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Transcript
Grade 9 Music Exam Review - Skip down to the end for EXAM PIECE
Terms to know and understand:
Cresc.(crescendo) - gradually get louder
Decresc. (decrescedo) – gradually get softer
p – piano- soft
mp – mezzo piano – medium soft
f – forte – strong or loud
mf – mezzo forte – medium loud
ff – fortissimo – very loud
molto – more or very
meno – less or little
bass clef (other name?) – f - clef
treble clef (other name?) – g- clef
fermata - pause
legato – play smooth and connected
staccato – play light and detached
rit. (ritardando) – gradually slow down
D.C. al fine – Da Capo (the top) - Go back to the beginning and play until you see
the word “Fine”
D.S. al fine – Dal Segno (the sign) – go back to the sign and play until you see the
word “Fine”
All note and rest values to sixteenths – note value tree - draw and label
What does a dot do to a note’s value? – it adds half the value of the note (dotted
half becomes 3 beats – 2 +1 = 3)
Slur – connects two different notes with a curved line – play smooth without
tonguing.
Tie – connects two of the same note with a curved line – hold the note for the length
of the two note values added together
Accent - > - emphasize a particular note
Sharp - # - raises a note by one semi-tone
Flat – b – lowers a note by one semi- tone
Chromatic semitone – a semi-tone where both notes have the same letter name
(like in the chromatic scale)
Diatonic semitone – a semi-tone where each of the notes have a different letter
name
Time signature (top and bottom numbers) – Top number tells you how many beats
per measure. Bottom note tells you what kind of note equals 1 beat.
Key signature (write and label) (aC0Ca chart)
FCGDAEB
BEADGCF
-
+
Sharp
Keys
Sharp
Keys
a
C
e
no. of
sharps or
flats
+
-
Flat
Flat
Keys
Keys
0
C
a
G
1
F
d
b
D
2
Bb
g
f#
A
3
Eb
c
c#
E
4
Ab
f
g#
B
5
Db
b flat
d#
F#
6
Gb
e flat
a#
C#
7
Cb
a flat
Staff - five lines on which music is written
Grand staff – treble staff and bass staff attached by a brace
Bar (measure) – a unit of division of the staff based on the time signature. Divided
by vertical lines called bar lines
Ledger line (how do we name them) – lines that extend the staff both above an
below.
Accidental – sharps, flats or naturals that occur within the music, right beside the
notes. This is often distinguished from using a key signature.
Interval –the distance between any two notes – 1, 4, 5 and 8 are perfect and 2, 3, 6
and 7 are major above the notes in a major scale
Semi-tone – half-step – two directly adjacent notes on the piano
Tone (whole-tone) – two semi-tones – the distance between two notes on the
piano, with one key between them.
Formula for major scale – Tone, Tone, Semi-tone, Tone, Tone, Tone, semi-tone
Solo – one player alone, soli – one section of instruments alone, tutti – everyone
plays
Elements of Music for Analyzing Music –
O Fortuna – from Carmina Burana by Carl Orff
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k0HLplgOcXs&feature=related
Musical Element
Melody
Rhythm
Tempo and
Dynamics
Definition
The tune: a succession of
notes forming a distinctive
sequence. The memorable,
singable part of a song
The pattern of musical
movement through time.
A specific kind of such a
pattern, formed by a series of
notes differing in duration and
stress:
Expressive qualities of music:
Tempo – fastness or slowness
of music and the changes of
speed
Dynamics – loudness and
softness and the changes of
volume
The structure of a piece of
music and how the parts are
organized or put together
Description
Conjunct melody ( only moves between
a few notes)
2. variety and excitement added by
repeating the melody up the octave
which is the only thing that gives the
piece a wide range.
1. Dramatic intro with long notes with
rhythmic unison
2. Driving, repetitive rhythm gives it
energy. Complex
3. Rests between rhythmic motifs create a
sense of anticipation.
4. Unison rhythms (everyone singing the
same rhythm increases the intensity.
5. Rhythmic motion speeds up at the end
to bring the piece to its climax
1. Slow to moderate tempo at the start
which contrasts with the fast moving
tempo in the last 3 or 4 measures.
2. Huge dynamic contrast. Loud opening,
very quiet on the driving eighth notes.
Suddenly gets louder. It reaches both
dyanamic and emotional climax right at
the very end.
Part A, Part B, Part B1,(up the octave with the
addition of orchestra), Part C (sustained
ending with rapid brass accomp.)
1.
Form
Texture
Harmony
Tone
Colour/Timbre
The layers of musical lines.
Texture describes the
complexity and number of
musical lines occurring
simultaneously
Polyphonic texture., but mostly homophonic
(same rhythm but different notes on the
different vocal parts) Orchestra is what adds
the polyphonic element with the variety of
musical lines that don’t line up with the
choir.
The sound that results when
two or more pitches are
performed simultaneously. It
is the vertical aspect of music,
produced by the combination
of the components of the
horizontal aspect
The quality of a sound that
distinguished it from another.
Texture of an instrument of
voice is determined by its
shape, material, what starts
the sound, and what causes
the sound to resonate.
Harmony is mostly consonant, but has some
of what are referred to as tensions. These
make it sound dissonant at times. The piece
is in a minor key (d minor, the saddest of all
keys) which gives it a dark dramatic quality.
Dark vocal sound in the lower register. It
becomes more of a bright, harsh tone when
the notes get higher. The brass add to this
brightness. Instruments used include
strings, brass (used to double choir, as well
as punctuate vocal lines), woodwinds, full
chorus (choir), timpani drums, emphatic
cymbal crashes, gong, orchestral bells
(maybe others, but this is all I could
distinguish from listening.
Elements of Music for Analyzing Music – EXAM PIECE
First Suite in E flat for Military Band - Intermezzo G. Holst (skip ahead to 4:47)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ngTnToAs4uU&playnext=1&list=PL4BD0
5C3E3105F8C1&index=24
Musical Element
Melody
Rhythm
Tempo and
Dynamics
Form
Texture
Harmony
Tone
Colour/Timbre
Definition
The tune: a succession of
notes forming a distinctive
sequence. The memorable,
singable part of a song
The pattern of musical
movement through time.
A specific kind of such a
pattern, formed by a series of
notes differing in duration and
stress:
Expressive qualities of music:
Tempo – fastness or slowness
of music and the changes of
speed
Dynamics – loudness and
softness and the changes of
volume
The structure of a piece of
music and how the parts are
organized or put together
The layers of musical lines.
Texture describes the
complexity and number of
musical lines occurring
simultaneously
The sound that results when
two or more pitches are
performed simultaneously. It
is the vertical aspect of music,
produced by the combination
of the components of the
horizontal aspect
The quality of a sound that
distinguished it from another.
Texture of an instrument of
voice is determined by its
shape, material, what starts
the sound, and what causes
the sound to resonate.
Description