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Transcript
Renaissance
Renaissance



Started as early as 1300, lasted until
1600
This was a “rebirth” of learning and
arts
Started in Italy due to three reasons:
Thriving cities (overseas trade)
 Wealthy merchant class
 Classical heritage of Greece and Rome

Medici Family

Each city state in
Italy ran their own
affairs


Florence came
under rule of the
Medici family
They made a fortune in trade
and banking
 Cosimo de’ Medici was the
head of the family and the
wealthiest man in Europe
Medici Family

1434 won control of
the government in
Florence, but never
ran for office



Lorenzo, his grandson
followed him in control
of Florence
Patrons of arts in their
region
Anything that was
needed in the Florence
went through the
Medici family
Medici Family: Florence Italy
Cosimo Di Medici
Lorenzo Di Medici
Classical and worldly
values


As scholars studied ancient manuscripts, they
became influenced by classical ideas
This led to Humanism: focus on human
potential and achievement
Terms




Secular- worldly and concerned with
here and now
Patrons- people who support the art
through money
Renaissance Man- an individual who
strives to master almost every area of
study
Vernacular- native language
Francesco Petrarch: Father of
Humanism
Italian Scholar and poet
Renaissance Revolutionizes Art



Artistic styles changes! Middle Ages
focused in on religious subjects
Focus now on REALISTIC style that was
copied from classical models.
Used a technique known as Perspective:
showing 3 dimensions on a flat
surface
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4mgSPi
AiBjU
NINJA TURTLES
Heroes in a Half Shell….Turtle Power!
Most famous artists of the
Renaissance…
 Leonardo
Da Vinci
 Michelangelo Buonarotti
 Donatello
 Raphael
Leonardo da Vinci: 1457-1519

Painter, sculptor, inventor and scientist
Famous Works: Last Supper,
Mona Lisa
The perfect harmony and mathematical proportion of the human form
intrigued Leonardo Da Vinci. So accurate it is seen in medical texts today.
Michelangelo: 1475-1564

Pieta, David, Moses
Sistine Chapel: Vatican City
Four years to complete,
an acre in area
Donatello: David
Made sculpture more
realistic - carved natural
postures and expressions
that reveal personality
First free standing nude
done in bronze
Raphael:
Sistine Madonna, School of
Athens, Transfiguration
Favorite Subject was the
Madonna
Niccolo Machiavelli

“It is much safer to
be feared than loved”



Machiavelli
The Prince
Examines how a ruler
can gain power and
keep it in spite of his
enemies
Sir Thomas More

Wrote about “Utopia”


Ideal society
No private property,
educated citizens
William Shakespeare


English poet and
playwright
Wrote over 37 plays


“A Midsummer Nights
Dream”, “Romeo and
Juliet”, “Othello”,
“Hamlet”, “Macbeth”
etc.
Introduced over 1700
words to the English
language.

Bedroom, lonely,
generous, gloomy,
heartsick, hurry.
Erasmus



Exposed the immoral
behavior of the church and
clergy.
Be open-minded and good
will towards others.
Translated Bible into
vernacular
Produced Greek and Latin
translations
Inventions

Johann Gutenberg



Germany
Developed moveable
type
Printing Press

First document printed
using moveable type was:
BIBLE
How can the printing press
change the world?