Glossary and Terms Amphitheatre – Place for fighting /gladiator, ship, man against animal/ Aqueduct - A manmade channel used for delivering water to Roman towns. Public fountains and baths made water available to everyone. Wealthy Romans had running water in their homes. Barbarian - People who lived outside the Roman Empire. Eg. Hun, Visigoth, Ostrogoths, Vandal, Frank. Century - A division of the Roman army made up of 80- 100 soldiers and led by a centurion. Circus - A large oval shaped stadium used for chariot races. Its other name is hippodrome. Citizen - A Roman citizen had certain rights and privileges including the right to vote. Only freeborn men were fully Roman citizens. Cohort - A cohort was a division of the Roman army. It was made up of five or six centuries or 480 men. There were 10 cohorts in a Roman legion. Consul - The highest position in the Roman government. There were two consuls elected each year for a one year term. Corvus- a type of bridge that allowed Roman soldiers to board on enemy’s shi making fighting like on the land. Dictator - A ruler that has absolute power. Emperor - The leader of an empire. The first emperor of Rome was Augustus. Forum - The area of a Roman town that was the centre of Roman life. Government meetings, public speeches, and business all took place in the forum. Fresco - A painting made on a freshly plastered wall. Gaul - The lands to the north and west of Italy /Today France/. Gladiator - A person who fought for the entertainment of Roman audiences. Gladiators sometimes fought to the death. Gladius - A short sword used by Roman soldiers. Hippodrome- See at circus! Legion - The main unit of the Roman army. It generally had around 5000 soldiers and was divided up into groups of men called cohorts and centuries. Limes – Long wall along the border with towers and forts behind. Pannonia: Province behind the River Danube, Transdanubium. Paterfamilias - The man who was leader of the Roman family. He had complete power over his wife and children. Patrician - A member of the original elite land-owning noble families of Rome. Plebeian - A common person or person not of the patrician class. Craftsmen, farmers, merchants. Proletarian- Plebeian, who lost land, went to city, lives on charity, claim “Panem et circens!” Province - An area of the Roman mpire that was outside Italy, lead by governor. The first one was Sicily. Republic - A country where the government is run by elected officials rather than by a king or emperor. Rhetoric - The art of public speaking used to inform, motivate, or persuade an audience. Senate - A group of men who advised the consuls. In most cases the consuls did what the Senate recommended. Tribune - An elected representative of the Plebeian Council. Tribunes could veto laws made by the Senate. Toga - A long robe worn by Roman citizens. It was generally white with colour for high ranking officials Tunic- common clothe for all the Romans, it is a kind of long shirt.