Download World Religions

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Silk Road transmission of Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

Decline of Buddhism in the Indian subcontinent wikipedia, lookup

Pre-sectarian Buddhism wikipedia, lookup

Noble Eightfold Path wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
ANCIENT WORLD
RELIGIONS
HINDUISM, BUDDHISM, CONFUCIANISM, JUDAISM,
DAOISM
WARM-UP
• What form of religion did Ancient Civilizations
believe in?
• List any religions that you can think of (bullet points)
HINDUISM
• Location: India
• Polytheistic
• Vedas
• Collection of hymns and ceremonies passed down by
priests
• Brahma-main deity or supreme being
• Vishnu-The Preserver
• Shiva-The Destroyer
HINDUISM
• Principles
• Yoga
• Method of training to become “one” with Brahman and achieve
unification with this God
• Reincarnation
• The individual soul is reborn in a different form after death to
achieve union with Brahman
• Karma
• What people do in their current lives will determine what they are in
their next lives
• Every action has a reaction
• Dharma
• Divine Law-requires all people to do their duty; if you didn’t do your
duty then it was considered bad Karma
MAP OF ANCIENT INDIA
BUDDHISM
• Location: Originally in India; moved to China
• Founder
• Siddhartha Gautama-”Enlightened One”
• After meditation he claimed that he had ‘awakened’ and
seen the world in a new way
• Principles
• Nirvana-Ultimate reality; end of the self and the reunion with
the “Great World Soul”
BUDDHISM
• Principles
• Four Noble Truths
• Ordinary life is full of suffering
• This suffering is caused by our desire to satisfy ourselves
• The way to end suffering is to end desire for selfish goals and to
see others as extensions of ourselves
• The way to end desire is to follow the Middle Path (Eight Fold
Path)
• Eight Fold Path
• Right View, Right Intention, Right Speech, Right Action, Right
Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration
• Meditation
• Became the basic principle of Buddhism
CONFUCIANISM
• Location: China
• Principles
• Political and Ethical, not spiritual
• Most significant idea: Government service should be open to all
men, not just noble birth
• Duty and Humanity (the Dao or “Way”)
• Five Constant Relationships
• Founded by Confucius
• Upset by violence and moral decay of China
• Analects
• Record of his teachings and saying
JUDAISM
• Location: Israel
• Monotheism-Belief in one supreme God
• Yaweh
• Yaweh or God created the Heavens and Earth
• Moses and the Walk to Freedom
• It was said that Moses freed the Jews from servitude in Egypt
and set forth to Canaan and founded their homeland (40 yrs)
• Principles
•
•
•
•
Ethical and Spiritual-The search for Truth
The Torah-first five books of the Bible
Morality and Moral Law
13 main principles to live by
JUDAISM
• Ten Commandments (Old Testament)
• Ten rules/covenants to live by
• Creation of the Old Testament, earliest version of the Bible
• Use the first five books of the Bible, called the Torah
• Prophets
• Claimed to be the speakers of God’s will on Earth-Moses
was a prophet
• Could not be integrated into another community if
conquered
• If conquered Israelites and Jews would not be able to
adapt to a new religion because they were the only ones
at that time to have a belief in one God
MAP OF ANCIENT ISRAEL
• http://video.pbs.org/video/1461557530/