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Math Vocabulary 3-1 Math Vocabulary Terms: Topic 2 1. addends- Numbers added together to give a sum. Example: 7 + 5 = 12 addend + addend = sum 6. difference- The answer when subtracting two numbers. Example: 7 – 2 = 5 Math Vocabulary Terms: Topic 4 2. factors- Numbers that are multiplied to give a product. Example: 3 x 8 = 24 factor x factor = product 3. product- The answer to a multiplication problem. Example: 3 x 8 = 24 factor x factor = product Math Vocabulary Terms: Topic 8 1. dividend - The number to be divided. Example: 30 ÷ 6 = 5 2. divisor – The number by which another number is divided. Example: 30 ÷ 6 = 5 3. quotient – The answer to a division problem. Example: 30 ÷ 6 = 5 Math Vocabulary Terms: Topic 9 1. halves – Two equal parts of a whole. 2. thirds – Three equal parts of a whole. 3. fourths – Four equal parts of a whole. 4. fifths – Five equal parts of a whole. 5. sixths – Six equal parts of a whole. 6. eighths – Eight equal parts of a whole. 7. tenths – Ten equal parts of a whole. 8. twelfths – Twelve equal parts of a whole. 9. fraction – A symbol that names a part of a whole, a part of a set, or location on a number line. Example: 1/2, 2/3 10. numerator – The number above the fraction bar in a fraction; it tells how many equal parts. 11. denominator – The number below the fraction bar in a fraction; it tells the total number of equal parts. 12. unit fraction – A fraction with a numerator of 1. Example: ½ 13. benchmark fractions – Commonly used fractions such as 1/4, 1/3, 1/2, 2/3, and 3/4. 14. mixed number – A number with a whole number part and a fraction part. Example: 2 ¾