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Gr. 8 Muscle Label Chart Label the Muscles in their numbers listed Name: _____________________ Class: ________________ on the side of the page Fontalis—Trapezius—Deltoid—Pectoralis Major—Triceps—Biceps— Latissimus DorsiAbdominal Muscles—Gluteus Maximus— Bicepts Femorius (hamstrings) Rectus Femorus—Sartorius -(Quads) - Gastrocnemius—Achilles Tendon Label the skeleton with the word box names at the bottom of the page. Gr. 8 Bone Chart Label Name _____________________________ Class ___________________ Write in the name of the bone beside the number listed below. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 16 17 18 19 20 Cranium—Clavicle—Mandible—Scapula—Sternum—Rib—Humerus—Vertebra—Radius—Pelvis Sacrum—Ulna—Carpals—Metacarpals—Phalanges—Femur—Patella—Tibia—Fibula—Tarsals—Metatarsals Major Muscles and Bones - Grade 8 Name _______________________ Homeroom____________ Muscles are used to help us do different things everyday. They help protect our bones and organs. Look at your diagrams of the bones and muscles to answer the following questions. 1) Name 3 bones and the major muscles that protect them. (6 marks) Bone __________________ Muscle ________________________ Bone __________________ Muscle ________________________ Bone __________________ Muscle ________________________ 2) Name a muscle that crosses the elbow joint and list one of the primary actions that take place across the elbow joint. (2 marks) 3) Name a muscle that crosses the shoulder joint and list one of the primary actions that take place across the shoulder joint. (2 marks) Major Muscles and Bones - Grade 8 There are 10 major muscle groups in the body, each with a primary action. Each of these primary actions (that take place when the muscles contract) affect a joint in the body. Muscle Joint Biceps Elbow Primary Action Triceps Extension Pectorals Adduction / Abbduction Abdominals Flexion Quadriceps Knee Hamstrings Knee Deltoids Adduction / Abbduction Trapezius Extension Latissimus Dorsi Spinal Column Hip Flexors Flexion Examples: The primary action of the bicep muscle is flexion of the elbow. The pectoral muscle's primary action is adduction of the shoulder.