Download Chapter 2 Section 6: The Culture of Classical Greece

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts
no text concepts found
Transcript
Chapter 2: Classical and
Hellenistic Greece
Section 6: The Culture of
Classical Greece
By Dallin Hardy
The Fifth Century
B.C.

Classical Greece


510-323 B.C.
Heavily influenced


Rome
Western Civilization

Greek Drama

Religious plays

Attic Tragedy

Theater of Dionysus

Athens

Aeschylus

The Oresteia

Orestes Pursued by the
Furies (1862)
Adolphe-William
Bouguereau (1825-1905)

Sophocles


Antigone
Oedipus Rex

Euripides

The Trojan Women

Old Comedy

Humorous plays

Mocked


People
Customs

Aristophanes

Lysistrata

Architecture

Three orders of Greek
architecture



Doric
Ionic
Corinthian

Rebuilding of Athens

448 B.C.

Parthenon



447-438 B.C.
Athenian Acropolis
Dedicated to

Athena

Statue of Athena

Pericles’ Athens

Philosophy


Natural science
Reality

School of Hellas

Athens

Intellectual center of

Greece

“We cultivate the
mind…we are lovers of
the beautiful, yet simple
in our tastes.”

Pericles

Thinkers and
Philosophers
were called,
“lovers of
wisdom.”

Atomist Theory

Developed by



Leucippus
Democritus
World

Consists of

Small atoms

Pythagoras

Sacred Geometry

Sophists


Mid-5th century B.C.
Taught



Rhetoric
Dialectic
Argumentation

History

Herodotus


“Father of History”
Wrote

The Histories


Historical account of
 Persian Wars
First real history of
 Western Civilization

Thucydides


“Father of Scientific History”
Wrote

History of The Peloponnesian
War

Hippocratic School

Pioneered



Medicine
Scientific theory
Emphasized

Diagnosis and treatment
through careful observation
and reason
The Fourth Century B.C.

Drama

Menander


Tragicomedy
Portrays foibles of

Ordinary people

Sculpture

5th-century Sculpture

4th-century Sculpture
Philosophy and the Crisis of the
Polis

Socrates


Philosopher
Socratic Method

Use of a series of questions
to encourage logical
thinking

“The unexamined life is
not worth living”

Socrates

Trial of Socrates


399 B.C.
Socrates

Critic of the


Peloponnesian War
Convicted & sentenced to

Death

Execution of Socrates

Cynic School


Philosophical movement
Ridiculed


Religious observances
Turned away from
involvement in the

Polis

Plato

Student of Socrates

The Academy


386 B.C.
Established by

Plato

Plato’s Political Philosophy

Just and Rational State

Needed in order for
individuals to achieve


Good life
The Republic

380 B.C.

Aristotle

Student of


Plato
Founding figure in

Western philosophy

Lyceum


335 B.C.
Established by

Aristotle

Aristotle’s Moderation


“Golden Mean”
Moderate course

Aristotle’s Political Philosophy

Individualism