Download Alcohols and Ethers

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Alkene wikipedia, lookup

Kinetic resolution wikipedia, lookup

Haloalkane wikipedia, lookup

Elias James Corey wikipedia, lookup

Alkane wikipedia, lookup

Alcohol wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Alcohols and Ethers
Section 13.2 from Chemical Ideas
C2H6O
H
H
H
O
H
H
H
H
H
O
H
H
H
H
 There are two Isomers
with this molecular
formula
 Ethanol and
methoxymethane
Ethanol
 Belongs to the
homologous series
called alcohols
 All members of the
group contain the
hydroxyl functional
group…………. –OH
 They only differ in the
length of their
hydrocarbon chain
H
H
H
O
H
H
H
Methoxymethane
H
H
O
H
H
H
H
 Belongs to the
homologous series
called ethers
 All ethers contain the
alkoxy group…… -OR
Alcohols
They are named from the parent alkane by
omitting the final –e and adding -ol
 CH3-OH
 methanol
 CH3-CH2-OH
 ethanol
 CH3-CH2-CH2-OH
 propan-1-ol
 CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-OH
 butan-1-ol
Ethers
 Ethers are derived from alkanes by substituting an
alkoxy group ( -OR ) for an H atom, for example
 CH3 – CH2 - O- CH2-CH3
 ethoxyethane
 CH3 – CH2 – CH2- O- CH3
 Methoxypropane
 Note that the longer hydrocarbon chain is chosen
as the parent alkane