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Chapter 8: Ancient Greece Study Guide 1. The mountain ranges encouraged a spirit of independence among the Greeks. 2. One result of the independent spirit of the early Greeks was frequent wars between citystates. 3. People who live in Crete influenced early civilization in Greece. 4. Only male citizens were allowed to vote in Greek citystates. 5. Early Greek civilization was brought to an end by the Dorians. 6. In ancient Greece, people were ranked according to their social and legal status. 7. Spartan women had greater freedom than Athenian women. 8. Trade with Greek colonies in Asia Minor brought the first coins to ancient Greece. 9. Of the government body, the assembly best illustrates the principles and practice of direct democracy in ancient Athens. 10. Wealthy people benefited most from the oligarchies that governed many ancient Greek citystates. 11. A woman’s most important role in Spartan society was to produce and raise strong boys to be soldiers. 12. The council of elders held the most power in Sparta’s government. 13. The roles and rights of women in Sparta differ from the roles and rights of women in most other Greek citystates in that Spartan women could sell their property. 14. Colonization brought the greatest change to a citystate’s merchants because they grew rich from trade. 15. In the epic poem the Iliad, the poet Homer told the story of a long war the early Greeks waged against Troy. 16. The type of government in which the “best” people inherited the right to rule a Greek citystate was call an aristocracy. 17. Government in Sparta differed from government in Athens in that Sparta’s citizens had a smaller voice in their government. 18. The Athenians’ “addiction to innovation” prepared them for the peak era of the Greek empire, known as the Hellenistic Period because by being open to change, the Athenians were willing to try new ideas, ones that led to greatness. 19. Many of the Greek citystates developed sea trade as part of their economies. Sparta never became a sea power because the center of Sparta was too far inland. 20. The rise of a merchant class was part of the establishment of colonies of the expansion of the Greek citystates. 21. Using coins led to an economic revolution in the Greek citystates because coins of uniform size and value made trade easier across the region. 22. The ancient Greek form of government in which one leader ruled with the people’s support was called tyranny. 23. The form of government that we know today as democracy first arose in ancient Greece in the citystates of Athens. 24. In Sparta, ordinary citizens had most of their important decisions made for them. 25. In the mid 400s B.C., Athens created citizen juries, which put legal decisions in the hands of the people. 26. The idea of citizenship, or a membership in a community, was developed in Athens and gave individuals rights and responsibilities. 27. The demand for more products to export led to a growth in agriculture does NOT describe how the development of trade affected the economy of ancient Greece. 28. A Greek Ship sailing from Athens to Rhodes would travel in a southeastern direction. 29. It is incorrect to say that Greek women could sell property.