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Transcript
ISLAM:
CREATIVITY in the DESERT
GENERAL FACTS

largest religion

 Islam =
 Muslim =
o “
 Majority found in
”
ARABS BEFORE ISLAM
 Tribal society on the Arabian Peninsula
o
o Tribal organization
o Claimed descent from
o
 Pre-Mohammad Religion
o
o
 Trading & religious center

 Controlled by
MOHAMMAD’S HISTORY
 Early Life
 City of Mecca
 Marriage & Business
o Worked for
o Married Khadijah, years his senior
o Marriage was idyllic

 Went to a
at Mount Hira to meditate
o While there…

appeared

 Taught the basics of
o
 Similar to the doctrine and covenants
 Non-revealed teachings called
o






Obligation to teach the world
o Mohammad =
o
o Why was he not accepted?
The
o Mohammad’s trek from
 Marks
o Settled in Yathrib
o Message was accepted


= Muslim community
Yathrib renamed
o “
”
o
o 1st
still exists
Returned to Mecca
o
o
against Umayyads
o Destroyed idols
o Changed Ka’ba to a
o
Died in 632 CE
o Who will lead?
o
(best friend) chosen as
 Religious & political successor of Mohammad
o
overlooked (
)
 Question of leadership sets up
in Islamic faith

Wars of Islamic Expansion led by Umayyads
ISLAMIC BELIEFS
 5 Pillars of Islam
1
2
3
4
5
A UNIVERSAL RELIGION
 Appeals to people of many different backgrounds
 Accepted many monotheistic beliefs of

can be followed easily by everyone

permitted
 Well-to-do encouraged to care for


developed
o Prayer leaders instead
of all people in the eyes of
o vs. in the eyes of man
ISLAMIC BELIEFS
 Interactions with Christians & Jews
 Dhimmi = “
”
 Believe in the same
 Need to accept
as last prophet

is “word of God”
o He did not die and was not resurrected
 Definition of who were dhimmi changed as Islam expanded
o Ex.
of India would be included later
 Jihad
 Means
 Can be
o
o
 Today…
o
o
To draw closer to
People must
in war to follow Allah’s will
Terrorists call for jihad because of threat
BUT –
are killed & Muslims are
in these jihads
 Shari’a Law
 Based on

; customs
 Harsh punishments in some countries