Download Organic Chemistry

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
Organic Chemistry
Applied Chemistry
Milbank High School
Organic Chemistry
• Chemistry of compounds that contain
– Combine mainly with hydrogen, oxygen, and
– Over 10 million compounds made with these
4 elements
• 95% of compounds contain carbon
• Very Flammable!
– Combustion reactions
• Don’t react with other compounds much
• Hydrocarbons
• Alcohols, phenols, ethers
• Carboxylic acids, amines, ketones
• Methane, ethane, propane
• Ethylene
• Acetylene
• Methanol
• Ethanol
• Isopropyl alcohol
– Wines
• 12% ethanol
– Champagnes
• 14-20% ethanol
– Beers
• 4% ethanol
– Whiskey
• 50% ethanol
Proof spirit: alcoholic content of a beverage, twice that of
the alcohol content by volume (whiskey: 100 proof)
Ethanol Con’t
• Toxic to humans
• Acute poisoning kills several hundred a
year (drinking contests)
• Long term poisoning
– Most serious drug problem in US
– 40 times more addicts than heroin
More alcohols
• Nitroglycerin
• Ethylene glycol
• Identification of alcohols:
– Contain an OH group
Alcohol in the Blood
• Ethanol is a depressant, not a stimulant
– Diminished judgment and less control of actions
• Does NOT keep you warm in cold weather
Causes blood vessels to dilate
Accelerates the loss of heat loss
½ of all frostbite victims are legally drunk
Shortens life span by contributing to diseases of the
liver, cardiovascular system, and almost every other
organ in the body
Octane Rating
• Amount of octane (isooctane) present in
• Remainder is heptane
• Catalytic reforming
– Change low octane fuels into high octane
• Additives
– Ethers, alcohols
• Method of separating chemicals based
upon their boiling point
• Crude oil
• Water from salt water etc
• Alcohol
• Used to determine the concentration of a
known reactant
• Indicator
– Shows when the solutions are at equilibrium
• Utilizes precise measurements and
requires accurate lab skills