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Transcript
Alexander the Great
By Mr. Ross
Greece: After the Peloponnesian
War


404 B.C. the 27 year
war ends with a
Spartan Victory.
Greeks are divided
and still fighting.
Phillip II of Macedonia

King of the
Macedonians


Saw the chance to
bring Greece under
his control.



Located to the north of
Greece
Declared war in 340
B.C.
Attacks the Athenian
Army
Loved Greek culture
and hated the
Persians
Macedonian Army




Considered by
historians to be one of
the greatest forces in
the ancient world.
Full time job
Lots of drill
Combination of




Infantry (Foot soldiers)
Calvary (Horses)
Artillery (Arrows)
Sarissa (Long Pikes)
Battle of Chaeronea





338 B.C.
Athens and Thebes vs.
Macedon
On the road to Athens.
Macedonian Victory
Ends the Greek CityState and begins
Macedonian rule of
Greece
Alexander the Great




Son of Phillip
Phillip was assassinated at the wedding of
one of his daughters
King of Greece at 20
Tutored by famous Greek scholars




Aristotle
Wanted to conquer the world.
Brilliant General.
Loved Greek Culture
Conquest






334 B.C. invaded
Asia.
Persian Empire
Egypt
Central Asia
Empire extended to
India.
Goal was to bring
people of different
cultures together
under 1
government.
Alex the Ruler

Plan to unite empire.

Spread Greek culture

Built Greek cities like
Alexandria.




Markets
Universities
Gyms
Theaters
continued

Use religion to
inspire loyalty.



Honor Persian and
Egyptian gods.
He was a god.
Accepted peoples
cultures


Borrowed Persian
customs.
Encouraged marriage
between Greeks and
Persians.
The Empire Crumbles




324 B.C. tired of
fighting, soldiers go
home.
Alex dies of fever 10
years later.
Generals fought over
empire.
Greek ideas and
culture survive