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Transcript
Name: _________________________
Period: ____________
Date: ____________________
Comparative Religions – Mr. Ruiz
(130 pts)
Semester 1 Final Exam: Comparative Religions
Part I Multiple Choice. Choose the Best Response. (1pt each)
________1. What is Transcendence?
a. A train railroad
b. An interstate Highway
c. The capacity of human beings to cross something difficult
d. A quality of something that is beyond the mundane.
________2. A type of truth that is the real truth:
a. Objective truth
b. Subjective Truth
c. Mystery
d. Occult Science
________3. A type of truth that is based on our own opinions, perceptions,
experiences, learnings etc. is called:
a. Objective truth
b. Subjective Truth
c. Mystery
d. Occult Science
________4. Can humans achieve objective Truth?
a. Yes, we can do everything!
b. Yes, Humans have the capacity of strong analysis because we can
think
c. No, because humans are bound by our human condition
d. No, Humans are stupid
________5. All religions try to match their _______________________________ to the
___________________________, which is why they all have different opinions
about the world and how it works.
a. Objective Truth; Subjective Truth
b. Mystery; Objective Truth
c. Subjective Truth; Objective Truth
d. None of the above
________6. The real answer to the questions: “Why are we here? What does it mean
to be human? Etc.” is a:
a. Subjective Truth
b. Personal Truth
c. Mystery
d. A & B
________7.
The study of the Universe and how the world works is known as:
a. Astrology
b. Cosmology
c. Biology
d. Religion
________8. A religion’s Belief system is a:
a. Code
b. Cult
c. Creed
d. Community
________9. A religion’s ritualistic practices are called:
a. Code
b. Creed
c. Cult
d. Community
________10. What word describes the ideal human being?
a. Jesus
b. Spiritual Perfection
c. Transcendence
d. Determination
________11. The belief that the existence of a Deity is unknown but is important
for us to know is:
a. Atheism
b. Non-Theism
c. Agnosticism
d. Theism
________12. Which of the following believes that Deities do exist?
a. Atheism
b. Non-Theism
c. Agnosticism
d. Theism
________13. What is another name for Sacred Text?
a. Bible
b. Canon
c. Spell Book
d. None of the Above
________14. What is the difference between Science and Religion?
a. Science tries to find the existence of God while religion already
discovered it
b. Science is based on faith while religion is based on Data
c. Science uses only observable data to reach conclusions while
religion uses faith.
d. None of the Above
________15. True or False: Science and Religion are complete opposite
a. True: One believes in God and the other one does not
b. True: Facts and Data are not compatible
c. False: Science helps Religion discover God
d. False: Science gets to explain observable things (data) and religion
continues to explain the unknown through belief.
________16. True or False: Hinduism has no known founder.
a. True
b. False
________17. Hinduism is said to be a Monistic (as in “Monism”) religion because:
a. They have Many Gods
b. They have one God: Brahman
c. All the Gods are a part of the one god, Brahman
d. They worship the one true God: MO
________18. A part of Brahman that resides inside each person is called:
a. Soul
b. Brahmin
c. Atman
d. Anatta
________19. According to the Hindus, the universe is in a cycle of Life-DeathRebirth called:
a. Atman
b. Samsara
c. Moksha
d. Nirvana
________20. For the Hindus, their ultimate goal is to free themselves of the cycle of
Life-Death-Rebirth. This freedom is called:
a. Atman
b. Samsara
c. Moksha
d. Nirvana
________21. The First Path of Hinduism, also known as the Path of Action is called:
a. Karma Marga
b. Jahna Marga
c. Bakti Marga
d. Puja Marga
________22. This Path of Action emphasizes the social hierarchy established by
Hinduism. This hierarchy is known as:
a. Samsara
b. Moksha
c. Caste System
d. Sanatana Dharma
________23. Which force is responsible for determining your place in this
hierarchy?
a. Samsara
b. Karma
c. Dharma
d. Dukkha
________24. In this hierarchy mentioned above, the first “class is called the
Brahmins, which were:
a. Warriors
b. CEO’s
c. Priests
d. Workers
________25. In the Third “Class”, the people were considered:
a. Workers
b. Merchants
c. Warriors
d. Priests
________26. A “Fifth Class” NOT INCLUDED in this hierarchical system because
they are outcastes is called:
a. Untouchables
b. Sudras
c. Servants
d. A & C
________27. According to this hierarchy, one must follow their ______________________,
which is their role or duty as determined by the class one is in.
a. Karma
b. Nirvana
c. Moksha
d. Dharma
________28. The second Path of Hinduism is the path of Knowledge or
__________________________:
a. Karma Marga
b. Jahna Marga
c. Bakti Marga
d. Puja Marga
________29. This second path of Knowledge has three schools. The third School
attempts to UNITE the BODY with the SOUL. This school is known as:
a. Vajyana
b. Samadhi
c. Yoga
d. Puja
________30. The Final Path is called _____________________, which is the Path of
Devotion:
a. Karma Marga
b. Jahna Marga
c. Bakti Marga
d. Puja Marga
________31. Which of the following is Characteristic of the way the “Path of
Devotion” worships the deities?
a. They worship a different Deity every day
b. They choose one deity to worship as their main one
c. They Worship all deities daily
d. They only worship Vishnu.
________32. A Hindu ritual that takes place in the house (or sometimes as a
community) on a daily basis is called:
a. Mudra
b. Samsara
c. Moksha
d. Puja
e. Guru
________33. ______________________ is an incarnation of a god.
a. Jesus
b. Murti
c. Avatar
d. Vishnu
e. None of the Above
________34. Why are Cows venerated?
a. They symbolize life
b. They give good meat
c. They are incarnations of Brahmins
d. Gods use them as vehicles
________35. Sati is:
a. An outlawed practice
b. The burning of a Widow
c. The burning of the children
d. A & B
e. None of the above
________36. True or False: the caste system in India is CURRENTLY an important
part of India’s laws
a. True
b. False
________37. What is the Hindu version of spiritual perfection?
a. Ascetics
b. Buddhas
c. Forest Dwellers
d. Brahmins
e. Gurus
________38. Siddhartha Gautama was born of which Caste?
a. Brahmins
b. Kshatriyas
c. Gurus
d. Dalit
e. Sudra
________39. At one point in his life he escaped his palace for the first time and
saw:
a. The great going forth
b. His wife
c. The four passing sights
d. The white, six-tusked elephant
________40. During his Great Going Forth, Siddhartha leaves the castle and
engages in a Hindu practice that requires him to reject his physical needs
and starve himself in order to get to know oneself. This practice is:
a. Nirvana
b. Yoga
c. Puja
d. Extreme Asceticism
e. Forest dwelling
________41. Eventually, Siddhartha refuses to “starve himself” and opts for
______________________, which is a rejection of extremes in favor of
moderation.
a. Extreme Asceticism
b. The way of Kami
c. The Middle Way
d. The Rich Way
________42. Only when he follows this path of moderation does Siddhartha
become:
a. An Arhat
b. Enlightened
c. A Bodhisattva
d. Nirvana
________43. According to Buddhism, Dharma is:
a. Following one’s caste
b. The teachings of Buddha
c. The fourth noble truth
d. The second of the Eight Fold paths
________44. What is reborn when Buddhists die?
a. Energy/conscience
b. The Atman
c. The Soul
d. Some molecules of your body
________45. What is the Third Noble Truth?
a. Dukkha is caused by suffering
b. To Eliminate Tanha, you need to eliminate Dukkha
c. The elimination of Suffering comes from the elimination of Tanha
d. Tanha is caused by Dukkha
________46. According to the Second noble Truth, the cause of ________ is ___________.
a. Dukkha; Desire
b. Tanha; Dukkha
c. Suffering; Dukkha
d. Tanha; Desire
________47. The third, fourth, and fifth of the eight-fold paths (Right Speech, Right
Conduct, Right Livelihood) refers to which of the following Categories?
a. Wisdom
b. Concentration
c. Morality
d. Meditation
________48. Which of the following ideas does Buddhism share the most in
common with Hinduism (not just in name, but in practice or belief):
a. Nirvana
b. Moksha
c. Samsara
d. Dharma
________49. A liberation from the cycle of suffering that is a state of bliss is called:
a. Moksha
b. Puja
c. Nirvana
d. Anicca
________50. People who achieve enlightenment and choose to teach others and
later pass into Nirvana are:
a. Arhats
b. Gurus
c. Buddhas
d. Bodhisattvas
________51. Contrary to the Hindus, The Buddhists reject the idea of the SOUL.
This idea of No Soul called:
a. Sangha
b. Anatta
c. Anicca
d. Dukkha
________52. According to research, your body will completely change in 7 years
from now. Not a single molecule that currently exists in your body will be in
you body in seven years. This explains which of the 3 marks of existence:
a. Tanha
b. Anatta
c. Anicca
d. Dukkha
________53. What is the Third Mark of existence? (Hint: it has something to do
with the first noble truth).
a. Sangha
b. Anatta
c. Anicca
d. Dukkha
________54. When Buddhists reach Enlightenment, they are called to which of the
following?
a. Compassion
b. Ahimsa
c. Sympathy
d. A & C
e. A & B
________55. In Buddhism, another name for “Community” is _______________________:
a. Tanha
b. Cult
c. Anicca
d. Sangha
________56. Which school of Buddhism sees the Buddha as a teacher or guide?
a. Mahayana
b. Tibetan
c. Theravada
d. Zen
________57. Which school of Buddhism sees the Buddha as a savior?
a. Mahayana
b. Tibetan
c. Theravada
d. Zen
________58. Which school of Buddhism sees Arhats as ideal people?
a. Mahayana
b. Tibetan
c. Theravada
d. Zen
________59. What is Satori?
a. A temple in Buddhism
b. The Zen word for enlightenment
c. The way into freedom from desire
d. None of the Above
________60. What practice do Zen Buddhists use that constitutes a puzzle that
seems illogical to the un-awakened mind?
a. Koan
b. Satori
c. Rinzai
d. Soto
________61. What are Bodhisattvas?
a. People who reject salvation
b. People who sacrifice themselves for others
c. People who see Buddha as teachers
d. A, & B
e. All of the above
________62. The Dalai Lama is the central authority for the following school of
Buddhism:
a. Mahayana
b. Tibetan
c. Theravada
d. Zen
________63. A set of hand positions that indicate the purpose or focus of the
Buddhist’s meditation is called:
a. Mandala
b. Full Lotus
c. Mantra
d. Mudra
________64. Which of the following is true about the Theravada Buddhists:
a. They see Buddha as a Savior
b. They admire Bodhisattvas
c. They must become monks for three months in their lifetime
d. They have many community rituals
________65. Sand pattern sculpture that is created with precision and later
destroyed by the Tibetan monks s called:
a. Mandala
b. Full Lotus
c. Mantra
d. Mudra
________66. Which of the following describes the Buddhist Creed:
a. Buddhists follow the eightfold path
b. Buddhists meditate daily
c. Buddhists believe they have no soul
d. Buddhism is divided in many schools
________67. Which of the following best describes the Buddhist Spiritual
Perfection?
a. Buddhists believe that the Atman reaches Brahman
b. Buddhists think there are two options after enlightenment: Arhats
and Bodhisattvas
c. Buddhists Meditate until they become experts
d. Martial Arts provide a good experience to Buddhists
________68. The Buddhist belief in samsara, karma and nirvana relates to which
term?
a. Code
b. Cult
c. Cosmology
d. Spiritual Perfection
________69. Which of the following reflects the Buddhist Community?
a. They have four different schools
b. They meditate together in monasteries
c. They must exercise compassion
d. They believe we are all one
________70. Which of the following is not a Buddhist Code?
a. Compassion
b. Ahimsa
c. Meditation
d. Noble Eightfold Path
e. 5 Precepts
________71. Which of the following is a part of the Hindu Creed?
a. All living beings and gods are part of the one god, Brahman
b. There is a social division called “Caste System”
c. Each Caste has a Dharma to follow
d. Everyone needs to perform daily Puja to the gods.
________72. Which of the following is an example of the Hindu Code?
a. All living beings and gods are part of the one god, Brahman
b. There is a social division called “Caste System”
c. Each Caste has a Dharma to follow
d. Everyone needs to perform daily Puja to the gods.
________73. Which of the following is true about Hinduism:
a. They are non-theists
b. Their idea of spiritual perfection is an ascetic
c. They believe in Anatta
d. They believe in non-violence
________74. Which of the following is a part of the Hindu cult?
a. Bakti Marga followers dedicate themselves to the devotion of one
deity
b. Many Hindus choose not to follow the caste system
c. Untouchables are the only ones that can touch dead bodies
d. There are many schools or paths people can follow
________75. Which of the following options contains the MOST CORRECT
SIMILARITIES between Buddhism and Hinduism:
a. They believe in Karma, they worship many gods, and they prefer to
be vegetarian.
b. They believe in samsara, they deny the existence of god, and they
pray to statues.
c. They believe in some form of reincarnation, they have the concept of
karma, and their goal involves liberation from the mundane world.
d. They believe life is connected to god, they think people’s souls are
part of god, and they want to become one with nature.
________76. Which of the following minor Asian Religions is non-theist?
a. Shinto
b. Sikhism
c. Jainism
d. Confucianism
e. Taoism
________77. Which of the following religions believes that the universe is in a
state of balance between good and evil?
a. Shinto
b. Sikhism
c. Jainism
d. Confucianism
e. Taoism
________78. Which of the following religions practice extreme asceticism?
a. Shinto
b. Sikhism
c. Jainism
d. Confucianism
e. Taoism
________79. Which of the following religions is considered the traditional
religion in Japan?
a. Shinto
b. Sikhism
c. Jainism
d. Confucianism
e. Taoism
________80. Which of the following believes that there is only one God?
a. Shinto
b. Sikhism
c. Jainism
d. Confucianism
e. Taoism
Part II: Venn Diagrams: (10 pts each)
Create Two Venn Diagrams with 3 terms per category (Religion 1, BOTH, Religion
2). Below each Diagram, write a 5-10 sentence paragraph explaining your Venn
Diagram (you must explain why you chose to place the terms you placed in the spots
you placed).
Diagram one: Compare and contrast Buddhism and Hinduism (10 pts)
Remember: Three facts per category
Hinduism
BOTH
Buddhism
Diagram Two: Compare and contrast Buddhism or Hinduism to one Minor Religion
(Jainism, Taoism, Sikhism, Confucianism, and Shinto). (10 pts)
Remember: Three facts per category
Main Rel:
BOTH
Minor Rel:
Part III: Big Sentences: (5 pts each)
Using the terms Provided, Create one BIG SENTENCE using at least 5 terms from
Each Category. MAKE SURE TO UNDERLINE YOUR 5 CHOICES. Underline 5 only.
Sentence one (5 pts): Terms: Brahman, Atman, Moksha, Samsara, Karma,
Dharma, Caste System, 3 paths, Karma Marga, Jana Marga, Bakti Marga.
Sentence two (5 pts): Terms: Samsara, Nirvana, Anatta, Enlightentment,
Reincarnation, Annica, Dukkha.
Part IV: Essay: (20 pts)
Choose one of the main or minor religions we Discussed this semester (Buddhism,
Hinduism, Jainism, Shinto, Sikhism, Confucianism, Taoism) and write an essay in
response to the following prompt:
Using the Four C’s of Religion (Creed, Cult, Code, Community), choose four
terms/aspects/characteristics of this religion and sort them into these four
categories.
Write four paragraphs (one paragraph per category of each “C”) defining and
explaining the terms you chose and why they sort into the categories you placed the
terms in.
Finally, Write a fifth paragraph your opinion on this religion. What is one thing you
liked and Why? What is one thing you did not like and why? And what things would
you incorporate into your own life?