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THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM – GCSE PE Revision Sheet
Name ........................................................
The Muscles
Muscular Function
Label each muscle in the table below and describe its function (job!)
Muscle Name
What It Does
BICEP
Flexes the elbow
Adducts the
Flexes the
Extends the
Extends the
Flexes the
Extends the
Adducts the
Extends the
Abducts the
Adducts the
Label the muscles below on the diagram above. Use a ruler and CAPITAL letter at beginning of each word.
Antagonistic Pairs - ..........................................................................................................
Oh dear – you need to rearrange them first!!
Pibces .......................................
apt rusize ................................
Loidetsd ...................................
irghtamsns ..............................
sugetlu xamumis ...............................................
Antagonist ........................................................................................................................
Insertion .............................................................................................................................
Tralcepos ............................................
Pricest .............................
Agonist ..............................................................................................................................
Prime Mover ......................................................................................................................
Sodri sumlatissi...........................................
Land bomis .........................................
We got the Moves – Describe Key Movement Words Below and Label Bicep Curl
Success??
Origin .................................................................................................................................
Merit – Can name, locate and spell 5 or below
Fixator ................................................................................................................................
Bronze – Can name, locate and spell 6 muscles
duqa prices .............................................
Silver – Can name, locate and spell 9 muscles
gosuaistnrcme .............................................
Gold – Can name, locate and spell all muscles
Building Muscle
Fill in these key words –
Improve Muscle Strength
When muscles increase in size
When muscles decrease in size
Improve Muscle Endurance
Hypertrophy
Atrophy
Low reps high weight
High reps low weight
Type
Key Words
Example
Muscular Contractions
Types of Muscle Fibres
Classification of Muscles
Picture
Cross out the incorrect statement in the sentence
Write F next to statements that are Fast Twitch and
S to statements that are Slow Twitch.
Isotonic contractions occur when there is …………………… of the body. It can improve
………………………. strength.
Red in colour
White in colour
Short Duration
Speed events/jumping/throwing
Fast and powerful contraction
Long Duration
Can contract many times
Marathon Runner/Triathlon
Good O2 supply/Lasts long time
Limited O2 supply/Tire quickly
As a muscle ………………. and ……………….. concentric movement occurs. An example is
walking …………….. the stairs.
As a muscle ……………….and ……………….eccentric movement occurs. An example is
walking ……………….the stairs.
Isometric contractions occur when the muscle length ………………. It can improve
………………. strength.
A gymnast holding a handstand is an example of ………………….
A sprinter running is an example of …………………..
Smooth
Striated
Heart
Automatic
Never Tires
Cardiac
Intestines
Voluntary
Bicep
Conscious Control
Muscles and Injuries
Involuntary
Shade in statements that are linked/link a line to statements that relate to each injury.
Describe the 10
immediate effects of exercise on the muscular system
Injury
How it Happens
Ankle or wrist
joint twisted
suddenly
When it Happens
Playing
tennis/wrong
sized racket
Where it Happens
Muscles in the
body
Effect on Body
Inflamed elbow
joint
Prevention
Thorough warm
up. Difficult when
muscles contract
and relax quickly
Sprain
Overuse of
tendons
Twist or wrench
of muscle
At ankle or wrist
joint
Muscle may be
weakened
Improve strength
and flexibility of
area. Sometimes
difficult to avoid
Overstretching of
muscle
Changing
direction or
landing heavily
At elbow joint
Tennis Elbow
Tears ligament at
joint and extreme
pain
Correct size of
equipment.
Moderate plying
time
using one key word in each box.
Strain
Liver Heat Contract Increases Relax Blood
Fatigue Lactic Fuel Ache Oxygen
Immediate Effects of
Exercise
Describe RICE Principle below
R = ……………………… - description ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
I = ……………………… - description ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
C = ……………………… - description ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
E = ……………………… - description ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
Nutrition
Muscle Posture
Use page 184 to describe 4 benefits of good posture
What nutrient am I?
I repair muscle tissue
I build body cells
I build muscle mass
eggs.
I can be found in meats and
Answer ………………………
Treatment
RICE. Possible X ray
(if looks like
fracture/dislocation)
RICE
RICE