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Medical Treatments for Heart Disease Chapter 17 Section 5 Amy Bentle and Amanda Jones Cures for Fibrillation Fibrillation: extremely rapid contractions of the heart that lack power needed to pump blood around the body. A defibrillator gives electric shocks on the chest to recognize the heart’s normal electric signals, and help to return the normal heartbeat. A drug can be given a few hours after the heart attack occurs to stop the clot dissolving action of the blood. This drug also helps to prevent a mass amount of tissue damage. Remedies for a Failing Heart Pacemaker: a implanted device that provides electrical stimulation for a failing heart beat. Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: a surgery to provide an alternate route for blood to reach heart tissue, bypassing a blocked coronary artery. These are used to strengthen and stabilize the heartbeat. The surgery involves replacing the blocked coronary arteries with synthetic tubing. Another way is to use instruments to flatten, scrape or vaporize plaque in the heart. Heart Transplants Heart Transplant: the surgical replacement of a diseased heart with a healthy one. They are a last resort and not a sure cure. The wait for a new heart could take years. The body’s immune system could reject the transplanted heart. • Artificial Hearts are being developed so the human immune system would not reject it. Healthy Lifestyles Medicine is only temporary healing. Nothing yet has been found to cure atherosclerosis. Proper diet and exercise are beneficial in preventing or postponing cardiovascular Disease.