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The Rise of Muslim States
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Expansion under the
By 661, the Umayyads took over Islam.
In less than 100 years, they had
expanded the empire into Asia, Africa,
and Europe.
The Golden Age of Islam
Islam entered a
golden age in
around 800 AD.
Advancements in art and
Muslims did not use the human form in art.
They thought it took away from their worship
of God.
Arabic script began being used for art.
Arabic is the language of the Qur’an.
Artists became skilled at calligraphy.
Calligraphy is the art of handwriting.
Calligraphers decorated many things,
including buildings.
Muslims also produced great works of
The most famous were stories of great
adventure and fantasy called The
Thousand and One Nights.
Other famous stories like Sinbad the
Sailor and Aladdin came out of this
period of Muslim history.
A Thousand and One Nights
Sinbad the Sailor and Aladdin
Muslims invented a
new numbering
system, It was
called, Hisab al-abr:
“the addition of one
thing to another.
Al-jabr is the origin
of the word…
 Muslim doctors were
the first to identify and
describe diseases such
as smallpox and
 They were the first to
create public hospitals.
 Muslim doctors wrote
an encyclopedia of
drugs that was used for
600 years.
 They also created the
first pharmacy schools.