Download Quote from Francesco Petrarch (One of the first humanists)

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Transcript
The RENAISSANCE
(1300-1600s)
• A revolutionary philosophical and
artistic movement
– The period during which it
flourished
– transition out of the Dark Ages
• Means “REBIRTH”
– Rebirth of ________________
• Humanities: study of grammar,
rhetoric, history, poetry,
philosophy, art, architecture
and/or science, etc.
• Perspective: the illusion of depth
on a flat canvas (pgs. 414 - 415)
• Began in _____________
Time Periods Prior t/t Renaissance
•
•
•
•
•
Greek Empire known for: _______________
____________________________________
Roman Empire known for: ______________
____________________________________
Medieval Period led by the
___________________________________
– aka: _______________________________
• Thus, Renaissance means _____________
• of _________________________________
Why began in Italy?
• Politics:
– No monarchs
– Trade Guilds
• Wealth
– wealthy merchant class
• PATRONS o/t Arts:
– Medici family
• many popes
– wealthy Church
– Guild competition
– established Banks
• Geography
– City-States traded thru-out
Mediterranean
– Florence
– What is a RENAISSANCE
MAN?
Why is the Renaissance such an
important era in time?
“It is fair to say that much of what we know
today of painting and sculpture, of
architecture and political science, of
scientific method and economic
theory, we owe to artists, politicians,
statesmen, bankers, and merchants of
the Renaissance—the explosion of
intellectual and artistic energy in Italy
between 1300-1600. And Florentines
stood at the turbulent center of the
Renaissance.”
The Big Four Renaissance
Artists
• Leonardo DaVinci
• Michelangelo Buonarroti
• Raffaello Raphael
• Donatello di Niccolò
Leonardo Da Vinci
• Name of Artwork:
– MONA LISA
• Year/Date art created:
– 1503-1517
• Where created:
– Florence, Italy
• Where located today?
– LOUVRE Museum in Paris,
France
• Why created?
– Patron o/t Arts Gherardini
family paid him for it. It is
believed to be the wife of
Gherardini painted after the
birth of their first son.
• Why/How considered Renaissance?
Task: Compare and Contrast two paintings
• Get into pairs, and take one of each painting.
• Answer the Questions that go with each
painting.
• One of these paintings is from the Middle Ages,
the other is from the Renaissance. Can you
guess which one is which?
• “The Annunciation” by Simone Martini was
painted in the Middle Ages
• “The Annunciation” by Frangelico was painted in
the Renaissance.
Goal: Assess information about Renaissance art
and draw conclusions on how it reflects the
culture.
Middle Ages
•
•
•
•
Flat, 2-dimensional
Almost all religious
Glory to God
Backgrounds: Heaven, Holy
Land.
Renaissance
• Illusion of depth,
perspective
• Themes:
– religion
– Secularism
– people
• Beauty of human form
– _______________
• Dignity of humans
• Beauty of natural
landscapes.
Conclusions
Middle Ages
• Lack of Questioning
• People as Pious
– means religious
• Greatest interest was
the study of God.
Renaissance
• Realism: lifelike
proportions
• Critique society
• People as individuals
• Individualism:
--Portraits
--Signed work
--Included self in work