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SOCRATES: Master of Discourse and Reasoning (text 6-7) What was the main point of Socrates’ discussions with his fellow citizens? What is the Socratic method? Why might Socrates’ actions earn him enemies? Who are the Sophists? We know the ideas of Socrates through the ___________________________ of Plato because… 6. Why does Socrates die? 7. What does Socrates compare the city of Athens to? 8. What does Socrates see as his role in Athens? 9. What is the “very best thing a man can do”? Why? 10. Why is Socrates considered a philosophic symbol? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. THE GREEKS: Crucible of Civilization Research the answers to the following questions: PERICLES AND SOCRATES 1. What is the Parthenon? (include an image) 2. Explain the choice for its location? 3. Why was it built? 4. How long did it take to build it? 5. One of the most important features is the 500ft frieze; (include an image). Explain what this is, where it is, and why it is important. 6. Who is Pericles? 7. What was Pericles’ tragic flaw? 8. Describe Pericles’ military strategy against Sparta. 9. When and how did Pericles die? 10. After his death, who ruled Athenian democracy? 11. What was the Peloponnesian War? 12. Explain the trial of the Athenian naval generals and how Socrates was involved. 13. Why is 413 BC significant to Athen’s history? 14. How is Socrates “involved”? 15. Describe death by hemlock. 16. Explain how the idea of the Greek hero was transformed. 17. How was the state of Greece transformed?