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Chapter 3 Section 1 The Origins of the Hebrews Torah • First five books of the Hebrew Bible. • Gives the early history, laws, and beliefs of the Hebrews. Abraham • Chosen by God to be the father of the Hebrew people. • God commanded Abraham to leave Ur and travel to Canaan. Abraham • Abraham and his people believed Canaan to be the promised land which would belong to their descendents. Monotheism • Belief in ONE all powerful God. • Unlike most other cultures, the Hebrews were monotheistic. Judaism • The Jewish faith • Name comes from the tribe of Judah, one of the 12 tribes of Israel. Israelites • New name taken by the Hebrews in Canaan after Abraham’s grandson Jacob otherwise known as Israel. Exile to Egypt • The Israelites fled to Egypt because of a terrible famine in Canaan. Enslaved in Egypt • The Israelites were enslaved by the Pharaoh and forced to work on building projects. Moses • He takes charge of the Israelites and leads them out of Egypt. Exodus • The migration of Israelites out of Egypt led by Moses. • They wandered the Sinai Desert for 40 years. The Ten Commandments • Law given to Moses by God on Mount Sinai and became basis of law for Israelites. Return to Canaan • Canaan had been taken over by various groups. • Israelites organized 12 tribes and formed an army to retake Canaan. Return to Canaan • The first city to fall was Jericho. • It took 200 years for the Israelites to reclaim all of Canaan.