08_chapter - ii
... It was widely used even before the modern classification of ragas which
came into existence. The references from Chilappathikaram proves
that Mohana was widely used during the period as early as the 2 nd
The phrases of the raga was used right from the time of or even
before the present ...
Dissonant Harmony and “Seed-Tones”
... almost a century. Even though Rudhyar’s importance in the development of American music has been increasingly
acknowledged by historians in the past two decades, his compositions have still received only the most superficial attention.
Some of this neglect may result from Rudhyar's musical language ...
Nicola Vicentino and the Enharmonic Diesis
... sources. I will then discuss Vicentino‟s adaptation of the Greek genera, his theory of
interval affect, and the features of his 31-tone tuning system. The discussion will focus
on Vicentino‟s advocacy for the use of microtonal step of the minor enharmonic diesis as
a means of affective expression.
A Performance Guide to Etüden für Flöte(n) solo by Isang Yun
... attended the International Summer Courses of Contemporary Music in Darmstadt. It was during
his time in Berlin that he met some of the most important avant-garde composers working in
Europe, including Karlheinz Stockhausen, Pierre Boulez, and John Cage.4
Isang Yun’s aim as a composer was to provide ...
A SYMPHONY AT SEA: TONAL ANALOGUES IN DEBUSSY`S LA MER
... Toward the end of this study, I consider the metaphoric fit of this perceived inconstancy
and colorful imprecision for a work entitled ―The Sea.‖ Whether or not the linkage is ultimately
successful, let me acknowledge at the outset that the conception of musical analysis offered by
example in this d ...
Extended performance techniques and compositional style in the
... style in the solo concert vibraphone music of Christopher Deane. Doctor of
Musical Arts (Performance), August 2008, 66 pp., 1 table, 8 figures, 20 musical
examples, references, 29 titles.
Vibraphone performance continues to be an expanding field of music.
Earliest accounts of the presence of the vib ...
An analysis of and conductor`s guide to Vincent Persichetti`s
... The purpose of this study is to provide a detailed analysis of Vincent Persichetti’s
Masquerade for Band, which will include a conductor’s guide focusing upon both
technical and interpretive aspects, a brief biography of Vincent Persichetti, and
background information pertaining to the creation of t ...
Challenging Notions of Tessitura: Its Identification and Redefinition
... opera, the close proximity of the two women's vocal lines surprised me. If I had been pressed to
discuss the differences reflected by their melodies. where would I begin? Though this opera was
the result of a novice at work. Verdi before Nabucco. I nonetheless began to think about the
term tess;tura ...
scale networks and debussy
... Similarly, two notes form a “scalar second” or are “separated by one
scale step,” if they are adjacent in the ordering; they form a “scalar third,”
or are separated by two scale steps, if they are adjacent but for one note,
and so on. Note that “scales” in this sense do not have tonic notes, pitch
Dohnányi`s American Years, 1949–1960
... my analysis to show that the hidden narrative in the work is based on this gesture of
a homecoming from a foreign world.
The Concertino is the only work that shows new features in its texture, which
may be the most basic layer of musical thinking. For the thematic transformation
reminds the listener ...
... 37. Pizzicato is an indication to the performer to
A. draw the bow across two strings at the same time.
B. repeat tones by quick up-and-down strokes of the bow.
C. veil or muffle the tone by fitting a clamp onto the bridge.
D. pluck the string with the finger instead of using the bow.
38. When the ...
The Nine-Step Scale of Alexander Tcherepnin: Its Conception, Its
... Figure 2-2. Excerpt 1 from Basic Elements of My Musical Language…………………..15
Figure 2-3. Construction of the Major-Minor Tetra/Chord and the Mode I Tetrachord...16
Figure 2-4. Excerpt 2 from Basic Elements of My Musical Language…………..………17
Figure 2-5. Excerpt 3 from Basic Elements of My Musical Langu ...
Microtones - Matt Swallow Saxophone
... expression… I use them mostly during moments of greatest intimate expression. The half
step is already expressive, but if it is divided by two, it becomes as expressive therefore
more intimate.” - ...
At The Cutting Edge: Three American Theorists at The End of The
... systems from musical practice and directly applying them to logically-derived
pedagogical constructs. Here again they responded, as a group, well in advance of European theorists to the prevailing situation.14
ignored for these reasons. Vincent's tonal system, based on symmetrical major- and
Ancient Greek Music: A Technical History by Stefan Hagel
... made, context indicates that melodies can move from one of these
‘ranges’ or τόνοι to another. Such movement will count as the kind of
μεταβολή of special interest to Hagel. To signal its signiﬁcance and
peculiarity to melody, it is more usual to translate it into English
not as ‘change’ but as ‘mod ...
THE MUSICAL COMPOSITIONS FOR UNACCOMPANIED SOLO
... virtuoso and composed works for the horn's solo repertoire, such as the Nocturno. J.S. Bach and
Beethoven were themselves also performer-composers, with regards to particular subsets of their
compositional output. The organ and keyboard works of Bach, including numerous toccatas,
preludes, chorale p ...
a multipitch approach to tonic identification in indian
... most frequent notes in the recording and their rate of occurrence. For example, in the excerpt in Figure 3, the drone
plays the tonic alongside the lower and upper fifth. Thus,
a fifth relationship between two frequent notes might serve
as a good indicator for the tonic.
In the study of Western mus ...
Dynamic Tonality - William A. Sethares
... each other sounds a given musical interval. For example,
in Figure 2 below, pressing any two buttons that are
horizontally adjacent sounds the interval of a major
second. The shape of the imaginary line connecting the
centers of those two buttons is the button-field shape of
the major second. If a g ...
File - Bill Troxler
... Scales arrange their pitches in a specific order
In theory there is no limit to the number of pitch divisions that can be applied
to an octave. The number of divisions used in Western music ranges from
five to twelve. Experimental work is being done with as many as 31 divisions.
Indian classi ...
Book 3 - Advanced
... became known as the mean tempered scale. During the 18th century, J.S. Bach, using the
mean tempered scale, produced a series of ‘piano pieces’ which were structured so that in
each, a different semitone was used as the tonic. The ‘piano pieces’ were written in both
major and minor modes.
A Mathematical Model for Optimal Tuning Systems
... intervals—they are easily heard, measured, and produced, and are likely
candidates to function as generators for larger sets of intervals. As a
consequence, the mistuning of such “important” intervals may be of
greater concern. Even in 12-ET, this hierarchy exists: the octave is
exactly 2/1, the fif ...
AN INTRODUCTION TO THE CLASSICAL MUSIC OF INDIA
... threads, which lends to the creation of a unique set of harmonics of each of the notes
produced by the strings. Additional notes are also generated by the combination of the
basic notes produced by the strings. This effect, coupled with the resonance created
by the chamber, gives the sound of the in ...
1 The Concept of Tonality in Fétis`s Traité Judy Lochhead Master of
... rhythm, nor where funeral and tearful matter are treated is he permitted to use a joyful
harmony…He who has studied what I have written in Part III [concerning composition] and has
considered the nature of the mode in which he wishes to write his composition will, I think,
know precisely how to do t ...
In music, serialism is a method or technique of composition that uses a series of values to manipulate different musical elements. Serialism began primarily with Arnold Schoenberg's twelve-tone technique, though some of his contemporaries were also working to establish serialism as a form of post-tonal thinking. Twelve-tone technique orders the twelve notes of the chromatic scale, forming a row or series and providing a unifying basis for a composition's melody, harmony, structural progressions, and variations. Other types of serialism also work with sets, collections of objects, but not necessarily with fixed-order series, and extend the technique to other musical dimensions (often called ""parameters""), such as duration, dynamics, and timbre. The idea of serialism is also applied in various ways in the visual arts, design, and architecture (Bandur 2001, 5, 12, 74; Gerstner 1964, passim), and the musical concept has also been adopted in literature (Collot 2008, 81; Leray 2008, 217–19; Waelti-Walters 1992, 37, 64, 81, 95).Integral serialism or total serialism is the use of series for aspects such as duration, dynamics, and register as well as pitch (Whittall 2008, 273). Other terms, used especially in Europe to distinguish post–World War II serial music from twelve-tone music and its American extensions, are general serialism and multiple serialism (Grant 2001, 5–6).Composers such as Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, Alban Berg, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Pierre Boulez, Luigi Nono, Milton Babbitt, Charles Wuorinen and Jean Barraqué used serial techniques of one sort or another in most of their music. Other composers such as Béla Bartók, Luciano Berio, Benjamin Britten, John Cage, Aaron Copland, Olivier Messiaen, Arvo Pärt, Walter Piston, Ned Rorem, Alfred Schnittke, Dmitri Shostakovich, and Igor Stravinsky used serialism only for some of their compositions or only for some sections of pieces, as did some jazz composers such as Yusef Lateef and Bill Evans.