Download Lincoln`s Election and Fort Sumter PPT

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Fort Stanton (Washington, D.C.) wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Island Number Ten wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Fort Donelson wikipedia, lookup

Fort Monroe wikipedia, lookup

Siege of Fort Pulaski wikipedia, lookup

Gettysburg Address wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip wikipedia, lookup

Anaconda Plan wikipedia, lookup

Galvanized Yankees wikipedia, lookup

Tennessee in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Georgia in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Capture of New Orleans wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Fort Henry wikipedia, lookup

Virginia in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Lost Cause of the Confederacy wikipedia, lookup

Origins of the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries wikipedia, lookup

Commemoration of the American Civil War on postage stamps wikipedia, lookup

Battle of New Bern wikipedia, lookup

Confederate privateer wikipedia, lookup

Baltimore riot of 1861 wikipedia, lookup

Fort Fisher wikipedia, lookup

Border states (American Civil War) wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Port Royal wikipedia, lookup

Alabama in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Mississippi in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Opposition to the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Conclusion of the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Redeemers wikipedia, lookup

Fort Sumter wikipedia, lookup

Union (American Civil War) wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Fort Sumter wikipedia, lookup

Battle of Fort Pillow wikipedia, lookup

United Kingdom and the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

South Carolina in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Hampton Roads Conference wikipedia, lookup

Issues of the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

United States presidential election, 1860 wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Abraham Lincoln’s Election &
Fort Sumter
Chapter 5, Lesson 4
The Election of 1860
• Democratic Party candidate: Douglas
• Democratic Party south: Breckinridge
• Republican Party:
LINCOLN
Stephen A. Douglas
• West should decide for themselves about
slavery.
John Breckinridge
• Democratic candidate popular with
southerners
• Government should allow slavery
everywhere in the West.
Abraham Lincoln
• Republican candidate
• Against the SPREAD of slavery
• Promised not to stop slavery in the South
where it was already practiced.
• Said he hoped it would one day END
there, too.
Worried White Southerners
• Many in the South were afraid if Lincoln
were elected, slavery would be outlawed.
• Some even said they would LEAVE the
Union if Lincoln was elected.
Lincoln Elected President
• November 6, 1860
• December 20, 1860 South Carolina’s leaders
seceded from the Union.
• Later SIX other southern states seceded:
–
–
–
–
–
–
Mississippi
Florida
Alabama
Georgia
Louisiana
Texas
The Confederate States of America
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
South Carolina
Mississippi
Florida
Louisiana
Alabama
Georgia
Texas
Fort Sumter
• Some advised Lincoln to “Let the states
go”
• Others said, “Give in on the slavery
question.”
• Still others said, “Use the ARMY to end
their revolt!”
Lincoln’s Choices
• He wanted to prevent war.
• “We are not enemies, but friends.”
THE VERY NEXT DAY
An important message came from
Major Robert Anderson
commander at Fort Sumter:
Urgent!
• Message from Commander Anderson
Supplies at the Fort
are almost gone. If
new supplies are not
sent soon, we will be
forced to surrender
the fort to the
Confederacy.
What to Do???
• If I send supplies…Southerners might
attack.
• If I send troops….Southerners WILL
attack.
• If I do nothing…the commander will have
to surrender.
Decision
• Lincoln decided to send supply ships
• And see what the Southerners would do
Confederate President Davis
• Davis decided to take over the fort
BEFORE the supply ships arrived.
• Demanded them to surrender.
• NEVER!
• The Confederate troops FIRED on the fort,
Major Anderson and his men ran out of
ammunition and had to give up.
The Civil War has Begun!
• Lincoln called for Americans to join the
army to stop the rebellion.
• Frightened southern states not in the
Confederacy now joined with the other 7
states.
• Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North
Carolina
• 11 States Strong