Download Judaism - Europe

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Jewish views on marriage wikipedia, lookup

On the Jewish Question wikipedia, lookup

Jonathan Sacks wikipedia, lookup

The Invention of the Jewish People wikipedia, lookup

Jewish views on sin wikipedia, lookup

Who is a Jew? wikipedia, lookup

Supersessionism wikipedia, lookup

Halakha wikipedia, lookup

The Reform Jewish cantorate during the 19th century wikipedia, lookup

Brit milah wikipedia, lookup

Hamburg Temple disputes wikipedia, lookup

Reform Judaism wikipedia, lookup

Conservative Judaism wikipedia, lookup

Homosexuality and Judaism wikipedia, lookup

Jewish views on evolution wikipedia, lookup

Index of Jewish history-related articles wikipedia, lookup

Orthodox Judaism wikipedia, lookup

Ritual washing in Judaism wikipedia, lookup

Conversion to Judaism wikipedia, lookup

Conservative halakha wikipedia, lookup

Interfaith marriage in Judaism wikipedia, lookup

Matrilineality in Judaism wikipedia, lookup

Origins of Rabbinic Judaism wikipedia, lookup

Jewish religious movements wikipedia, lookup

Jewish views on religious pluralism wikipedia, lookup

Jewish schisms wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Jakub Lipczyk
Hubert Sulich
Max Noonan
Preston Chonkar
JUDAISM
HISTORY OF JUDAISM



History of Judaism is told in the
Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), which
is a collection of three holy
books
Judaism originated about
3800 years ago with Abraham
(c. 1800 B.C.)
He was hailed as the father of
the Jewish people
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/history/history_1.shtml
SPREAD OF JUDAISM
Abraham moved to Canaan
(the Promised Land) to start a
new religion
 The Jews were enslaved by
the Egyptian pharoah, and
then rescued by Moses
 Judaism prospered during the
rule of several powerful kings,
such as Saul, David, and
Solomon
 Today, there are over 13
million followers of Judaism

MAJOR EVENTS
Plagued by famine, many followers
of Judaism migrated to Egypt,
where they were enslaved
 They were led to freedom by
Moses (during the Exodus), who
was given the Ten Commandments
by God
 Israel was formed as a political
nation in 1400 B.C.
 First Israeli king was Saul, who
defeated the Ammonites (c. 1020
B.C.)

MAJOR EVENTS (CONTINUED)
The Eastern Roman Empire
passed a number of laws that
restricted believing in Judaism
(5th century A.D.)
 Many Jews were brutally
murdered during the Crusades
(1096-1188 A.D.)
 The Holocaust was perhaps the
worst moment in the history of
Judaism, when around six
million Jews were killed by the
Nazis (1939-1945 A.D.)

MAIN PRINCIPLES OF JUDAISM

Judaism is monotheistic, meaning that Jews
believe in only one almighty God

Three main denominations: Orthodox, Reform,
and Conservative Judaism

Orthodox – Traditional form of Judaism

Reform – Over one and a half million Jews are
members of “The Union for Reform Judaism”

Conservative – Moderate position between
Orthodox and Reform, founded by Zacharias
Frankel (1801-1875)
JEWISH CALENDAR

Jewish calendar is based on
three astronomical phenomena:
Rotation of the Earth about its axis
 Revolution of the moon about the
Earth
 Revolution of the Earth about the
Sun


Months are either 29 or 30 days,
years are either 12 or 13 months
Jewish Calendar
Length
English
Number
Civil Equivalent
Nissan
1
30 days
March-April
Iyar
2
29 days
April-May
Sivan
3
30 days
May-June
Tammuz
4
29 days
June-July
Av
5
30 days
July-August
Elul
6
29 days
August-September
Tishri
7
30 days
September-October
Cheshvan
8
29 or 30 days
October-November
Kislev
9
30 or 29 days
NovemberDecember
Tevet
10
29 days
December-January
Shevat
11
30 days
January-February
Adar I (Leap years
only)
12
30 days
February-March
Adar (called Adar
Beit in leap years)
12 (13 in leap
years)
29 days
February-March
MAJOR HOLIDAYS/CUSTOMS





Brit/Bris milah – Circumcision of
child
Rosh Hashanah – Jewish New Year
Yom Kippur – Holiday of atonement
and repentence
Channukah – Eight-day Jewish
holiday commemorating the
rededication of the Holy Temple
in Jerusalem at the time of
the Maccabean Revolt
Pesach (Passover) – holiday
commemorating the Israelites’
escape from Egypt
WORKS CITED



http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/judaism/history/histor
y_1.shtml
http://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/history.htm
http://www.majorreligionsoftheworld.com/jewish_denominatio
ns.php