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Transcript
Cardiovascular Disease
CVD
*Number one killer of adults
*1 in 4 people living In the us is ill with
some form of this
Types of CVD
Coronary artery Disease
Hypertension
Congestive Heart Failure
Congenital Cardiovascular Defects
Cerebrovascular Disease
CVD

Disease of the heart and blood
vessels (mainly in arteries)
Atherosclerosis




Hardening and narrowing of the
arteries
Is most common form of Cvd
Begins with mounds of fat and
then hardens to form plaque
Increases blood pressure &
abnormal blood clotting
Heart attack



Brought on by atherosclerosis
Occurs when blood flow to the
heart becomes so restricted that
some heart muscle tissue dies for
lack of oxygen
Tissue replaced with scar tissue
Symptoms of a Heart Attack
Women
 Unusual fatigue
 Sleep disturbances
 Shortness of breath
 Indigestion
 Anxiety
 Chest discomfort
 Nausea, lightheaded, cold sweats
Men
 Chest pain
 Discomfort or pain
in other areas of the
body
 Shortness of breath
 Abdominal
Discomfort
 Nausea, lightheaded, cold sweats
stroke



Occurs the same as a heart attack
but located in the brain
Can occur by bursting of small
vessels of the brain
Location of damage determines
the nature of the impairment
Reducing the risk

Avoid Smoking


Hypertension (blood pressure)


Type of fat symptom less risk factor
Diet


Know your blood pressure
Elevated blood cholesterol


raises blood pressure
choose low-fat food & foods high in dietary fiber
Emotions

reduce excess anger, anxiety, stress or depression
Reducing the risk

Stress


Find ways to relax
Drug and Alcohol

Avoid excessive use/abuse