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Name: _________________________ Period: ____________ Date: ____________________ Comparative Religions – Mr. Ruiz (130 pts) Semester 1 Final Exam: Comparative Religions Part I Multiple Choice. Choose the Best Response. (1pt each) ________1. What is Transcendence? a. A train railroad b. An interstate Highway c. The capacity of human beings to cross something difficult d. A quality of something that is beyond the mundane. ________2. A type of truth that is the real truth: a. Objective truth b. Subjective Truth c. Mystery d. Occult Science ________3. A type of truth that is based on our own opinions, perceptions, experiences, learnings etc. is called: a. Objective truth b. Subjective Truth c. Mystery d. Occult Science ________4. Can humans achieve objective Truth? a. Yes, we can do everything! b. Yes, Humans have the capacity of strong analysis because we can think c. No, because humans are bound by our human condition d. No, Humans are stupid ________5. All religions try to match their _______________________________ to the ___________________________, which is why they all have different opinions about the world and how it works. a. Objective Truth; Subjective Truth b. Mystery; Objective Truth c. Subjective Truth; Objective Truth d. None of the above ________6. The real answer to the questions: “Why are we here? What does it mean to be human? Etc.” is a: a. Subjective Truth b. Personal Truth c. Mystery d. A & B ________7. The study of the Universe and how the world works is known as: a. Astrology b. Cosmology c. Biology d. Religion ________8. A religion’s Belief system is a: a. Code b. Cult c. Creed d. Community ________9. A religion’s ritualistic practices are called: a. Code b. Creed c. Cult d. Community ________10. What word describes the ideal human being? a. Jesus b. Spiritual Perfection c. Transcendence d. Determination ________11. The belief that the existence of a Deity is unknown but is important for us to know is: a. Atheism b. Non-Theism c. Agnosticism d. Theism ________12. Which of the following believes that Deities do exist? a. Atheism b. Non-Theism c. Agnosticism d. Theism ________13. What is another name for Sacred Text? a. Bible b. Canon c. Spell Book d. None of the Above ________14. What is the difference between Science and Religion? a. Science tries to find the existence of God while religion already discovered it b. Science is based on faith while religion is based on Data c. Science uses only observable data to reach conclusions while religion uses faith. d. None of the Above ________15. True or False: Science and Religion are complete opposite a. True: One believes in God and the other one does not b. True: Facts and Data are not compatible c. False: Science helps Religion discover God d. False: Science gets to explain observable things (data) and religion continues to explain the unknown through belief. ________16. True or False: Hinduism has no known founder. a. True b. False ________17. Hinduism is said to be a Monistic (as in “Monism”) religion because: a. They have Many Gods b. They have one God: Brahman c. All the Gods are a part of the one god, Brahman d. They worship the one true God: MO ________18. A part of Brahman that resides inside each person is called: a. Soul b. Brahmin c. Atman d. Anatta ________19. According to the Hindus, the universe is in a cycle of Life-DeathRebirth called: a. Atman b. Samsara c. Moksha d. Nirvana ________20. For the Hindus, their ultimate goal is to free themselves of the cycle of Life-Death-Rebirth. This freedom is called: a. Atman b. Samsara c. Moksha d. Nirvana ________21. The First Path of Hinduism, also known as the Path of Action is called: a. Karma Marga b. Jahna Marga c. Bakti Marga d. Puja Marga ________22. This Path of Action emphasizes the social hierarchy established by Hinduism. This hierarchy is known as: a. Samsara b. Moksha c. Caste System d. Sanatana Dharma ________23. Which force is responsible for determining your place in this hierarchy? a. Samsara b. Karma c. Dharma d. Dukkha ________24. In this hierarchy mentioned above, the first “class is called the Brahmins, which were: a. Warriors b. CEO’s c. Priests d. Workers ________25. In the Third “Class”, the people were considered: a. Workers b. Merchants c. Warriors d. Priests ________26. A “Fifth Class” NOT INCLUDED in this hierarchical system because they are outcastes is called: a. Untouchables b. Sudras c. Servants d. A & C ________27. According to this hierarchy, one must follow their ______________________, which is their role or duty as determined by the class one is in. a. Karma b. Nirvana c. Moksha d. Dharma ________28. The second Path of Hinduism is the path of Knowledge or __________________________: a. Karma Marga b. Jahna Marga c. Bakti Marga d. Puja Marga ________29. This second path of Knowledge has three schools. The third School attempts to UNITE the BODY with the SOUL. This school is known as: a. Vajyana b. Samadhi c. Yoga d. Puja ________30. The Final Path is called _____________________, which is the Path of Devotion: a. Karma Marga b. Jahna Marga c. Bakti Marga d. Puja Marga ________31. Which of the following is Characteristic of the way the “Path of Devotion” worships the deities? a. They worship a different Deity every day b. They choose one deity to worship as their main one c. They Worship all deities daily d. They only worship Vishnu. ________32. A Hindu ritual that takes place in the house (or sometimes as a community) on a daily basis is called: a. Mudra b. Samsara c. Moksha d. Puja e. Guru ________33. ______________________ is an incarnation of a god. a. Jesus b. Murti c. Avatar d. Vishnu e. None of the Above ________34. Why are Cows venerated? a. They symbolize life b. They give good meat c. They are incarnations of Brahmins d. Gods use them as vehicles ________35. Sati is: a. An outlawed practice b. The burning of a Widow c. The burning of the children d. A & B e. None of the above ________36. True or False: the caste system in India is CURRENTLY an important part of India’s laws a. True b. False ________37. What is the Hindu version of spiritual perfection? a. Ascetics b. Buddhas c. Forest Dwellers d. Brahmins e. Gurus ________38. Siddhartha Gautama was born of which Caste? a. Brahmins b. Kshatriyas c. Gurus d. Dalit e. Sudra ________39. At one point in his life he escaped his palace for the first time and saw: a. The great going forth b. His wife c. The four passing sights d. The white, six-tusked elephant ________40. During his Great Going Forth, Siddhartha leaves the castle and engages in a Hindu practice that requires him to reject his physical needs and starve himself in order to get to know oneself. This practice is: a. Nirvana b. Yoga c. Puja d. Extreme Asceticism e. Forest dwelling ________41. Eventually, Siddhartha refuses to “starve himself” and opts for ______________________, which is a rejection of extremes in favor of moderation. a. Extreme Asceticism b. The way of Kami c. The Middle Way d. The Rich Way ________42. Only when he follows this path of moderation does Siddhartha become: a. An Arhat b. Enlightened c. A Bodhisattva d. Nirvana ________43. According to Buddhism, Dharma is: a. Following one’s caste b. The teachings of Buddha c. The fourth noble truth d. The second of the Eight Fold paths ________44. What is reborn when Buddhists die? a. Energy/conscience b. The Atman c. The Soul d. Some molecules of your body ________45. What is the Third Noble Truth? a. Dukkha is caused by suffering b. To Eliminate Tanha, you need to eliminate Dukkha c. The elimination of Suffering comes from the elimination of Tanha d. Tanha is caused by Dukkha ________46. According to the Second noble Truth, the cause of ________ is ___________. a. Dukkha; Desire b. Tanha; Dukkha c. Suffering; Dukkha d. Tanha; Desire ________47. The third, fourth, and fifth of the eight-fold paths (Right Speech, Right Conduct, Right Livelihood) refers to which of the following Categories? a. Wisdom b. Concentration c. Morality d. Meditation ________48. Which of the following ideas does Buddhism share the most in common with Hinduism (not just in name, but in practice or belief): a. Nirvana b. Moksha c. Samsara d. Dharma ________49. A liberation from the cycle of suffering that is a state of bliss is called: a. Moksha b. Puja c. Nirvana d. Anicca ________50. People who achieve enlightenment and choose to teach others and later pass into Nirvana are: a. Arhats b. Gurus c. Buddhas d. Bodhisattvas ________51. Contrary to the Hindus, The Buddhists reject the idea of the SOUL. This idea of No Soul called: a. Sangha b. Anatta c. Anicca d. Dukkha ________52. According to research, your body will completely change in 7 years from now. Not a single molecule that currently exists in your body will be in you body in seven years. This explains which of the 3 marks of existence: a. Tanha b. Anatta c. Anicca d. Dukkha ________53. What is the Third Mark of existence? (Hint: it has something to do with the first noble truth). a. Sangha b. Anatta c. Anicca d. Dukkha ________54. When Buddhists reach Enlightenment, they are called to which of the following? a. Compassion b. Ahimsa c. Sympathy d. A & C e. A & B ________55. In Buddhism, another name for “Community” is _______________________: a. Tanha b. Cult c. Anicca d. Sangha ________56. Which school of Buddhism sees the Buddha as a teacher or guide? a. Mahayana b. Tibetan c. Theravada d. Zen ________57. Which school of Buddhism sees the Buddha as a savior? a. Mahayana b. Tibetan c. Theravada d. Zen ________58. Which school of Buddhism sees Arhats as ideal people? a. Mahayana b. Tibetan c. Theravada d. Zen ________59. What is Satori? a. A temple in Buddhism b. The Zen word for enlightenment c. The way into freedom from desire d. None of the Above ________60. What practice do Zen Buddhists use that constitutes a puzzle that seems illogical to the un-awakened mind? a. Koan b. Satori c. Rinzai d. Soto ________61. What are Bodhisattvas? a. People who reject salvation b. People who sacrifice themselves for others c. People who see Buddha as teachers d. A, & B e. All of the above ________62. The Dalai Lama is the central authority for the following school of Buddhism: a. Mahayana b. Tibetan c. Theravada d. Zen ________63. A set of hand positions that indicate the purpose or focus of the Buddhist’s meditation is called: a. Mandala b. Full Lotus c. Mantra d. Mudra ________64. Which of the following is true about the Theravada Buddhists: a. They see Buddha as a Savior b. They admire Bodhisattvas c. They must become monks for three months in their lifetime d. They have many community rituals ________65. Sand pattern sculpture that is created with precision and later destroyed by the Tibetan monks s called: a. Mandala b. Full Lotus c. Mantra d. Mudra ________66. Which of the following describes the Buddhist Creed: a. Buddhists follow the eightfold path b. Buddhists meditate daily c. Buddhists believe they have no soul d. Buddhism is divided in many schools ________67. Which of the following best describes the Buddhist Spiritual Perfection? a. Buddhists believe that the Atman reaches Brahman b. Buddhists think there are two options after enlightenment: Arhats and Bodhisattvas c. Buddhists Meditate until they become experts d. Martial Arts provide a good experience to Buddhists ________68. The Buddhist belief in samsara, karma and nirvana relates to which term? a. Code b. Cult c. Cosmology d. Spiritual Perfection ________69. Which of the following reflects the Buddhist Community? a. They have four different schools b. They meditate together in monasteries c. They must exercise compassion d. They believe we are all one ________70. Which of the following is not a Buddhist Code? a. Compassion b. Ahimsa c. Meditation d. Noble Eightfold Path e. 5 Precepts ________71. Which of the following is a part of the Hindu Creed? a. All living beings and gods are part of the one god, Brahman b. There is a social division called “Caste System” c. Each Caste has a Dharma to follow d. Everyone needs to perform daily Puja to the gods. ________72. Which of the following is an example of the Hindu Code? a. All living beings and gods are part of the one god, Brahman b. There is a social division called “Caste System” c. Each Caste has a Dharma to follow d. Everyone needs to perform daily Puja to the gods. ________73. Which of the following is true about Hinduism: a. They are non-theists b. Their idea of spiritual perfection is an ascetic c. They believe in Anatta d. They believe in non-violence ________74. Which of the following is a part of the Hindu cult? a. Bakti Marga followers dedicate themselves to the devotion of one deity b. Many Hindus choose not to follow the caste system c. Untouchables are the only ones that can touch dead bodies d. There are many schools or paths people can follow ________75. Which of the following options contains the MOST CORRECT SIMILARITIES between Buddhism and Hinduism: a. They believe in Karma, they worship many gods, and they prefer to be vegetarian. b. They believe in samsara, they deny the existence of god, and they pray to statues. c. They believe in some form of reincarnation, they have the concept of karma, and their goal involves liberation from the mundane world. d. They believe life is connected to god, they think people’s souls are part of god, and they want to become one with nature. ________76. Which of the following minor Asian Religions is non-theist? a. Shinto b. Sikhism c. Jainism d. Confucianism e. Taoism ________77. Which of the following religions believes that the universe is in a state of balance between good and evil? a. Shinto b. Sikhism c. Jainism d. Confucianism e. Taoism ________78. Which of the following religions practice extreme asceticism? a. Shinto b. Sikhism c. Jainism d. Confucianism e. Taoism ________79. Which of the following religions is considered the traditional religion in Japan? a. Shinto b. Sikhism c. Jainism d. Confucianism e. Taoism ________80. Which of the following believes that there is only one God? a. Shinto b. Sikhism c. Jainism d. Confucianism e. Taoism Part II: Venn Diagrams: (10 pts each) Create Two Venn Diagrams with 3 terms per category (Religion 1, BOTH, Religion 2). Below each Diagram, write a 5-10 sentence paragraph explaining your Venn Diagram (you must explain why you chose to place the terms you placed in the spots you placed). Diagram one: Compare and contrast Buddhism and Hinduism (10 pts) Remember: Three facts per category Hinduism BOTH Buddhism Diagram Two: Compare and contrast Buddhism or Hinduism to one Minor Religion (Jainism, Taoism, Sikhism, Confucianism, and Shinto). (10 pts) Remember: Three facts per category Main Rel: BOTH Minor Rel: Part III: Big Sentences: (5 pts each) Using the terms Provided, Create one BIG SENTENCE using at least 5 terms from Each Category. MAKE SURE TO UNDERLINE YOUR 5 CHOICES. Underline 5 only. Sentence one (5 pts): Terms: Brahman, Atman, Moksha, Samsara, Karma, Dharma, Caste System, 3 paths, Karma Marga, Jana Marga, Bakti Marga. Sentence two (5 pts): Terms: Samsara, Nirvana, Anatta, Enlightentment, Reincarnation, Annica, Dukkha. Part IV: Essay: (20 pts) Choose one of the main or minor religions we Discussed this semester (Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, Shinto, Sikhism, Confucianism, Taoism) and write an essay in response to the following prompt: Using the Four C’s of Religion (Creed, Cult, Code, Community), choose four terms/aspects/characteristics of this religion and sort them into these four categories. Write four paragraphs (one paragraph per category of each “C”) defining and explaining the terms you chose and why they sort into the categories you placed the terms in. Finally, Write a fifth paragraph your opinion on this religion. What is one thing you liked and Why? What is one thing you did not like and why? And what things would you incorporate into your own life?