Download R1 Renaissance and Reformation

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Spanish Renaissance literature wikipedia, lookup

Italian Renaissance wikipedia, lookup

Renaissance music wikipedia, lookup

Renaissance Revival architecture wikipedia, lookup

Renaissance architecture wikipedia, lookup

Renaissance in Scotland wikipedia, lookup

French Renaissance literature wikipedia, lookup

Renaissance philosophy wikipedia, lookup

Waddesdon Bequest wikipedia, lookup

Mannerism wikipedia, lookup

Spanish Golden Age wikipedia, lookup

Art in early modern Scotland wikipedia, lookup

Northern Mannerism wikipedia, lookup

Art in the Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Review
Renaissance and Reformation
1350-1600
Renaissance
Renaissance = “rebirth”
 Began in Italian City-States
 Revival of Commerce and Town Building
was more intense in Italy
 Feudalism had less of a grip on Italy
 Presence of antiquity was stronger in
Italy than elsewhere in Europe
Renaissance
Renaissance = “rebirth”
 Humanism a program of study based on the
“classics” = ancient Greece and Rome
 Petrarch – father of humanism
 Civic Humanism - use classical education for
the public’s good
 Revival of Ancient Latin and Greek allowed
ancient text to be translated
Heritage of Humanism
 Improved command of Latin
 Restored Greek language/learning
 Developed new ways to study ancient
world.
 Used past to illustrate human behavior
and find moral examples.
 Reformed education
Renaissance Art
 Artist as individuals, not craftsmen
New Techniques - Painting
 Fresco – wet plaster
 Oil Painting
 Chiaroscuro – contrast light and dark to
create 3D images
 Single Point Perspective
Renaissance Art
Architecture
 Classical Motifs (Greek and Rome)
- Columns, Domes
Renaissance Art
Late Renaissance
 Mannerism
- Distorted images and confusing themes
- Reflect growing religious and political
crises in Italy
Leonardo Da Vinci
 “Renaissance Man”
- Architect, sculptor, engineer, inventor,
painter scientist
Raphael
 School Of Athens – links
renaissance with the
past
 Single point perspective
Michelangelo
 David -Masterpiece
 Sistine Chapel
- Ceiling represents High Renaissance,
Altar Represents Late Renaissance style
Northern Renaissance
Northern Humanist
 Desiderius Erasmus
 Criticized the Church In Praise of Folly
 Emphasized inner faith as opposed to
outer worship
 Sir Thomas Moore
 Utopia critical of contemporary society
 All property should be held in common
Northern Renaissance
Art
 Influenced by Italian Renaissance
 Albrecht Durer – woodcuts
 Geoffrefy Chaucer- Canterbury Tales
 William Shakespeare
Northern Renaissance
Printing Press
 Johannes Gutenberg
Effects
 Cheaper to produce books
 Increase in literacy
 New ideas spread faster
Reformation
John Wycliffe
 Questioned wealth of church
 Miracle of transubstantiation
 Indulgences
 Urged followers to read and interpret
bible for themselves
 “Lollards”
Reformation
Jan Hus
 Horrified by immorality of clergy
 Urged that who congregation should be
given the cup during communion
 Called before Council of Constance
 Burned at the stake as a heretic
 Followers staged a rebellion
Reformation
Martin Luther
 Protested the selling of indulgences
 Posted 95 Theses
 Quickly spread via printing press
 Diet of Worms- banned him and his works from
HRE
 Questioned papal authority, sacraments,
monasticism, celibacy of clergy
 Had several children
Reformation
Peace of Augsburg
 Legalized Lutheranism in areas ruled by
Lutherans
Reformation
Anabaptist
 Denied infant baptism
Ulrich Zwiligi
 Denied all of the sacraments
John Calvin
 Predestination of the soul
 No free will
Reformation
English Reformation
 Henry VIII wanted a divorce
 Made head of Church of England
Counter Reformation
Council of Trent
 Educate clergy
 End selling of church offices
 Upheld traditional Catholic teachings
 Baroque Art - more intensely religious
than mannerist style