have an IO? YES! So…the last word in a sentence can never be the IO! Most important rule of all… Words in a prepositional phrase can NEVER be the IO or DO! Ex. The boy went to the store for milk. to the store – prep phrase For milk – prep phrase Common Preps To At Of Over for by through between with from under above Objects of Prepositions(OP)-noun or pronoun at the END of a prep phrase To the dance For my mother In the morning At my house Of the whole class Now let’s practice! Write a sentence with a DO (first pick a good ACTION verb to put in your sentence) Now try one with an IO – will you need a DO? OF COURSE!