- CReaTE - Canterbury Christ Church University
... 2009:182). These are not the first or last people to have this opinion, and some scholars believe that
Buddhism could once again flourish in Thailand if its people were to abandon the practice and use
of such amuletic items, protective magic and superstitious ways (McDaniel, 2006:101). However,
Mindfulness in Schools
... remember, and that in the Buddhist context there is a close correlation between paying
attention to the present moment and ‘remembering’. A Buddhist pays attention to the present
moment, but with an intuitive awareness of what is happening in that moment, an awareness
informed by certain qualities a ...
Helen J. Baroni: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Zen
... monks and nuns live their lives guided by a special code of conduct. This understanding of Zen is based on its tradition of scholarship and religious discipline.
In Japanese, the term zen means “meditation.” Zen is an abbreviation of the
word zenna, which is derived from a Chinese term for meditatio ...
The Development of Kaji Kito in Nichiren Shu Buddhism
... today, whether it be rituals or doctrines, will become apparent. Upon understanding Esoteric
Buddhism in these two countries, we will progress into the historical and religious reasons
behind the incorporation of Esoteric Buddhism in specifically Shingon and Tendai Buddhism by
looking briefly at the ...
The Quintessence of Secret (Esoteric) Buddhism
... in the place of sentient beings, or to give out their merits to
enlighten them if it is possible to do so. They would go through
difficulties for the sake of humanity in their Incarnate Body. The
Incarnate Body can self-divide into hundred of thousands of
appearances. The Bodhisattva can incarnate a ...
Analytical Buddhism: The Two
... properly described? Are there real, not just apparent, convergences between
descriptions of nibbāna in different Eastern traditions such as Buddhism and
Vedanta? How much is religion and how much is reality?
I am deeply interested in the psychological possibility of nibbāna, both
from a practical ...
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION
... The phrases ‘early Buddhism,’ ‘early Buddhist,’ and ‘early Buddhist schools’ in this work refer to what is generally
regarded as prior to Mahāyāna thought. It is perhaps similar to what scholars call ‘Hīnayāna Buddhism’ [Nalinaksha Dutt,
"The Doctrine of Kāya in Hīnayana and Mahāyāna," The Indian Hi ...
Kosalan Philosophy dissertation - University of California, Berkeley
... West received the Vedas and other Asian texts in the nineteenth century, prompting new
projects to explain the influx of foreign ideas in relation to western religion, history, and
philosophy. The work of Friedrich Max Müller and Ralph Waldo Emerson at this time
shows that the task of philosophy to ...
The Seeker`s Glossary of Buddhism
... Buddhism, which first appeared a year ago. The text is a compendium of excerpts and quotations from some 350 works by monks,
nuns, professors, scholars and other laypersons from nine different
countries, in their own words or in translation. The editors have
merely organized the material, adding a f ...
ATINER`s Conference Paper Series HIS2015-1862
... of texts, known as Prajñāpāramitā literature. The concept of
Prajñāpāramitā flourished in these texts over many centuries; before the
influence of Tantric elements, which became very popular in the Indian
subcontinent after the 5th -6th century, became a part of it. With the
development of the Vajra ...
Buddhāvataṃsaka-sūtra - REAL-d
... was one method to relate these teachings. Another method was the usage of two terms
Faxiangzong and Faxingzong. The term Faxiangzong was created by Fazang to denote the
Yogācāra teachings of Xuanzang, while Faxingzong was formulated by Chengguan to include
both Tathāgatagarbha and Madhyamaka teachin ...
Nietzsche and Buddha - Western Political Science Association
... consistent, they differ widely in terminology, context, and emphasis. It would be impossible to
discuss all of them in a single essay, and so I will focus on the teachings on the self found in
Early or Canonical Buddhism. 2 All Buddhist traditions and schools recognize the texts of
Canonical Buddhis ...
Nor is it clear to me, as people are born and die
... Ruth Marshall, Juhn Ahn, and Pamela Klassen. Thanks to Professor Klassen and Kendra
Hawke for orchestrating this exciting meeting.
It seems to me now that every single opportunity I have taken advantage of as I
progressed toward the completion of this dissertation has been made possible, in ways big ...
Durham e-Theses - Durham University
... The full-text may be used and/or reproduced, and given to third parties in any format or medium, without prior permission or
charge, for personal research or study, educational, or not-for-prot purposes provided that:
Wesak and the Re-Creation of Buddhist Tradition
... from the Latin root, idem, the word “identity”, meaning “the same”, actually has two meanings. The first,
as the Latin root indicates, refers to the idea of “absolute sameness”. The second definition, cited in Peter
Jenkin’s book, Social Identity, “is a concept of distinctiveness which presumes cons ...
Chapter 1 - Princeton University Press
... things, matters (etc.)”.
Moreover, it must be emphasized that Pyrrho sees pragmata as disputed matters.12 If people agreed on pragmata or did not argue about
them, they would not be characterizable as Pyrrho says. They would
already be decided and no problem. Arguments about opposing or disputed “ma ...
Prince Shōtoku`s Commentary on the Śrīmālā-sūtra
... of the three vehicles—the bodhisattva, pratyekabuddha, and śrāvaka. The Shōmangyō gisho also refers to the ekayāna in contrast to the two vehicles; some
of these references point to the paths of the pratyekabuddha and śrāvaka, while
others refer to pratyekabuddhas and arhats. The term ekayāna is als ...
Chapter 1 - Stanford University
... that already existed between my subject and me. However, it is extremely important to
note that this is not the word that Mahars use to refer to themselves (They would use
dalit, Dalit Buddhist, Neo-Buddhist, Mahar, or Ambedkarite.)
I also make a distinction between “Buddhism,” “Ambedkar’s Buddhism, ...
1 Glossary Words are listed here according to the language in which
... Chan (Chinese) = the Chinese school of Buddhism that was the ancestor of Zen
dharma (Skt., Jap. 法 ho) = central notion of Buddhism, used in various
meanings. 1. The cosmic law, the “great norm,” underlying our
world; above all, the law of karmically determined rebirth. 2. The
teaching of t ...
How Mindfulness Becomes Mindlessness – A Hermeneutical
... Satipatthana Sutta, interpreted by Bhikkhu Analayo (2003), is an important Eastern source relative to the concept of
sati because it enables us to explore the literal meaning of original Buddhist texts and their doctrinal implications relative
This approach, however, also has its lim ...
... the Pali Text Society, London, (2001)
Nondualism, also called non-duality, ""points to the idea that the universe and all its multiplicity are ultimately expressions or appearances of one essential reality."" It is a term and concept used to define various strands of religious and spiritual thought. It is found in a variety of Asian religious traditions and modern western spirituality, but with a variety of meanings and uses. The term may refer to: advaya, the nonduality of conventional and ultimate truth in the Mahayana Buddhist tradition; it says that there is no difference between the relative world and ""absolute"" reality; advaita, the non-difference of Ātman and Brahman or the Absolute; it is best known from Advaita Vedanta, but can also be found in Kashmir Shaivism, popular teachers like Ramana Maharshi and Nisargadatta Maharaj, and in the Buddha-nature of the Buddhist tradition; ""nondual consciousness"", the non-duality of subject and object; this can be found in modern spirituality.Its Asian origins are situated within both the Vedic and the Buddhist tradition and developed from the Upanishadic period onward. The oldest traces of nondualism in Indian thought may be found in the Chandogya Upanishad, which pre-dates the earliest Buddhism, while the Buddhist tradition added the highly influential teachings of śūnyatā; the two truths doctrine, the nonduality of the absolute and the relative truth; and the Yogacara notion of ""pure consciousness"" or ""representation-only"" (vijñaptimātra).The term has more commonly become associated with the Advaita Vedanta tradition of Adi Shankara, which took over the Buddhist notions of anutpada and pure consciousness but gave it an ontological interpretation, and provided an orthodox hermeneutical basis for heterodox Buddhist phenomology. Advaita Vedanta states that there is no difference between Brahman and Ātman, and that Brahman is ajativada, ""unborn,"" a stance which is also reflected in other Indian traditions, such as Shiva Advaita and Kashmir Shaivism.Vijñapti-mātra and the two truths doctrine, coupled with the concept of Buddha-nature, have also been influential concepts in the subsequent development of Mahayana Buddhism, not only in India, but also in China and Tibet, most notably the Chán (Zen) and Dzogchen traditions.The western origins are situated within Western esotericism, especially Swedenborgianism, Unitarianism, Transcendentalism and the idea of religious experience as a valid means of knowledge of a transcendental reality. Universalism and Perennialism are another important strand of thought, as reflected in various strands of modern spirituality, New Age and Neo-Advaita, where the ""primordial, natural awareness without subject or object"" is seen as the essence of a variety of religious traditions.