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Transcript
Chapter 9-2
Characteristics of
Sparta and Athens
BELL WORK
ACADEMIC VOCABULARY
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
Adapt
Anthropology
Chronological
Commodity
Ethnic
Inference
Policy
Secular
Theory
tolerance
____1. a conclusion reached on the basis of evidence
and reasoning.
____ 2. a course or principle of action adopted
proposed by a government, party, business,
or individual.
____ 3. the study of humankind, in particular the
comparative study of human societies and cultures
and their development.
____ 4. a supposition or a system of ideas
intended to explain something, especially
one based on general principles
independent of the thing to be explained.
____ 5. a raw material or primary
agricultural product that can be bought
and sold, such as copper or coffee.
____ 6. make (something) suitable for a new use or
purpose; modify.
____ 7. denoting attitudes, activities, or other things
that have no religious or spiritual basis.
____ 8. of or relating to a population subgroup(within
a larger or dominant national or cultural group) with a
common national or cultural tradition.
____ 9. the capacity to endure continued subjection
to something,
___10. (of a record of events) starting with the
earliest and following the order in which they
occurred.
The Persian Wars
Complete the charts below by identifying the following information. Use
pages 262-265 to find information and be detailed in your answers.
The Persian Wars- A series of wars between Persia and Greece.
• Name of
Battle 1:
–
–
–
–
–
Who
Where
When
Why
What
• Explain the
Marathon
Legend
• Name of
Battle 2:
–
–
–
–
–
Who
Where
When
Why
What
• Who is Xerxes?
• Name of
Battle 3:
–
–
–
–
–
Who
Where
When
Why
What
• Name of
Battle 4:
–
–
–
–
–
Who
Where
When
Why
What
• What was the
overall attitude of
the Persians and
Greeks after the
war?
The Persian Wars
pages 262-265
The Persian Wars- A series of wars between Persia and Greece.
• Battle at
• Battle at Salamis • Battle at Plataea
• Battle of
Thermopylae
– Persia v. Greek
Marathon
– Persia v.
– Persians v.
city-states
– Persia and
Athens
Athens and
– Plataea
Athens
– Salamis
Sparta
– 480BC
– Marathon
– Thermopylae
– 480BC
– To obliterate the
– 490BC
– 480BC
– Revenge from
Persian army and
– Darius angry
– Persians
Thermopylae
end the war
Athens aided
(Xerxes) tried
and burning
Greek city– The Greeks beat
to get revenge
of
Athens
state in Asia
on Athens for
the Persians and
Minor
Marathon and
– Athens won
ended the Persian
threatened
Wars
– Athens won
Sparta
– Athens left
Spartans to
fight alone and
Persians won
• Marathon Legend
•
Who is Xerxes?
•
What was the overall
attitude of the Persians
and Greeks after the war?
Overall Idea of the Persian Wars
•
•
•
•
Who: Persia versus Greece
Where: Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis
When: 499-480BC
Why: The Persian tried to conquer Greek cities and
they rebelled, defending their homeland.
• What: They fight a series of 4 wars. The Persians are
defeated and humiliated. The Greeks were successful
and the Greek’s spirit triumphed, especially Athens.
Though allies during the war, the great Greek states
of Sparta and Athens will become enemies after the
Persian Wars.
For the Persians, this defeat was humiliating, but it
was not a major blow. Their empire remained
strong. For the Greeks, the defeat of the Persians
was a triumph. Though Athens and Sparta fought
together against Persia, their friendship didn’t last
long. Jealous at the praise and glory Athens
received after the war, Sparta resented Athens. This
creates a rivalry between the two most powerful
city-states in Greece.
Name:
Athens (16)
Sparta (13)
Both (4)
Characteristics of Sparta and Athens
Use these clues to fill in the Venn Diagram. Use bullet points
when adding them to your Venn.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Military power=security & protection
All boys served in army at one time or
another
Boys did not devote whole life to army
Army dominated boys daily life from birth
Army until age 60
Army for two years=age 18-20
Boys from rich families =improve body and
mind
Training: Run, jump
Abandoned deformed babies
Soldier: courage & strength more
important than own safety
Boys: read, write, count, sing, play musical
instruments, Greek history, literature
Polis in Greece
Strong navy
Great philosophers (thinkers)
Delian League
Peloponnesian League
Democracy
Oligarchy
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Rich boys: Private tutors for philosophy,
geometry, astronomy, public speaking,
prepare for participation in assembly
Women more rights: own land and
participate in government
Women ran household when husbands
gone
Used helots slaves to do many jobs in the
city
Girls: run, jump, wrestle, threw javelins
Credited with winning Persian Wars
Girls received almost no education
Few girls had private tutors: read and
write
Girls: household tasks= weaving and
sewing
Girls did not serve in government
Girls did not buy anything or own
property
Won Peloponnesian War
Became the most powerful city-state in
Greece
Participated in the Persian Wars
City known for its beauty