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Science Today (12/1):
1. Mountains & Volcanoes vocab. Prequiz
2. Distribute Q2 progress reports
3. Construct Mountains & Volcanoes unit
vocab. organizer
Important Dates:
• Tues. 12/1: EQ Review Session (after
school 3:15-3:45)
* You must attend the review session to
retake the test!!!
• Thurs. 12/3: EQ Test retakes (after
school 3:15-4:00 )
Science Today:
1. Work Time: Intro. to Topographic
You have the first 15 minutes to complete
this activity with your group (or get very
close to completion).
2. When you finish: Work on vocab.
1. Mountain Maker Procedure Part One
• Assemble Mt. Shasta Model
• Create a Topographic Map of Mt.
• Create a Profile View
2. When you finish:
• Finish Intro. to Topographic Maps
• Work on Mtns./Volcanoes Vocab
Science Today (12/2)
1. Mountains & Volcanoes Vocab. Intro.
2. Words of the Day
3. Reading Topographic Maps ActivityMt. Shasta
Mountains & Volcanoes
Big Idea: Mountains & volcanoes
form as tectonic plates move.
Smaller Ideas:
3.1: Movement of rock builds mountains.
3.2 Volcanoes form as molten rock
3.3 Volcanoes affect Earth’s land, air &
Vocabulary from Textbook:
Acid Rain
Cinder Cone Volcano
Composite Volcano
Fault-Block Mountain
Folded Mountain
Lava Flow
Mud Flow
Pyroclastic Flow
Shield Volcano
Additional Words:
Volcanic Ash
Volcanic Bomb
Words of the Day:
Dormant Volcano: A volcano that is not
currently erupting but it considered likely
to erupt in the future.
Extinct Volcano: A volcano that is not
expected to erupt again.
Intro to Topographic Maps:
1. Complete Intro. to Topographic
Maps activity in packet (page 1
front & back)
When you finish:
Work on mountains & volcanoes
vocabulary organizer
Additional Vocab.
Aa: A Hawaiian term to describe a type of lava.
Aa is characterized by chunks of rough,
jagged, spiny lava.
Dormant Volcano: A volcano that is not
currently erupting but it considered likely to
erupt in the future.
Where in the World?
(Major Volcanic Eruptions
Anak Krakatau “Child of Krakatau”
Krakatau, Indonesia
August 26-27, 1883
Casualties: 36,000-40,000
Major Cause of Death: Tsunamis
The force of this eruption was so great
that much of the volcano, and two-thirds
of the island itself, collapsed into the
sea, triggering 120-foot waves that
devastated neighboring islands.
Mount Unzen, Japan
Mount Unzen, Japan
• 1792
• Casualties: 15,000
• Major Cause: Landslides, Tsunamis
Mt. Vesuvius, Italy
Vesuvius, Italy
* 1631
• Casualties: 3,500
• Major Cause: Pyroclastic Flows
Mt. Pinatubo, Philippines
Mt. Pinatubo, Philippines
• 1991
• Casualties: >700
• Major Cause: Pyroclastic Flows
Laki, Iceland
Laki, Iceland
• 1783
• Casualties: 9,000
• Major Cause: Starvation
Additional Vocab:
• Extinct: A volcano that is not expected to
erupt again.
• Felsic: Term used to describe volcanic rock
or lava composed largely of silica.
Science Today: 12/8
1. Introduce Unit Daily Work Expectations
2. Quiet, Independent Work Time• 3.1 Reading
• 3.1 Daily work piece
3. Science Ender: Review Mountain
Science Today: 12/8
1. Mountains & Volcanoes Daily Work
Quiet, Independent Work Time:
Read section 3.1
Work on 3.1 daily work item
* *Mountain Maker packet will be
collected today**
3. Summarize Mountain Types
Mountain Types
1. Folded
2. Fault Block
Folded Mountain
Ex. Himalaya Mountains
Folded Mountain:
A mountain that forms as continental crust
crumples and bends into folds.
Conditions needed:
• Hot temperatures & High pressure
• Slow, continual stress
Plate Boundaries:
Convergent Boundaries
• Continental-continental collision
• Oceanic-continental collision
Fault-Block Mountains
Ex. Grand Teton Range, WY
Ex. Sierra Nevada Mtns., CA
Grand Teton Mountains (WY)
Fault-Block Mountains
Mountains that form as blocks of rock move
up/down along normal faults.
Conditions needed:
• Cool & rigid crust
• EQ shift rock blocks
Plate Boundaries:
Divergent Boundaries
• Crust stretched & breaks into blocks
• Blocks tilt forming mtns and valleys
Laws of Play-doh
1. The play-doh shall be shaped on the
waxed paper only.
2. Use play-doh for good not evil
3. All play-doh shall be cleaned up before
What we are doing today:
1. Assemble Mt. Play-doh & create
topographic map.
2. Finish Analysis questions in Mountain
maker packet.
• Finished Mountain Maker packets
due tomorrow (Tues.)!!!
3. Work on unit vocab. organizer.
Quiet, Independent Work
1. 3.1, 3.2 & 3.3 Readings & Daily Work
2. Vocab. Organizer
3. Mapping World Volcanoes Activity
* All Daily Work is due on Friday!!!
Additional Vocab:
• Pahoehoe: A Hawaiian term to
describe a type of lava. “Ropy, cakebatter lava”
Science Starter: (on back of
In a Venn Diagram, explain the
similarities & differences between
fault block mountains and folded
Fault Block
Volcano Vocab. (not in book)
• Silica: (Silicon + Oxygen) Building
block of volcanic rocks that controls
how well lava flows. The more
silica--> the greater viscosity
Viscosity Challenge
* Brought to you by: Silica
• Felsic: Term used to describe
volcanic rock or lava composed
largely of silica. (ex. Aa)
• Mafic: Term used to describe
volcanic rock or lava that does not
have much silica. (ex. Pahoehoe)
Quiet, Independent Work
Time (~ 25 min.)
Please work quietly on the following:
1. Back of green volcano comparison
w.s. (green sheet in packet)
2. 3.1 reading & daily work piece
3. 3.2 reading & daily work piece
4. Ring of Fire: Volcano type research
(tan packet)
5. Vocab. organizer
Volcano Vocab.
• Viscosity: A measure of how well a
substance flows.
• Lahar: A flowing mixture of watersaturated rock that forms on a volcano
& flows downhill.
• Caldera: A huge crater or hole formed
by the collapse of a volcano when
magma rapidly erupts from underneath
What kind of Volcano?
What type of Volcano?
Ring of Fire Volcano Project
Important Dates
Mon., 12/14: Bring in volcano making
Tues., 12/15: Quick construction:
volcanoes (per. 1-5)
Wed., 12/16: Volcano presentations (per.
* Quick construction volcanoes (per. 6-7)
Ring of Fire Project:
To do list today:
• Volcano type research (3.2 & green
• Brainstorm material list (bring materials
• Volcano type drawing
Science Starter: Classify the following as
either characteristics of Shield, Cinder Cone
or Composite Volcanoes (may be more than
one answer).
Huge in size!
Located on Continental Crust
Erupts Mafic Lava
Erupts Aa Lava
Erupts hot & thin lava only
Erupts silica-rich lava only
Erupts Felsic Lava
Science Classes:
Today you will need:
• Science book
• Mtns/Volcanoes
• Vocab. organizer
Science Today:
1. Volcano Vocab.
2. Work Time:
3. Ring of Fire project
Volcano Vocab.
• Aa: A Hawaiian term to describe a type
of lava. Aa is characterized by chunks
of rough, jagged, spiny lava.
• Pahoehoe: A Hawaiian term to
describe a type of lava. “Ropy, cakebatter lava”
• Stratovolcano: Another word for
composite volcano
Aa = Cookie Dough
Lava Types: cookie dough
Cake Batter--Pahoehoe
Lava Types: Cake batter
Volcano Types
1. Shield
2. Cinder Cone
3. Composite
What type of Volcano?
Shield Volcano
Slope: Gentle
Size: Huge
Quiet, Liquid Eruption
Location: Often near ocean
Shield Volcano--cont.
• Mafic
• Hot & Thin
• Not Bubbly (low gas content)
• Pahoehoe
Cinder Cone Volcano
Slope: Steep
Size: Small
Solid, Explosive Eruption
Location: Continental
Cinder Cone Volcano--cont.
• Felsic (silica-rich)
• Cool & Thick
• Bubbly (trapped gases)
• Aa lava
Composite Volcano
Slope: Moderate
Size: Moderate (broad base)
Both Liquid & Solid Eruption
Both Quiet & Explosive Eruption
Location: Continental
Composite Volcano--cont.
• Felsic & Mafic Lava
• Both Hot/Thin & Cool/Thick Lava
• Bubbly & Not Bubbly Lava
• Aa & Pahoehoe Lavas
Cinder Cone
Science Starter:
Please find a sheet of scratch paper. On
your scratch paper, number 1 -7 (you do
not need to leave additional lines
between the numbers).