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Transcript
Muslim Empires
 Islam is expanding and growing powerful
after Muhammad’s death
 The Arab Muslim Empire and the Spread of
Islam
 Early Conquests
 600’s Muslim soldiers conquered
Persia and much of Byzantine
 Mesopotamia, Palestine, Syria,
Egypt, Afghanistan, and Northern
India
 800- Vast empire
 Islam Spreads
 Spreads peacefully at different
speeds
o N. Africa quick to convert
o Egypt remains Christian for
centuries
 Arabic language spread to many
parts of the empire with Islam
 Merchants helped diffuse
(spread) religions with
missionaries
o South Asia, S.E. Asia and
Africa turned to Islam
 Reasons for Success
 Decline of Persian and Byzantine
empires
o Left weak from war
 Religious faith gave Muslim
warriors desire to win battle
 Religious toleration (did not
force religion on conquered
people)
 Appeal of Islam
o Emphasized equality among
all
 Society in the Arab Muslim Empire
o Social Divisions
 Four main groups in early days of
Muslim Empire
 Arab Muslims (1)
 Non- Arab Muslims (2)
 Jews and Christians (3)
 Slaves (4)
o Did not have rights as free
people but Islam required
them to be treated well
o Men and Women
 Men
 Support families
 Conduct business
 Women
 Stayed at home
 Fewer rights than men
 Conditions of women did
improve under Islam
 Jews and Christians
 Shared religious books
o “People of the Book”
 The Caliphs
o