"HINDUISM" The Religious Dimension of Indian Culture Professor
... 2. Beyond samsara there is an abiding reality called Brahman, which the Upanishads describe
as the true reality of all things, including us. (Tat tvam asi: "That thou art"). Thus, our true self
(Atman) is Brahman, and when we gain true experiential awareness of that fact, we achieve moksha,
1 Working Title: Ineffability: The Liminality of Language in Daoism
... 1.1. Thesis: The roots of the concept of liminality in Chinese schools of Buddhism can be
linked to indigenous religious ideas within early religious Daoism.
2. Concept of liminality in early sources
2.1. Indigenous Chinese roots for such a core concept may be found in the first line of
Laozi’s Daod ...
... before or after, for everything
is everywhere always.
Brahman is intrinsically
dynamic= unformed, immortal,
All things are mutually related
–all of part of basic oneness.
Philosophy 206 - Orion Institute
... Instructions: Use whatever space you need to type your answers. Please do not use italics
Note: A brief description means adequate to show that you have the concept, but not a book.
I. The Beginnings of Buddhism and the Life of Buddha (p. 126)
1 After Siddhartha Gautama experienced suffering (The Fo ...
Ultimate Reality in the East: India, Persia, and China
... • The “Awakened One”: a name for the
founder of the Buddhist religion, the
ancient Indian prince, Siddharta Gautama,
after his enlightenment
• Buddhist view of the underlying unity is
sometimes called emptiness
• Emptiness in this context is not the
absence of things but rather a fullness
Brahman - Spokane Public Schools
... -Compiled by priests called Brahmins,
transmitted orally for centuries (written in
Sanskrit around 600 BCE)
-Brahmins gained power and wealth through the
performing of sacrifices and rituals
Dissatisfaction with Brahmins led to another
body of sacred texts
Upanishads (composed by anonymous think ...
... • Gradually spread to become India’s
– Developed from the Brahmin
priests’ explanations of the Vedas
• Brahman-the Hindu God
– A divine essence that fills
everything in the world
– A person’s individual essence
... – Follow the dharma (teaching of Buddha)
Cultural Traditions of India
... Indian Cultural Tradition =
• Diversity of gods, spirits, beliefs, practices,
rituals, and philosophies.
• Brahman – “World Soul” the final and
ultimate reality (similar to Chinese Dao)
• Only Brahman was real, not what humans
perceive with their senses = illusion.
• Final goa ...
03--Hinduism and Buddhism - Park Cities Baptist Church
... 13% of the world follows the Hindu faith, more than 800 million people. 6% of the
world, more than 360 million people, are Buddhists. Hinduism has existed as long as
history has been recorded. Buddhism was founded in 523 B.C. The two religions have
much in common, and present a similar challenge to ...
... Norms and Practices in the History of Indian Buddhism
This course focuses on the relations between norms and practices in Indian
Buddhism and in Buddhist Studies. Recurring questions will be: What do
prescriptive texts say about the ideal life as a Buddhist? Are there several,
perhaps even contradic ...
Hinduism and Buddhism
- In Hinduism, the consequences of how a
person lives is called ____
- In Tibet, the Buddhist leader who led
government was called the ____
- When religious leaders head a government, it
is called a ____
- ____ was founded by Siddhartha Gautama
... 6. Complete the chart below with the four sights that caused Siddhartha to seek the truth about
life, and the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism.
International Seminar on "Science, Vedanta and
... "Brahma Satyam Jagan Mithyā Jivo Brahmaiva Na Aparah" (Brahman the Absolute
alone is real; this world is unreal; and the Jiva or the individual soul is non-different from
According to Dr. C. P. Girija Vallabhan, in autumn of 1925 Schrodinger wrote:"Vedanta teaches
that consciousness is s ...
... Gautama was born into a wealthy Hindu family, but renounced his wealth to seek spiritual
Buddhism spread through ____________ ____________ to eastern Asia, including
China, Thailand, Korea and Japan.
In other areas, Buddhism was adapted and took on new forms.
Bufddhism is based on the ...
Religious Traditions of India
... part of a universal soul, also called atman. To Hindus,
atman and brahman are the same thing.
All things in nature are part of the same universal soul
Nonviolence; Respect nature and not struggle against it
Reincarnation: Rebirth of the soul in various forms ranging
from a god to a flower or a snake ...
Roots of Hinduism and Buddhism
... Hinduism is a collection
of religious beliefs
that developed slowly
over a long period of
time. Some aspects
of the religion can be
traced back to ancient
times, such as reciting
verses from the Vedas
PHILOSOPHY 100 (STOLZE)
... In the history of Indian Philosophy there have existed three broad
approaches to ontology (the philosophical study of what exists and
what is ultimately or fundamentally real):
Nondualism, also called non-duality, ""points to the idea that the universe and all its multiplicity are ultimately expressions or appearances of one essential reality."" It is a term and concept used to define various strands of religious and spiritual thought. It is found in a variety of Asian religious traditions and modern western spirituality, but with a variety of meanings and uses. The term may refer to: advaya, the nonduality of conventional and ultimate truth in the Mahayana Buddhist tradition; it says that there is no difference between the relative world and ""absolute"" reality; advaita, the non-difference of Ātman and Brahman or the Absolute; it is best known from Advaita Vedanta, but can also be found in Kashmir Shaivism, popular teachers like Ramana Maharshi and Nisargadatta Maharaj, and in the Buddha-nature of the Buddhist tradition; ""nondual consciousness"", the non-duality of subject and object; this can be found in modern spirituality.Its Asian origins are situated within both the Vedic and the Buddhist tradition and developed from the Upanishadic period onward. The oldest traces of nondualism in Indian thought may be found in the Chandogya Upanishad, which pre-dates the earliest Buddhism, while the Buddhist tradition added the highly influential teachings of śūnyatā; the two truths doctrine, the nonduality of the absolute and the relative truth; and the Yogacara notion of ""pure consciousness"" or ""representation-only"" (vijñaptimātra).The term has more commonly become associated with the Advaita Vedanta tradition of Adi Shankara, which took over the Buddhist notions of anutpada and pure consciousness but gave it an ontological interpretation, and provided an orthodox hermeneutical basis for heterodox Buddhist phenomology. Advaita Vedanta states that there is no difference between Brahman and Ātman, and that Brahman is ajativada, ""unborn,"" a stance which is also reflected in other Indian traditions, such as Shiva Advaita and Kashmir Shaivism.Vijñapti-mātra and the two truths doctrine, coupled with the concept of Buddha-nature, have also been influential concepts in the subsequent development of Mahayana Buddhism, not only in India, but also in China and Tibet, most notably the Chán (Zen) and Dzogchen traditions.The western origins are situated within Western esotericism, especially Swedenborgianism, Unitarianism, Transcendentalism and the idea of religious experience as a valid means of knowledge of a transcendental reality. Universalism and Perennialism are another important strand of thought, as reflected in various strands of modern spirituality, New Age and Neo-Advaita, where the ""primordial, natural awareness without subject or object"" is seen as the essence of a variety of religious traditions.