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ITALY: BIRTHPLACE OF THE RENAISSANCE For each main heading write the main idea. For each sub heading, write 2 supporting details from that section that support the main idea. Part of the first one has been done for you. Italy’s Advantages: The Renaissance was a time of creativity. o City-States City-states in northern Europe were a great place for people to exchange ideas and an ideal breeding ground for an intellectual revolution. The bubonic plague killed thousands and forced merchants to pursue other interests such as art. o Merchants and the Medici o Looking to Greece and Rome Classical and Worldly Values: o Classics lead to Humanism o Worldly Pleasures o Patrons of the Arts o The Renaissance Man o The Renaissance Woman The Renaissance Revolutionizes Art: o Realistic Painting and Sculpture o Leonardo, Renaissance Man o Raphael Advances Realism o Anguissola and Gentileschi Renaissance Writers Change Literature: o Petrarch and Boccaccio o Machiavelli Advises Rulers o Vittoria Collonna he word "___________________" is a French word that means “_____________.” From about _________ to ________, a revival of interest in the values and arts of Greece and Rome led to a golden age of cultural blending and _______________. This Renaissance transformed Western European life. During this period, Italy was divided into _____________ ruled by prominent families who were elevated to power through wealth acquired by _______ ________ ___________with the East. A merchant class emerged to provide goods and services such as _____________to the upper class. _____________ ______________ and the _____________ _______________began to commission ___________ and ________________ to create masterpieces that would beautify their daily existence and remind one of the greatness that was once ___________. he Renaissance is divided into _________ sections: the ___________ Renaissance and the __________ Renaissance. In the early period, painters and sculptors such as Giotto, Botticelli, and _______________ created works that inspired later artists _________________ and ____________ ___ ___________. These new ideas spread northward through the ______________ ______________and the Renaissance began to flourish in the kingdoms to the _____________ as well. The ideas continued to____________ _______________. Flemish painters, Pieter _______________ the Elder, the _______ ___________brothers, and German painter, Albrecht ______________, used the newly invented _________ paint and added another dimension of deep color to paint. Another dimension followed in the addition of dramatic _____________ and _________________ called ______________________. uring the Renaissance, the Western European world image shifted from a _________________ view to a _________________, or_________________, outlook due to the discovery of the “New World” and new contact with the ancient civilizations further _____________. Renaissance intellectuals, Sir Thomas More and ______________ of Rotterdam had a growing _______________ in individual __________________ ________________ and _________________. This new ______________ on _____________ ________________ of the __________________ was called "______________________. " Writers began to use their native ____________________ (called their vernacular) rather than Latin to express their ideas beyond the upper class. Petrarch, Boccaccio, and _________________ were the earlier writers who practiced this style. As the Renaissance spread northward, other writers followed their lead: Cervantes in Spain, Rabelais in France, and the ever-popular ______________________of England. The invention of __________________ ____________by Johannes Gutenberg (1445) not only facilitated the printing of books, but also helped to teach the master printers and their apprentices to read and made books much ______________ to purchase, thus spreading Renaissance ideas to the__________________ ________________.