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Unit III Test
Please make sure to answer all questions on the Scan-Tron.
I. Matching (1 Point Each)
For each set match each term to its best definition. Each term/letter will only be used once.
Set # 1
A. Murex
B. Serf
C. Cahokia
D. Helots
E. Mita
1. Agricultural laborer bound to the land of a noble or higher status person.
2. Allowed the Phoenicians to produce purple dye, a much desired item that helped them become a powerful
trading society in the Ancient World.
3. Slaves in Ancient Sparta.
4. Labor tax that all non-noble Inca had to pay through providing free labor for the government each year.
5. A major trading center in Pre-Contact North America
Set # 2
A. Alexander Bell
B. Gugliemo Marconi
C. Karl Marx
D. Adam Smith
E. Robert Fulton
6. Inventor of the steamship.
7. Inventor of the wireless telegraph.
8. Articulated many of the principles of socialism in his book The Communist Manifesto
9. Articulated many of the principles of capitalism in his book The Wealth of Nations
10. Widely credited with the invention of the telephone
Set # 3
B. maquiladora
C. tariff
E. fair trade
11. Tax on an imported good
12. Assembly plants that many companies have established in Mexico to take advantage of laws that allow tax
free importation from Mexico into other nations of the Americas
13. Policies that encourage higher prices for goods so as to insure improved social and environmental standards
in the third world countries where these goods are originally produced.
14. Created a free trade zone composed of the United States, Mexico, and Canada in the 1990s
15. Organization that imposed several trade embargos on the United States in the 1970s that resulted in
widespread fuel shortages.
Set # 4
A. Madoc
D. L’Anse aux Meadows
B. Solutreans
E. Chumash
C. Zheng He
16. According to legend this Welsh prince reached the Gulf Coast of the United States in the 1100s.
17. Chinese explorer whom some historians believe led an expedition to the Americas in the early 1400s
18. Ancient European group some think crossed the Atlantic during an Ice Age to settle in North America.
19. Western Amerindian tribe that shows evidence of interactions with Polynesians leading some to believe that
the Polynesians may have reached the Americas prior to the Spanish.
20. Viking settlement founded around 1000 AD in Newfoundland
II. True/False (1 Point Each)
Please mark A for T statements and B for false statements. You do not have to correct false statements.
21. Many electronics are made from materials like coltan that are obtained by slave labor or in factories
like the Foxconn Plants that use slave labor to produce the finished goods.
22. There were no established trading patterns or networks in the Americas until the arrival of Europeans.
23. Many early factories also required workers to live on site in company owned towns which gave
management a great deal of power over workers.
24. Though all countries in the world have outlawed the practice of slavery, slavery and forced labor continue to
be a problem affecting many world nations today.
25. In the mid 1990s the United Nations began a major effort to address gun smuggling however their efforts
have had limited effects on the illegal gun trade.
26. Marco Polo’s stories about his explorations throughout China helped inspire European interest in trade
with the Far East.
27. Due to inventions like the flying shuttle, power loom, and other inventions, the textile industry was one of
the first to adopt mechanization.
28. The invention of the Bessemer Process allowed for the cheap creation of steel which in turn fueled the
growth of cities during the late 1800s and early 1900s.
29. The Great Depression of the 1920s and 1930s never affected the United States since America had adopted
isolationist foreign policies following World War I.
30. During the Medieval Age groups of craftspeople would often join together to form a guild to set standards
for their industry.
31. The Industrial Revolution created many new employment opportunities- some positive like new
opportunities for women and some negative like those in which young children were often put to work in
dangerous factories or mines.
32. Samuel Slater smuggled plans for water powered factories into Great Britain to help begin the Industrial
Revolution in Great Britain.
33. Most socialist and communist countries have market economies because these allow the will of the people
to shape economic outcomes and socialist and communist governments want the people to have control of
the economy.
34. Human trafficking does not affect the United States.
35. The Greek Debt Crisis affected many other European countries because their membership in the European
Union meant that Greece and these other countries used a common currency and had linked economies.
III. Multiple Choice (2 Points Each)
Please mark the bubble on the scan-tron that you feel best answers or completes the question. Please
remember there are no E’s in this section.
36. Which type of economy is based solely on factors of supply and demand?
A. Traditional Economy
C. Mixed Economy
B. Command Economy
D. Market Economy
37. Use the passage to answer Question 37.
“[The] electric light, incredible as it may appear, is produced from a tiny strip of paper that breath would
blow away. Through this tiny strip of a paper is passed an electric current, and the result is a bright,
beautiful light. . . and this light, the inventor claims, can be produced cheaper than that from the
cheapest oil.”- Marshall Fox, New York Herald, 1879
The device described in the passage from the New York Herald was invented by
A. Joseph Swan
C. Henry Bessemer
B. Thomas Edison
D. Pierre Curie
38. The government controls what aspect of a command economy
A. the price of goods
C. distribution of resources
B. allocation of resources
D. all of the above
39. What theory best describes the spread of corn as a staple crop through the Native American populations?
A. Corn was first developed upon the Siberian Steppes and carried to the Americas via the land bridge.
B. Corn was domesticated in Central America and slowly spread throughout the rest of the
Americas via Pre-Columbian trade routes.
C. The cultivation of corn occurred separately in isolated pockets throughout the two continents.
D. Corn was first developed in Europe and introduced by the Vikings during their brief stay in
the Americas.
Use the map to answer questions 40 and 41.
40. Study the map titled “The Silk Roads.” Which of the following represented one trade route upon which silk
could travel to Rome?
over the Silk Roads from Guangzhou to Tyre, then by boat through the
Mediterranean Sea to Rome
by an overland route from Guangzhou to Chang’an, connecting to the Silk Roads,
then to Antioch, and then by boat through the Mediterranean Sea to Rome
by boat down the Nile to Alexandria and then through the Mediterranean Sea to Rome
by boat from Guangzhou to Khotan and on to Rome
41. Study the map titled “The Silk Roads.” Which of the following best explains why Buddhism spread from
India to China?
China and India share a common border.
Both countries traded with nomads beyond the Great Wall.
China and India were linked by trade routes.
Indian traders sailed west to China.
42. An economic system where most means of production are privately owned is
A. Feudalism
C. Capitalism
B. Manorialism
D. Socialism
43. Which of the following explorers is given the credit as the first to circumnavigate the world?
Ferdinand Magellan
C. Vasco da Gama
Christopher Columbus
D. Henry Hudson
44. Exploration was not just for the Europeans, the most famous Chinese Explorer was during the Age of Exploration was:
A. Jackie Chan
C. Fusang
B. Zheng He
D. Mao Zedong
45. The Treaty of Tordesillas divided the world into zones that could be colonized by which of the following?
A. Spain and England
B. England and France
C. Portugal and Spain
D. Portugal and France
46. Which of the following would the earliest Spanish explorers NOT have found in the Americas?
A. Advanced Cities
C. Horses
B. People
D. Signs of Agriculture
47. What was Vasco de Gama’s contribution to exploration?
He circumnavigated the globe.
He found Brazil.
He sailed from Portugal to India around the southern tip of Africa.
He found the Cape of Good Hope.
48. What was an effect of the Columbian Exchange?
Native American diseases destroyed European populations.
The exchange of foods and animals had a dramatic impact on later societies.
Llamas began to be used as beasts of burden.
Triangular trade became less profitable.
49. The Industrial Revolution was
A. the formation of cottage industry guilds.
B. the conflict between cottage and factory workers.
C. a race between Great Britain and the United States for higher production rates.
D. a shift to power driven machinery and factory production
50. Which of the following is the best description of chattel slavery?
A. When an individual is held in slavery until their debt is paid.
B. When slavery is an inherited condition.
C. When an individual is promised a good job in a foreign country but instead is enslaved.
D. When an individual is promised an internship but instead is made to do unpaid factory labor.
IV. Essay (25 Points)
Please respond to the following question in five paragraph essay format. Remember your first paragraph should be your
introduction and include your thesis and your fifth paragraph should be your conclusion. Your other three paragraphs
should make use of specific details from our unit of study to support your opinions.
Trade and exchange have provided societies with many benefits throughout history but also caused many problems for
them as well. Evaluate whether trade and exchange has had an overall positive effect throughout world history or an
overall negative effect throughout world history. Please make sure to use specific examples from our unit of study to
support your opinion.